Music as a World Phenomenon- Week 4
Music as a World Phenomenon- Week 4 Mus 22121
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Notetaker on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Mus 22121 at Kent State University taught by Marjorie T. Rounds in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Music as a world phenomenon in Music at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 10/02/16
Music as a world phenomenon Week 4 South Asia- India (North & South) Pakistan test Tuesday: practice quiz, Exam on oct 4 also when written exam due Australia, new guinea, north asia, south asia listen to cd 1 track 1, cd 1 track 2, track 5 go through list and figure out if cultural or musical figure out capsule identify pictures mridangam santur sarod sitar tambura essay portion answer each one found in ch. 2,4,5,8 due when listening exam ask for powerpoint North India Major cities: Mumbai (Bombay), New Delhi, Lucknow Independent from british in 1947 mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) World’s largest democracy caste system Disparity of wealth Religious pluralism Hindustani Raga- north Indian culture first impressions dreamy aura boing drum Tambura fretless plucked lute four strings pillar pitch tuning aural incense played by a shishya or vocalist Sarod fretless plucked lute 3 sets of strings melodic drone/rhythm (Jhala) sympathetic Calfskin resonator face Raga performance tuning system- 22 pitches raga or rag- atmosphere mode: framework for improvisation and composition scale, ornamentations melodic patterns, hierarchy of pitches etc rasa (mood), time of day, “magic” Melodic form alap free rhythm, all improvised ascending melodic range increasing rhythmic density jor-jhala Gat metered composition with improvisation drum enters second rising range and increasing density Tabla pair of hand drums smaller drum-tabla tuned to central pitch larger drum-baya bols- drum language theka- rhythmic patterns Tala rhythmic cycle drummer and audience keep the tal drummer stretches the beat with improvisation Sitar more frets Cultural considerations oral tradition guru-shishya a ceremony takes place before first lesson Rasa: “Mood” across the arts how music and art can pull out different feelings in people Ragamala Star artists Ravi Shankar Flexible time improvisatory if they say a concert starts at 8, it may start at 9 South India Carnatic Major cities Hyderabad, Bangalore, madras Carnatic culture more ancient predominantly Hindu track 6, CD 1 classical song had a gaat and alap has a drone as well has vocals, the other is instrumental has violin- imitation First impressions aural incense melismatic vocalist with imitating fiddle Aural analysis melody: Vocal imitation: Violin Rhythm: Mridangam Drone: Sruti Box Carnatic instruments violin used a lot Mridangam 2 headed drum very dry not much pitch changing Kriti hindu devotional poetry set to music like hymns composed skeletal melody increased ornamentation Complex raga and tala systems (key & meter) some 36,000 possible raga 175 variations of tala Sri Tyagaraja (1767-1847) devotee of hindu god rama prolific composer known for writing 300+ of kriti aradhana festivals
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