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Sociology 427: September 26, 28, 30

by: Sydney Anderson

Sociology 427: September 26, 28, 30 Soc 427

Marketplace > University of Mississippi > Sociology & Anthropology > Soc 427 > Sociology 427 September 26 28 30
Sydney Anderson
GPA 3.9

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About this Document

Dr. Thomas week 5 notes
Social Stratification
Thomas, James Michael
Class Notes
sociology, stratification, soc, 427, du, bois
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Anderson on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 427 at University of Mississippi taught by Thomas, James Michael in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Social Stratification in Sociology & Anthropology at University of Mississippi.


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Date Created: 10/02/16
9­26­16  De Beauvoir  ● What is “woman?”  ○ Femininity is important to constituting the category of “woman”  ○ The “Other”   ○ Always in relation to men  ○ Men are the positive and neutral; women are the negative­­opposite  ○ Women are defined by their relationships to men  ● There are not natural differences between men and women, but there are  differences. What produces these differences?   ○ Men do actions, women are passive objects (ex. The dominant narrative is  that sperm races to an egg while the egg sits still and waits­­actually, the  sperm are confused and the egg consumes one then shuts itself down)  ○ Our discourse creates subject vs object  ○ No historical discourse about women’s subjectivity because men have  written history  ● Parallels between sex and class inequality  ○ No single historical event explains status based on class or gender  ○ However, women don’t assume a collective identity like the proletariat.  The don’t say “we,” they say “women”  ● Why do women remain subordinate to men?  ○ Women lack concrete means to organize  ○ Woman’s identity is of family  ○ Women are attached to men, not other women  ○ Family is an oppressive institution that doesn’t provide women economic  benefits or ability to reach full potential  ○ Proletariat share space and therefore consciousness; women don’t      9­28­16  T. H. Marshall: Citizenship  ● Components of citizenship  ○ Civil: rights necessary for individual freedom (freedom of speech and  thought, right to own property, etc.) guaranteed by court system  ○ Political: suffrage/right to participate guaranteed by Congress, state  representatives, local representatives  ○ Social: welfare and security, sharing of social heritage, living in a civilized  way (you get to be a participant in the creation of culture) guaranteed by  education and social services  ● These components are evolutionary: you must have civil rights before political  rights and political rights before social rights  ○ We all have to have the basic civil rights and freedoms so that we all have  the same ability to participate at the political level  ○ Social rights must flow from political rights; citizens need education to  understand the issues they vote for and their rights  ● At the civil level, citizenship=freedom  ● The 3 components became separate and evolutionary under capitalism; moving  toward civil rights and inequality   Relationship between citizenship and inequality  ● How might democracy pacify social consciousness?  ● Democracy says we’re all equal politically, but not socially or economically.  Democracy is in super­structure, but it should be in the base. If it were in the  base, workers would have shares in the value of the company and roles in  decision making  ● If all a society does is provide the right to pursue wealth without guaranteeing  economic rights and education on the issues, it’s only benefiting the elite  ● Ex. civil rights movement wasn’t actually revolutionary  ● Movements should focus on social (e ​ conomic​) aspects/rights  ● As rights evolve in capitalism, inequality increases  ● In capitalism, the state is the superstructure, above the people, with no check on  it. In communism, the state wouldn’t be necessary.  9­30­16      Marx  Weber  Du Bois  Organization of  Relations of  Party, class, status  Class, race, nation  society  production vs.  forces of production  Economic  Owners vs.  Owner: rentiers,  Owners vs.  stratification  non­owners  entrepreneurs   non­owners (white  (workers)  Non­owner: service  vs. black laborers)  laborers (with  different statuses)  Group interests  Class location  Status  Race  driven by    Du Bois  ● Role of black labor post­Emancipation  ○ White laborers strike, black laborers take the jobs  ○ Blacks crossed picket lines, so white union workers burned their houses  and shot them  ● Black bourgeoisie: the few educated, capitalistic blacks who moved north and  took on the same roles as whites  ● Conflict between black labor and black bourgeoisie  ● Black bourgeoisie felt closer to white bourgeoisie than black laborers  ● Du Bois thought black bourgeoisie had a place in the revolution 


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