Politics, Political Systems, & Constitution
Politics, Political Systems, & Constitution GOVT 2306
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy Kiris on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GOVT 2306 at Tarleton State University taught by Malcolm Cross in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Texas Government in History at Tarleton State University.
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Date Created: 10/02/16
Gov. Notes September 1 2016: Politics: The process by which society determines who gets what from government. 4 types of policies: 1. Extractions > the government is taking it Ex: Our money. Taxes, user fees. Jail. Death penalty. Some get more extractions from others 2. Regulations > Ex: Driving age, speed limit, drinking age. Education requirements. Tests to take. Who to marry & how many spouses. 3. Distributions > distribution of products and where to distribute it Ex: Where schools are going to be located. Jobs are provided and more economics. Both good and bad are distributed. 4. Redistributions > takes from some & gives to others Ex: takes wages & gives to social security & Medicare. Political System: All persons, organizations, & activities who determine who gets what from the government. Persons: Judges, Senators, voters, public officials. Activities: Voting, law suits, paying taxes. Organizations: Senate, courts. Texas Constitution: It has designed a government that taxes less and spends less compared to other states. Written to keep the government weak and limited. Based on the U.S Constitution. Settled by Anglo Americans. Independent Republic of Texas. Anglo > decedents of a German tribe. Today: any white Texan. 3 branches of government. U.S Constitution based on the Constitution of England. Spent most of their time in England before going to the U.S. A commitment to constitutional government (NOT government w/ a written constitution. IS: limited government. Government that recognizes limits what can be done to people and what limits the people.) How are these limits achieved? 1. Aristotle: thinking of how to get a constitutional government. You can have government by one person, few people, or a lot of people. Constitutional: Monarchy (1 person) > screw the people > unconstitutional government > tyranny headed by a tyrant. Aristocracy (few people) > screw the people > oligarchy (Latin American countries. To get more wealth.). Polity (many) > don’t care about the law > Ochlocracy (Mob Rule). Solution: Mixed government. To have truly constitutional government: have a monarch, partly aristocracy, & an institution representing the people. (Beginning of the checks & balances way of thinking).