CSTU 101-Week 5-Western Culture
CSTU 101-Week 5-Western Culture CSTU 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by DanielleCuller21 on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CSTU 101 at Liberty University taught by Ms. Caitlin Elliott in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Western Culture in Cultural Studies at Liberty University.
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Date Created: 10/02/16
CSTU 101: Western Culture: Week 5 CHRISTIANITY: Christianity originated under the reign of Caesar Augustus (Pax Romana) Jesus born (64 BCE) o At this time Romans were largely materialists Jesus’s teachings: ethical monotheism o Ethical monotheism: morality is all linked to one God; care for people, actions valued over philosophical arguments Jesus taught the marginalized people and taught them to love their enemies; focus on peace and unity Teaching in opposition to Roman society o Matthew 19:24 and 20:16threat to stability View on contributions to the rapid growth of Christianity (E.R. Dodds) 1. Exclusivity: Promised one way to eternal life 2. Inclusivity: Gospel is open to all people 3. Otherworldly: Focus on world beyond the material Christian persecution: (30311 CE) o Sporadic periods of persecution, not always centralized by the Roman Empire itself EARLY CHRISTIAN ART: Simple but symbolic Jesus fish: o Fish in Greek was used as an acrostic or backronym for “Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior” Images of Persecution from the Bible (and deliverance) o Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego from Daniel o Parting of the seas in Exodus o The Good Shepard 313 CE Constantine made Christianity legal o Constantine’s attempt to align with the most powerful deity o More concerned with social stability and protections than justice for believers Christians depicted as Kinds (547 CE) o Halo effect used to denote holiness and importance in art CHRISTIANS REJECTING ART Theater was prohibited by the church for sinful behavior on stage ISLAM: World’s youngest major religion Established ~613 CE o Muhammad’s preaching begins o 622 Muhammad’s flight to Medina o 632 Muhammad’s death FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM Allah is the one true god Prayer 5 times a day towards Mecca Alms giving to the poor and Islamic state Ramadan (month of fasting) Pilgrimage to the Qa’aba in Mecca FOCUS Personal piety and compassion Unity EARLY CALIPHS AND UMAYYADS (610750) Caliphates: regions where caliph or steward resided (considered a religious successor to Muhammed Spread over much of the Middle East, North Africa and Asia Accomplished by conquests and missionary work (Imams) Conquests were more of a practical nature than religious (need of more fertile land) Conversion wasn’t required. Other religions were subjugated and and may have had to pay a special tax of some time, but Muslims were not violent in their conquests against the religions of other DESIRE FOR CONVERSION From polytheism: Much the same as Christianity, Islam offered a solidified belief in a single deity From other monotheistic tradition: substitute for Byzantine or Sasanian political identity or Jewish, Christian or Zoroastrian faith framework ISLAMIC ART Artists were as important as scientists or philosophers Mosaics created designs of repetition to impose a feeling of the infinite on the viewer Art was used to reflect god ISLAM AND THE COVENANT Isaac vs. Ishmael Isaac: the bloodline of the Jews Ishmael: the bloodline of the Islamic people Conflict over which son was the one to be sacrificed and which son the covenant flows through
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