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SOC 101 Week 7

by: Lukas Notetaker

SOC 101 Week 7 SOC 101

Lukas Notetaker
GPA 3.903

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About this Document

These notes cover theories from England, German, France philosophers
Intro to Sociology
Timothy J Bertoni
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lukas Notetaker on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101 at Tri-County Technical College taught by Timothy J Bertoni in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Tri-County Technical College.


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Date Created: 10/02/16
Week 7 Three main idea 1. Social Contract Theory 2. What is human nature 3. Why do we need to use social contracts Thomas Hobbes (Empirical thinking) • He lives in English war. • He argues that in state of nature, we struggle to survive in fighting growth population  and limited resources. • Our abilities are not equal. Therefore, it creates injustice, conflicts, glories. • Nature state is a continual war. Thus, it creates a continual fear. • We will destroy everyone else to survive. • We make social contracts with not only a religion. • Social contract is the power we get from a connection to an authority. John Locke (Empirical thinking) • We only learn from experience. • We get impulse from our society (not equal) to create an authority structure to protect  our property. Jean­Jacques Rousseuau (Rational thinking) • He is writing state of nature essay • We are good, kind, etc. • Man is born free but everywhere he is in chain. • We make contact with others without really united. • French revolution. • General will. Montesquieu (Rational thinking) • Three forms of government for the people: • Power corrupts distinction. • The society is our first thought. • Idealistic, freedom. • People for the people kind of government. Enlightenment →  English (Empiricist) French (Rationalist) German (Rationalist) A → B C. Darwin Auguste Comte a→ b → 1804 – 1882 ­> 1798 ­ 1857 H. Spencer E. Durkham → 1820 – 1903 (?) ­> 1858 ­ 1917 Charles Darwin • Brings evolution theory → understanding changes • Biologist • Gives an explanation of evolution which natural selection. • Natural selection → a selective mechanism. • His natural selection theory is dangerous back then. The reason is because it against  religion theory. • Why Darwin’s finches are different because of natural selections. The birds have grown  up in a different environment. Herbert Spencer • A writer. • He read Darwin’s books. • He asked natural selection existence. How does it work? • Evolutionary theory is based on survival of the fittest. • Interested in chemistry, biologist, society, etc. • He applied survival of the fittest to the society. • Social Darwinism → The theory that is based on survival of the fittest.  Ex: To get an A on a test, people have to be willing do anything or work hard enough. ? Elitism→ Capitalism (Civil war) and religious components (God only choose a  few for salvation).  Elitism naturally emerge. Where do you want to be in live? (Own  desire, own passion, etc). ? Sexism → Gender difference affects work, carrier, etc.  Males think deeply to solve difficult problems. Female has to be sensible, beautiful, etc. If  females can do like males, they look like males. ? Racism → Look at effort. Intelligence is determined by race (according to the  factual statistic). Ex: Woman’s right ? Progressives­ism → A way of thinking that the next generation must be better  than the previous generation. Ex: World War I Extra credit: → Women’s rights amendment to the constitution (number) → Tax personal income and why Gerhard Lenski ● Replace survival theory with ecological­evolutionary theory. ● He   Auguste Comte ● Writing about modern industrial life. ● Founder/Father of sociology. He points out the term of sociology. Sociology is science. ● Sociology has to be studied as whole not only some parts. ● Natural science works similarly with Newton’s law ● Model of progressive evolution: ○ Religion (Early Stage) ■ ○ Metaphysical ○ Positivism (Final Stage) ■ Love of society, science, etc ● Emile Durkheim ● The moral social education ● Establish sociology as a profession education. ● Classic = Things that transcend time


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