HIST 1312-003, Week 5 Notes
HIST 1312-003, Week 5 Notes HIST 1312-003
Popular in U.S. History from 1865
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miranda Notetaker on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1312-003 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Bradley Folsom in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see U.S. History from 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/02/16
Highlighted in Blue: important concepts In red: guaranteed to be on the exam (know the year) Imperial America 1896-1903 Spanish American War o US declares Cuba is free of Spain o US can’t take Cuba because of the Teller Amendment o US is really unprepared but Spain couldn’t fight back, so US wins o Theodore Roosevelt Assistant secretary of the Navy Resigned from his position, Assembled a group of fighters, Fought in Cuba Writes articles about the battles in Cuba (everyone thinks he’s amazing) Teddy’s Gov’t Involvement Calling for reforms (protecting workers, etc.) Runs for governor People start thinking he will be the next Republican candidate Is quieted by McKinley by putting him on as VP o US wants Guam and Puerto Rico Also wants the Philippines (going against promises to the Philippines) Starts the Philippine-American War o Philippine-American War Philippines do not attack directly US uses violence (destroying towns, killing people who they suspect are involved) Concentration camps (Many Filipinos die) William Howard Taft Additional violence isn’t the answer Becomes governor of the Philippines (appointed by McKinley) Says Filipinos can have some gov’t say, but not all Encourages US to send goods to the Philippines Dollar diplomacy – winning people over, not with violence, but with goods and other things Neocolonialism o Election of 1990 McKinley gets elected with Theodore Roosevelt as VP o US Dealing with Diplomacy in Other Ways Bribes, puppets, blackmail, Finance campaigns (of gov’t leader we want to win election), Trade China US suggests an open market for China (China stays independent, China buys goods from whoever offers the best price) Boxer Rebellion o Society of the Harmonious Fist – the Boxers attack anything that isn’t Chinese o Different people from different countries put together a rescue force to rescue people from Bejing “Banana Republics” – politically unstable areas that are dependent on other countries for imports Politics o McKinley elected with Teddy Roosevelt as VP o Assassination of William McKinley (1901) Leon Czolgosz – His parents worked in factories, treated badly Leon had to quit school and work at a young age Joins a union, participates in strikes (one strike gets violent and Leon’s friend gets beaten to death) Leon believes capitalism is causing this, gets into Anarchist Communism Heard about a man who killed a prime minister because of his beliefs (causes Leon to decide to assassinate McKinley) Learns McKinley will be attending a technology fair, so he purchased a revolver and bandages the gun onto his hand Shakes McKinley’s hand, shoots McKinley twice Doctor sews him up, thinks the bullet didn’t hit anything Bullet had hit his stomach, so for a week his stomach acid is leaking out and McKinley dies Leon sentenced to death (one of the first people to be killed by the electric chair) Actually ends up moving people away from Anarchist Communism Theodore Roosevelt becomes president o Secret Service 24 hrs for President (after McKinley dies) o Robert Todd Lincoln – (Abraham Lincoln’s son) present for Garfield and McKinley’s assassination, refuses nomination for presidency because of it READ TEXTBOOK CHAPTER 20 The Progressive Era 1901-1917 Life gets better o Technology improving o Progressivism (specifically Progressive politics) o Economic growth Theodore Roosevelt o Background: Born into a Republican family Child hero: Abraham Lincoln Physically & mentally tough (graduated from Harvard with honors) Kind-hearted, compassionate Bullier of bullies o A “Square Deal” – Roosevelt wants to make sure everyone has opportunities