Music as a World Phenomenon week 6
Music as a World Phenomenon week 6 Mus 22121
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Notetaker on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Mus 22121 at Kent State University taught by Marjorie T. Rounds in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Music as a world phenomenon in Music at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 10/02/16
Music as a World Phenomenon Week 6 Sub-Saharan Africa- (Chapter 10) Ghana, D.R. Congo, Zimbabwe, Senegal-Gambia, Republic of South Africa Background farming is a primary occupation Cultural zones: pan Arabic/sahel/sub-saharan Africa nearly 3,000 separate ethnic groups Modern Politics dictatorships splitting up groups that get along/putting groups together that don’t get along Afro-Centric Ideas dependent on community “I am because we are” instead of “I think, therefor I am” African beliefs community is social focus Community includes living ancestors animism prevalent music is a part of life African Music Principles Oral tradition- nothing is written, passed down orally remembering is a challenge Focus on group over individual polyrhythm- layered, simple patterns that are repeated over and over you can feel it in 2 different meters at the same time often instrumental call and response- solo then group response usually group response is repeated, solo is the one that changes dance Ghana active place for slave trade West Africa most familiar to outsiders Kente cloth-patterned cloth that looks busy at first but at closer look you can see specific patterns, like how polyrhythm works denotes social class Akan and other indigenous language- Polyrhythmic Ensemble-CD 2 Track 19 First Impressions Rhythmic Kaleidoscope Aural Analysis Drums, rattles, bells polyrhythm call and response Polyrhythm overall sound is rhythmically dense Time-line patterns simple individual patterns complex combined whole density referent- relationships, not meter 3 cross rhythm left hand: | 1| | | & | | | right hand: |1| | 2| |3| | Cultural considerations recreational bands formal and informal contexts master drummers- signals when to change or stop music Talking Drums track 20- CD 2 drums echoing the vocal- surrogate speech First impressions mimic drum Aural Analysis surrogate speech: tonal contour of language speech rhythm Hi/Lo Drums or one drum with multiple tones Cultural considerations drums give words more power praise drumming proverb performance
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