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Intro to Sociology, notes set 3

by: Thomas Salazar

Intro to Sociology, notes set 3 1004

Thomas Salazar
Virginia Tech
GPA 3.32

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Not enough material from week 5, so everything from weeks 5 and 6 are included here. Self, identity, and social interaction. conversation anatomy, social stratification, and global stratification
Intro to Sociology
Dr. Brunsma
Class Notes
sociology, self, Identity, social, interactions, conversation, goffman, social stratification, Global Stratification
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thomas Salazar on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1004 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Dr. Brunsma in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

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Date Created: 10/02/16
Note Set #3 Intro to Sociology SELF, IDENTITY, AND INTERACTION How is conversation even possible?  How important are social interactions to our central concept of “self” o Cooley describes the “Looking Glass self”  Develops from taking others’ perspective of ourselves  “We are constantly, daily, reiterating our presentation of self to fit our social interactions.”  The self is inauthentic, the objective “me” as opposed to the subjective “I” o Mead asserts that the sense of self is completely artificed through our social interactions throughout our lives  All sense of social interaction is an exchange of symbols that have attached meanings  Taking other’s perspectives of ourselves produces “self-awareness”  “I” is the subjective, acting agency of interaction; it initiates interaction or chooses to engage  “Me” is the responder to any subsequent interactions, and to how we perceive others’ perceptions of us o Irving Goffman was awesome  Dramaturgical View: social concept that people act as if they are playing a “role” on a “stage” that is life  A master role is a role that we present with regardless of any other role present, or in any circumstances  Goffman believed that the “masks” and “faces” that we put on, are the core of all social interaction  Anatomy of conversation o Initiation – setting, status, circumstances; acceptance or rejection occurs here o State of Talk – relevance of topics, asymmetry, triads o Rules – single stream of topics, visual focus, take turns, lulls, interruptions, agreement o Termination – when is it over, how is it terminated; closing phrases, alternate business  So, conversation is possible because of: o Our face; a claim about ourselves that we are emotionally invested in o Maintenance of “face work,” changing/adapting or upholding the claim SOCIAL STRATIFICATION  What are the differences in who gets what, and why? In society  Social inequality: some people have stuff, others don’t have stuff o Is a social fact: it is objective, external to any individual, measurable, and constrains individuals by its existence o Different levels of social structure are attributable to different social factors  Distributions o Mean, median, mode o What can be differentially distributed?  Income, wealth, , education, perhaps prestige? Note Set #3 Intro to Sociology GLOBAL STRATIFICATION  Development Indicators: marks of how developed a country is o Measurable marks in a country that help estimate the quality of life within  Education, Sanitation, Wealth, Resources, Revenue/GNP, Civil rights/freedom, Social equality (racial, gender, class…)  Conflict o Political stability revolves around the economic systems in countries o Cultural stresses between countries produce conflict as well  Health o In under developed countries, there is difficulty of access to medical facilities  Medical care is too far, or too expensive  Hospitals or medical facilities either don’t exist or are understaffed How did the current stratification of the world come about?  Colonialism + Imperialism o Sovereign countries/states expand power over territory and resources beyond its own borders and either displace or take control over local populations  Through political and economic interventions o The idea of civilizing and assimilating other cultures o However, the slave trade for example, and other exploitation of poor countries was the real result  Modernization Theory: a model of social and economic development in which global inequality and economic differences are based on technological and cultural differences between nations o Affluence in rich nations leads to poverty in poor ones o Tradition is the greatest barrier to economic development  Traditional stage: uphold tradition and family  Take-off stage: spark economic growth and innovation, technology  Technological maturity: diversify economy, new technology, urbanization increase, poverty reduced, more specialize skills, more equality across society  High mass consumption: economic development steadily raises living standards, mass production stimulates mass consumption.  Dependency Theory: model that explains global inequality in terms of historical exploitation of the poorer by the rich o Poor countries are exploited, looted, or conquered by rich ones, then poor nations depend on the aid/intervention of rich nations o The rich nations have less interest in the political and economic stability of the poor countries in which they have intervened


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