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Art History: Neolithic Period

by: Brittany Zavala

Art History: Neolithic Period ARTH 223

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin - Stout > Art History > ARTH 223 > Art History Neolithic Period
Brittany Zavala

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Notes about the Neolithic period
Survey of Art - Ancient Med ( Cynthia Bland )
Cynthia Bland
Class Notes
Art, history
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Zavala on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 223 at University of Wisconsin - Stout taught by Cynthia Bland in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Survey of Art - Ancient Med ( Cynthia Bland ) in Art History at University of Wisconsin - Stout.


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Date Created: 10/02/16
Neolithic Period (p. 23) 9,000-4,000 BC Fertile Crescent: Neolithic firsts: built a wall, probably to defend, ceremonial or religious reasons. Implies the power to make a large group of people to work together and build this tower (early Neolithic wall/tower) Jericho: Just North of the Dead Sea and due west of the Jordan River, one of the oldest continuously lived-in cities in the world. (Ariha- which means fragrant) Jericho is a natural oasis in the desert where countless fresh water springs can be found. The people that lived here in the Neolithic Period were the first people known to built community homes, grow plants, and keep animals. Aptropaic: to avert evil; kept skull in homes to protect, religious purposes, Catal Huyuk: not the oldest or largest Neolithic site but was very important to art. It is a site where we see both painting and sculpture, appear to play a newly important role in the lives of settled people. Salisbury Plain (Stonehenge): one of the most recognizable monuments of the Neolithic world and one of the most popular, with over one million visitors a year. Introduction of the Bronze age: About the middle of the third millennium BC (3,000 BCE), so this s during the early phases of the Bronze Age (phases which included Copper and Iron) Also Proto- writing Dolmen: A megalithic tomb with a large flat stone laid on upright ones, found chiefly in Britain and France. Single- chamber tomb. Age of Ancestors – House the dead Stonehenge – Beaker people Henge: A particular earthwork of the Neolithic Period, typically consisting of a roughly circular or oval-shaped bank with an internal ditch surrounding the center. Ritual purpose of the dead. Cromlech: Usually refers to Dolmen’s. Crom means “bent, curved” and Lech means “slab, flagstone” used to describe a megalithic structure. Megalith: A large stone that forms a prehistoric monument or part of one either a stone circle or chamber tomb. Menhir: A tall upright stone of a kind erected in prehistoric times in Western Europe 2 Aubrey holes: is a ring of fifty-six chalk pits at Stonehenge, named after the seventeenth-century antiquarian john Aubrey. They date to the earliest phases of Stonehenge in the late fourth and early third millennium BC. Bluestone: Any of various bluish or gray building stones. Sarsen: A silicified sandstone boulder of a kind that occurs on the chalk downs of southern England. Such stones were used in constructing Stonehenge and other prehistoric monuments. Post &lintel: A building system where strong vertical elements elements with large spaces between them. Trilithon: A structure consisting of two large Vertical stones (posts) supporting a third stone set horizontally across the top (lintel). It is commonly used in the context of megalithic monuments. Heel stone (the so called slaughter stone): A single large block of sarsen stone standing within the Avenue outside the entrance of the Stonehenge earthwork. It wasn’t used as a slaughter stone, more like a marker for the sun when the Mid summer solstice sun rises. Solstice: Happens twice a year (June & December). It is when the sun reaches its highest or lowest point in the sky at noon, marked by the longest and shortest days. 3


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