CSTU 101-Western Culture-Week 4 Notes
CSTU 101-Western Culture-Week 4 Notes CSTU 101
Popular in Western Culture
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Cultural Studies
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by DanielleCuller21 on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CSTU 101 at Liberty University taught by Ms. Caitlin Elliott in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Western Culture in Cultural Studies at Liberty University.
Reviews for CSTU 101-Western Culture-Week 4 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/02/16
CSTU 101: Week 4: EARLY GREECE (500490 BCE) FUNCTIONS OF MYTHOLOGY Establishes correct models of behavior Cautions against incorrect behaviors Answers questions of origin Develops national identities THE LABRYNTH From Minoan civilization Designed by Daedalus for king Minos to contain the minotaur Daedalus knew the maze, so he and his son Icarus were imprisoned In another myth, the minotaur is killed by Prince Theseus of Athens o Daedalus tells Theseus to use a spool of wool to find his way out o Didn’t change the sail from black to white (black sailed ship was the symbol for those taken and thrown into the labyrinth as punishment for King Minos’s son’s death in Athens. People of Athens were regularly taken and thrown into the labyrinth and left to die. Theses went to kill the Minotaur and, although he succeeded, the sails were never changed from black to white, So Theseus’s father though his son had died, and then killed himself) Myths and epic heroideal personhood VALUES Freedom: representative government Individuality: focus on the personhood vs the tribe Rationalism: human reason as authority Beauty: appreciation of the human form THE ODYSSEY Greek epic written by Homer (maybe) Composed during the Greek Dark Ages Takes place in the aftermath of the Trojan War FATALISM AND RATIONALISM Fatalism and Greek theology centered on fundamental injustice o The gods live in luxury on Mt. Olympus while humans live in misery at the god’s whim o Try to control what little you can but do so responsibly (Icarus) o The Fates: Clotho, Lachesis, Atropos Clotho: Spun thread of life Lachesis: measured thread of time allotted to people Atropos: Cutter of the thread of life (chose when and how someone died) HELLENISTIC GREECE 323146 BCE Alexander the Great’s death to the Roman conquest of Greece 479323 BCE Classical Greece, Greeks were at their peak performance 323146 Hellenistic Greece, Greek culture is being spread through neighboring cities Hellenistic Greece: Hellenization is the effect to spread Greek influence Spread through development of libraries that function as centers of learning Philosophers from Greece were encouraged to visit and lecture (unique desire for cultural exchange) PHILOSOPHY Epicureanism: tame hedonism Stoicism: suppressing emotion VISUAL ART Focus on freedom Instead of order Art became more emotional and expressive The patronage of the arts began in this time period Sculpture: Lacoon is being punished by the gods for attempting to warn the Trojans about the gift of the Trojan horse Content is similar but it has more emotion THE ROMAN STORY Humble origins: came from IndoEuropean tribes Emerged around the same time the Greeks were coming out of the dark ages Etruscans governed them IMPERIALISM The belief that the superiority of one’s own culture and the belief that one should even take and impose their culture and it’s values on other people, eve by force if necessary Picked parts of other cultures and brought them into their own THE AENEID: o Written by Virgil between 2919 BCE (written for Augustus) o Virgil hated it and was very dissatisfied with it o Takes place after the Trojan war o Aneas was willed by the gods to found Rome The Aneid The Odyssey Aneas: ideal Roman man Odysseus: ideal Greek Man Duty to country over all else Nonchalant Determined Crafty Courageous Cunning Reverence to the gods Original/unique Strong Cavalier in view of the gods Cares for men: Unity/community Wise individualistic ROMULUS AND REMUS Rhea Silva (daughter of the king of Alba Longa) conceived twins by the god Mars When Alba Longa was invaded the new king forced Rhea Silva to abandon the twins by the Tiber River A shewolf found them and raised them 753 BCE founded city of Rome at the bend of the Tiber The auguries (The Augurs: Priests of early Rome) were used to determine who would be king The boys fought and Romulus won the battle, Remus was killed Rome was founded with Romulus as king ECLECTISISM A cultural “melting pot” Eclectic: something that is made up of or combined from a variety of different sources Roman Pantheon vs. Greek Parthenon (similar but different, pieces of Greek culture borrowed and added to Roman culture) RELIGIOUS ECLECTISISM Not based on any central belief, but a mixture of fragmented rituals, taboos, superstitions, and traditions collected over the years from a number of sources Many gods and goddesses came from their Greek colonies and others came from Etruscan or Latin tribes ROMAN PRATICALITY Where the Greeks were “thinkers” the Romans were “doers” Technological advancements, aqueduct, bath houses, highway systems Romans were much more materialistic than idealistic Romans invented the Arch (supported more weight) Arch of Triumph: When a Caesar would return to a city in triumph that is where he would enter through (the arch had to be grand, because Caesar was grand) ROMAN PAGANISM Sometimes origins of deities became so melded that people forgot who they represented The goddess Furirina’s festival was on the 25 of July and by the 1 century BCE no one remembered what she was the goddess of but they continued to celebrate the festival Strong sense of superstition PRAYER AND SACRIFICE Prayer to household gods or visit the temples to make sacrifices Pray to ancestors and/or household spirits Often scarified dead animals and sometimes gave food as a sacrifice Used to favor good things and prevent bad things from happening OMENS AND SUPERSTITIONS The Romans were quite wary of the gods, most likely passed down from their Etruscan ancestors Citizens would have “omens read” from nature Children were also told of creatures or ghosts that would prey on them if they did not behave Many Romans wore amulets to advert evil spirits Mythic manipulation
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'