New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

US Health Care, Week 6

by: Samantha Notetaker

US Health Care, Week 6 HSA3111

Marketplace > University of Florida > HSA3111 > US Health Care Week 6
Samantha Notetaker
GPA 3.8

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover chapter 4
Dr. Marlow
Class Notes
25 ?





Popular in Department

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Notetaker on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HSA3111 at University of Florida taught by Dr. Marlow in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.


Reviews for US Health Care, Week 6


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/02/16
USHealthCareSystems Chapter 4: Health Care Providers and Professionals Introduction The health care system employs the largest percent of people in the US It will continue to employ even more people because:  The population continues to grow  The baby boomers are all starting reaching Medicare age  Life expectancy is much higher than it used to be *Most health care professionals are employed by hospitals Scientific research is continually progressing in the medical field The Affordable Care Act (ACA) is leading to even more demand of health care professionals 1. Especially primary care providers Physicians Physicians are the ones that first evaluate the patient (hence, primary care) There are two types of physicians:  doctor of medicine (MD)  doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO) Both have to earn licenses awarded by a national medical board Similarities and Differences Between MDs and Dos The biggest difference between MDs and DOs is their method of treatment DOs are much more natural and suggest more preventative measures and believe a healthy diet and a good environment highly contribute to a person’s natural ability to stay healthy and fight sickness. (focus on a holistic approach meaning they treat the person as a whole) MDs focus more on allopathic medicine (less natural and more drugs). They use much more medical treatment rather than just a change in diet or something or that nature Generalists and Specialists DOs = more generalists MDs = More specialists Generalists are more about preventative and are seen much more frequently than specialists Specialists deal with only a particular problem such as a specific area or part of the body  See page 85 for a list of possible specialty areas Hospitalists Hospitalists deal with inpatient care of those hospitalized They want to decrease how long a patient stays in a hospital as well as decrease costs Differences Between Primary and Specialty Care There are 5 main differences between primary care and specialty care: 1. Primary is first-contact while specialty is only occasionally when needed 2. A referral from a primary physician is required to see a specialist in most cases 3. Primary care is long-term while specialty care is done more in short periods of time 4. Primary care looks at a person more as a whole while specialty care focuses more one specific part or area of the body 5. Primary care doctors and specialty doctors are trained differently and in different settings Work Settings and Practice Patterns Physicians work in many different settings (not just offices)  They work in prisons, school, hospitals, and many other places Imbalance and Maldistribution of Physicians Many physicians today are majority older and male (and they will retire shortly) Looming Shortages and the Affordable Care Act The demand for physicians is going up and at this rate there will not be enough of them to supply the population  Because of this it is important to acknowledge and observe how patterns in retirement, work-life, and staffing are changing The ACA is working on helping the situation through varies means (pg. 88-89) Geographic Maldistribution More physicians to do reside in more city-like areas because there is more business  This creates less physicians to be available in the more rural areas Specialty Maldistribution There is a continuing expansion between primary care and specialty care  Because of the increased salary, there are becoming too many specialists and not enough primary doctors o This makes services more expensive o A loss of primary care advantages o Causes less care for minorities and the poor Dentists Dentists deal with problems in the mouth such as teeth, gums, and tissues There are 8 specialty areas for dentists 1. Orthodontics 5. Prosthodontics 2. Oral surgery 6. Endodontics 3. Pediatric 7. Public health 4. Periodontics 8. Oral pathology Dental problem prevention is very important  To help with this there are dental hygienists are found in many dental offices Just as in the case of physicians, the demand for dentists is also continually growing  Dental care is beginning to be included as a part of public funded programs Pharmacists Pharmacists dispense medicine that was prescribed by doctors  A license is also required to be a pharmacist Specialty Is a thing in pharmacy 1. Pharmacotherapy – drug therapy 2. Nutrition-support therapy – drugs for nutritional therapy 3. Radiopharmisists – radioactive drugs Prepare. Dispense. Educate. Pharmaceutical care – educating others on drugs Other Doctoral-Level Health Professionals Optometrists – Psychologists – Podiatrists – Chiropractors  Optometrists – vision experts  Psychologists – mental health  Podiatrists – feet doctors  Chiropractors – hand manipulation All require a licenses Nurses Make up the biggest percent of health care professionals Also requires a license As in the other professions, more nurses are needed to cover the demand Advanced-Practice Nurses = APN – nurses that have more education than required Caregivers. Educators. Consultants. Researchers.  Clinical nurse specialists (CNS) –  Nurse practitioner (NP) – work in work in hospitals primary care  Registered nurse anesthetists  Certified nurse-midwife (CNM) (CRNA) Nonphysician Practitioners  Pre-dominantly in primary care  Do not have a medical degree like physicians do Value of NPP Services  Spend more time with patients  Help improve primary care overall  Cannot always use their full potential because of legal boundaries Allied Health Professionals  People that receive special training to work with doctors and nurses  This helps with the time constraints that doctors and nurses face  Must have received a certificate at some level of postsecondary schooling Technicians and Assistants  Usually have less than even 2 years of postsecondary school  Trained to perform certain tasks and procedures  Must be supervised Technologists and Therapists  Receive more advanced training  Need to know how to evaluate patients, diagnose, and develop treatment plans  Must obtain graduate degree in specified field o This includes: PTs, OTs, Dieticians, Opticians, Speech-language pathologists, and Social workers Health Services Administrators  Employed at all levels of health service delivery  Taught at bachelor’s and master’s degree levels  Job involves planning, coordinating, organizing, decision making, supervision, and financial controls


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.