New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

GEOG 1001 9.30.16

by: Melanie Basinger

GEOG 1001 9.30.16 Geog 1001

Melanie Basinger

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Class notes from 9.30.16 including possible test questions
Introduction to Physical Geography
Nicholas Dunning
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Physical Geography

Popular in Geography

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melanie Basinger on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geog 1001 at University of Cincinnati taught by Nicholas Dunning in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Physical Geography in Geography at University of Cincinnati.


Reviews for GEOG 1001 9.30.16


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/02/16
Introduction to Physical Geography 9.30.16 Earth Materials: The Rock Cycle  Geologic cycle: a model describing the relationship between the hydrologic cycle, the tectonic cycle, and the rock cycle  Mineral: earth substance with a consistent chemical composition  Rock: a naturally-formed mixture of one or more minerals  Rock cycle: the cyclical transformation of earth surface materials between igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic states Igneous Rock  Igneous rock: rock formed when magma cools and solidifies  Magma: molten (melted) rock  Extrusive igneous rocks: rapidly-cooled lavas and other materials with relatively small crystals that were erupted onto the earth’s surface. o Examples: rhyolite, basalt  Intrusive (plutonic) igneous rock: slowly-cooled igneous rocks with relatively large crystals that solidified deep underground (in plutons/batholiths). o Examples: granite, gabbro o Close-up photograph of granite. Granite is a type of intrusive igneous rock formed when magma cooled slowly in a subterranean context (pluton). As the magma cooled three distinct mineral crystals formed: dark feldspar, shiny mica, and white quartz Sedimentary Rock  Sedimentary rock: rock formed by accumulated sediments that have been solidified by “lithification” (some combination of cementation and compression)  Sediment: earth material that has been deposited by a fluid agent (most typically by flowing water)  The formation of sedimentary rock always involves three processes: o weathering, transportation, and deposition QUIZ QUESTION #8: Which of the following processes are involved in the formation on sedimentary rock? Weathering, transportation, and deposition  Clastic sedimentary rock: rock made from cemented particles (clasts): o Smallest to Largest  Clay – shale  Silt – siltstone  Sand – sandstone  Gravel – conglomerate  Chemical Sedimentary Rocks: rock made from precipitated minerals o Limestone = calcium carbonate  Fossiliferous limestone: limestone with abundant Ordovician period (438-505-million-year-old) fossils of marine plants and animal’s characteristic of the warm, shallow sea that occupied the Cincinnati region (then part of North America’s continental shelf) o Fossil hydrocarbons: partially decomposed organic tissue occurring in sedimentary formations (e.g. coal, oil, natural gas) Metamorphic Rock  Metamorphic Rock: Rock that has been altered by heat and/or pressure  Metamorphic rock typically forms along convergent plate boundaries QUIZ QUESTION #9: Metamorphic Rocks are most likely to have formed where? Convergent Plate Boundaries (subduction and suture zones)  Schist is the most common type of metamorphic rock Weathering Processes QUIZ QUESTION #10: Which of the following is not a major tectonic process? Weathering  Tectonic movements, orogeny, and volcanism are land forming processes powered by the release of Earth’s internal energy. The further transformation of landforms, and the earth materials that comprise landforms, by weathering, erosion, and plant growth are processes powered by solar energy.  Regolith: layer of loose material on the Earth’s surface; derived from weathered bedrock  Physical (mechanical) weathering: the breakdown of rock by the physical separation of pieces  Chemical weathering: disintegration of rock by the chemical alteration of constituent minerals  Rate of weathering depends on: o The nature of the material being weathered o climate


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.