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Ancient Persians and Greeks History Week V Notes

by: Sarah Notetaker

Ancient Persians and Greeks History Week V Notes 105

Marketplace > Western Nevada College > History > 105 > Ancient Persians and Greeks History Week V Notes
Sarah Notetaker

GPA 3.51

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About this Document

Notes from Professor Bell's lecture and power point
European to 1648
Joseph Bell
Class Notes
Greeks, persians
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Notetaker on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 105 at Western Nevada College taught by Joseph Bell in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see European to 1648 in History at Western Nevada College.


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Date Created: 10/02/16
Trade Thursday, September 29, 2016 12:58 PM Topics Covered -Trade and Colonization -PeloponnesianWars -Athens and Sparta -Greek Drama, Art, History -Athens and Democracy - Philosophy and Religion -Sparta and Militaristic oligarchy -Naval Warfare in the Ancient World -The Persian Wars Trade and Colonization -Expert traders -Due to isolation Greek's had to learn how to trade -Wine, olive oil, dyed wool cloth, and pottery -Land hunger and colonies -Land hunger influences the want for colonies -Colonies would becomeindependent (unlike colonies from Britain later) -Colonies setup their own polis, similar to mothercountry culture -Syracuse- most importantcolony of the Greek -Byzantium controlstrade between Black and Aegean Sea Athens and Sparta - Greek city-states had many types of governments -The most important cities in the Greek world -Archaic Age (850-450BCE) -Monarchies are still common,but power is decreasing due to success of the polis -Tyrants to seize power illegally -Drew support from exploited peoples -Extralegal rulers -Generally good rulers (excluding second and third generations) -6th century BCE tyranny passes from Greece Athens and Democracy -621 BCE Draco -Implementedvery harsh rule -Heavily favored land owners -594 BCE Solon -Given power after Draco's rules failed -Cancelled all land debt -Outlawed loans that enslaved if you could not pay -Freed people from those who were there for debt -Did not redistribute land -Bigger say in government -4 classes in society(All of which could vote) -Popular but not end all of end all -Addressed problems but… -Pisistratus 560-527BCE -Resumed tyranny over Solon -His son Hippias was terrible -His son Hippias was terrible -Cleisthenes 5087 BCE -Enough support to lay the foundation again -Pioneered democracy -Cross section the population for just rulings -No one person could serve more than two years in a row -Assembly made up of all Athenian citizens -500 BCE was united and strong Sparta and Militaristic Oligarchy -Militaristic government -Conquered Messenia and forced to be serfs -Serfs then outnumbered normal population -Circa 800-600BCE Lycurgus -Plan to militarize citizens -Reformsperpetually militarized society -Young boys enrolled in the Agoge to prepare them for military -Very harsh and unfair -Little food -Lived in barracks -At 20 enrolled in the Army as a man -Allowed to marry -Still lived in barracks and ate all meals in mess hall -Women had a lot more freedom -Encouraged to stay fit to bear good babies -Had same values as men -Spartan governmentwas an oligarchy -Two kings from different families -Share council with the gerousia (20 citizens over 60) -Xenophobic society -Weary of outsiders -Trade and commercewas minimized -Used heavy iron bars for currency -Discouraged from learning philosophy and arts -Ultimatelyunsustainable Naval Warfare in the Ancient World -Very little information -Small archeological record -Homer's Epics -Combined land sea operations -Phoenicians and Greeks most important sea faring peoples -Hugged the shores and beached boats at night -Three types of war gallies 1) pentaconter 2) bireme 3) trireme -The rowers were citizens -Greeks use its own ships (Sparta/Athens) The Persian Wars -The Greeks developed without any majors threats until the Persians -499 BCE Aristagoras of Miletus rebels against the Persians from Ionia -Asks mainland Greeks for help (Athenians) -Athens sent 20 ships -490 BCE Persians invade at Marathon towards Athens -Athens asked Sparta for help, but they got there too late -Athens asked Sparta for help, but they got there too late -Athens main help came from Plataea -Miltiades leads Athenians to victory -Athenians had stronger armor -Closed in on the Persians -Athens knew Persians would be back -Themistoclesand the Navy -Had a plan of defense for when Persians came back -Persuaded the Athenians to put a lot of money into the navy -480 BCE Athenian navy had increased a lot -480 BCE Xerxes launches new invasion -Three years gathering resources from Persian empire after hearing of defeat at Marathon -Navy was very important for Persian army for supply ships -Thermopylaeand Artemesium(Battles) -Naval battle in Artemisia -Salamis- DecisiveGreek naval victory -Plataea- Decisive Greek land victory -Wanted to fight at the isthmus of Corinth -Persians had heavy losses during these battles The Peloponnesian Wars -The Delian League -Led by Athens -A group against further invasion from Persia -The Athenians got too greedy and spent a good portion of the Leagues money on improving the city (After Athens was burnt down) -The Peloponnesian League -Led by the Spartans -Weary of the greedy Athenians -Two leagues War= The Peloponnesian War 431-404BCE -Lasted thirty years -Power struggle -"The Suicide of Greece" -Spartans were victoriouswith help of Persian navies -Greece enters a long period of violence and decline for next 70 years -Sparked Corinthian War -Thebes defeated Sparta in a battle -Weakened state and right for plucking from Macedon Greek History, Drama, and Art -Herodotus and Thucydides -Sophocles -Tragedy and Comedy -Tragedy is man how he ought to be (Honor) -Comedyis man how he is Philosophy and Religion -Socrates (469-399) -Plato (425-348) -Greek religion was connected to everyday life -Polytheistic -No after life -Practical


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