Rock 'n' Roll and American Society (MMC1702) Week 6 Notes
Rock 'n' Roll and American Society (MMC1702) Week 6 Notes MMC1702
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassandra Alamilla on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MMC1702 at University of Florida taught by Carlson,David E in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Rock 'n Roll and American Society in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 10/02/16
Rock ‘n Roll and American Society (MMC1702) Week 6 The Floodgates Open – Three of the Founding Fathers - Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Bo Diddley - 1955 – All three recorded their breakthrough records o Also Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus and went to jail) Chuck Berry - Charles Edward Anderson Berry - From St. Louis - He is the “Father of Rock ‘n’ Roll” - First creative artist of rock and roll – He wrote, sang, and performed all of his songs. He managed his affairs - Chuck Berry was his own man. Leonard Chess signed him in Chicago - Berry joined the Johnnie Johnson band in 1953. And thy played for the next 28 years. They played blues and R&B - Chuck Berry had an interest in country/hillbilly music and started playing it. - Berry was more of a singles artist than an album artist - Like Elvis, Berry was a musical subversive. He also helped break down rock ‘n’ roll’s color barrier - He was the first person to get white kids and black kids to listen to the same music and ALSO dance on the same dance floor - “Maybellene” (1955 – 1 hit) o Think of it as a “goosed-up” country song, inspired by Bob Wills’ song “Iota Red” - “Wee Wee Hours” (1955) o His first love was the blues - Chuck Berry had a formula for his songs: intro guitar riff and the song told a story - “Too Much Monkey Business” (1956) o Tale of a disaffected Army Veteran - “Brown-eyed Handsome Man” (1956) o Composed about Jackie Robinson and a statement of black pride - “Roll Over, Beethoven” (1956) o This song shocked people and caused people to break the records - “School Day” (1957) o A rallying cry for student rebellion - “Johnny B. Goodie” (1958) o Chuck Berry’s most famous song o Some people say it’s the story about Elvis Presley o Covered by Jimi Hendrix and Judas Priest o Sang by Michael Fox in Back to the Future - “Carol” (1958) - “Sweet Little Sixteen” (1958) - “Surfin’ USA” (1963) o Also sung by The Beach Boys Berry successfully sued the Beach Boys for copyright infringement - “Back in the U.S.A” o The obvious inspiration for The Beatles’ “Back in the USSR” - “Almost Grown” - Convicted in 1959 of violating the Mann Act, Berry did four years in prison o He drove an underage girl across the state line - Some music historians have argued that the government intentionally persecuted Chuck Berry because he was a successful African-American and white girls liked him - “No Particular Place to Go” - “Rock ‘n’ Roll Music” (1957) o Berry is always rock’s best historian - The Beatles covered 7 songs by Chuck Berry - “Come On” (1961) - The Beatles and The Rolling Stones covered more Chuck Berry songs than any other rock ‘n’ roll artist. o Interest was kept in Chuck Berry because bands were covering his songs - The Rolling Stones covered 7 songs of Berry - “My Ding-a-ling” (1972) (written by Dave Bartholomew) o Recorded and release without Berry’s knowledge, it was, believe it or not, Berry’s No. 1 single. Berry did not approve of the recording and release - Berry was cordicted of income tax evasion in the 1980s, he did another term in prison (3 term in prison) - Now Berry is a “grand ol man” and still doing shows from time to time Little Richard - Another essential part in Rock and Roll - Did recordings in New Orleans in Specialty Recordings - Little Richards set the standard for rock ‘n’ roll WILD MEN o Little Richard was the first person to shock people with his songs and performance styles - Called “The Architect of Rock and Roll” - He also brought funk to rock and roll - Richard collaborated with Robert “Bumps” Blackwell - “Every Time I Feel the Spirit” – A gospel performance by Little Richard - The Hits, 1955 – 1958 o “Tutti Frutti” (1955) Very risqué when it was originally sang by Richard The lyrics were rewritten to be more acceptable o “Rip It Up” (1956) o “Sippin’ and Sliding” (1956) o Long Tall Sally” (1956) - Met The Beatles in 1962 during his European Tour. The Beatles actually opened for Richard - The Girl Can’t Help It (1956) o Musical comedy, teenage satire o Many guest artists including Fats Domino and Little Eastern o Biggest celebration of rock and roll o (Many movies were made to appeal to younger audiences and the movies included rock and roll) - “Ready Teddy” (1956) - “Lucille” (1959) - “Jenny Jenny” (1959) - Little Richard self-claims he is the Queen of Rock and Roll - “Keep a-Knockin” (1957) o The drum intro was inspiration for Led Zepellin’s “Rock and Roll” - “Good Golly, Miss Molly” (1958) - At the peak of his fame in 1958, Little Richard quit Rock and Roll and became minister. Did not return to Rock ‘n’ Roll in 1962. - Over the years, Little Richard gone back and forth between ministry and music. - Little Richard created the “Hokey Pokey” Bo Diddley – “The Originator” - He created a sound that was the “Bo Diddley Beat” - Born in MaComb, Miss and died in Archer, Fla. - Real name: Ellas McDaniel - He saw John Lee Hooker perform in Chicago - Legend says he’s called after the Diddley Bow – a handmade guitar - He had his trademark square guitar. His first square guitar made by himself - The “Bo Diddley Beat” – Combination of African rhythm and rock and roll and one beat - “Bo Diddley” (1955 - #1 R&B) o It was on the charts for 18 weeks - “I’m a Man” (1955 - #1 R&B) - “Pretty Thing” (1955) - “Who Do You Love?” (1956) - “Before You Accuse Me” (1957) - Some notable songs with the “Bo Diddley Beat” o “The Story of Bo Diddley” – The Animals (1969) - The only one of the three founding fathers that is no longer alive - In 2009, the city of Gainesville renamed its downtown plaza to “Bo Diddley Community Plaza”. UF gave Diddley a honorary PhD after his death.