Sociology 427: September 26, 28, 30
Sociology 427: September 26, 28, 30 Soc 427
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Anderson on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 427 at University of Mississippi taught by Thomas, James Michael in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Social Stratification in Sociology & Anthropology at University of Mississippi.
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92616 De Beauvoir ● What is “woman?” ○ Femininity is important to constituting the category of “woman” ○ The “Other” ○ Always in relation to men ○ Men are the positive and neutral; women are the negativeopposite ○ Women are defined by their relationships to men ● There are not natural differences between men and women, but there are differences. What produces these differences? ○ Men do actions, women are passive objects (ex. The dominant narrative is that sperm races to an egg while the egg sits still and waitsactually, the sperm are confused and the egg consumes one then shuts itself down) ○ Our discourse creates subject vs object ○ No historical discourse about women’s subjectivity because men have written history ● Parallels between sex and class inequality ○ No single historical event explains status based on class or gender ○ However, women don’t assume a collective identity like the proletariat. The don’t say “we,” they say “women” ● Why do women remain subordinate to men? ○ Women lack concrete means to organize ○ Woman’s identity is of family ○ Women are attached to men, not other women ○ Family is an oppressive institution that doesn’t provide women economic benefits or ability to reach full potential ○ Proletariat share space and therefore consciousness; women don’t 92816 T. H. Marshall: Citizenship ● Components of citizenship ○ Civil: rights necessary for individual freedom (freedom of speech and thought, right to own property, etc.) guaranteed by court system ○ Political: suffrage/right to participate guaranteed by Congress, state representatives, local representatives ○ Social: welfare and security, sharing of social heritage, living in a civilized way (you get to be a participant in the creation of culture) guaranteed by education and social services ● These components are evolutionary: you must have civil rights before political rights and political rights before social rights ○ We all have to have the basic civil rights and freedoms so that we all have the same ability to participate at the political level ○ Social rights must flow from political rights; citizens need education to understand the issues they vote for and their rights ● At the civil level, citizenship=freedom ● The 3 components became separate and evolutionary under capitalism; moving toward civil rights and inequality Relationship between citizenship and inequality ● How might democracy pacify social consciousness? ● Democracy says we’re all equal politically, but not socially or economically. Democracy is in superstructure, but it should be in the base. If it were in the base, workers would have shares in the value of the company and roles in decision making ● If all a society does is provide the right to pursue wealth without guaranteeing economic rights and education on the issues, it’s only benefiting the elite ● Ex. civil rights movement wasn’t actually revolutionary ● Movements should focus on social (e conomic) aspects/rights ● As rights evolve in capitalism, inequality increases ● In capitalism, the state is the superstructure, above the people, with no check on it. In communism, the state wouldn’t be necessary. 93016 Marx Weber Du Bois Organization of Relations of Party, class, status Class, race, nation society production vs. forces of production Economic Owners vs. Owner: rentiers, Owners vs. stratification nonowners entrepreneurs nonowners (white (workers) Nonowner: service vs. black laborers) laborers (with different statuses) Group interests Class location Status Race driven by Du Bois ● Role of black labor postEmancipation ○ White laborers strike, black laborers take the jobs ○ Blacks crossed picket lines, so white union workers burned their houses and shot them ● Black bourgeoisie: the few educated, capitalistic blacks who moved north and took on the same roles as whites ● Conflict between black labor and black bourgeoisie ● Black bourgeoisie felt closer to white bourgeoisie than black laborers ● Du Bois thought black bourgeoisie had a place in the revolution