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REL 1310 Canons

by: Daizha Gomes

REL 1310 Canons REL 1310

Daizha Gomes
Baylor University

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About this Document

Christian Scriptures
Dr. Eric Holleyman
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daizha Gomes on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 1310 at Baylor University taught by Dr. Eric Holleyman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Christian Scriptures in Religion at Baylor University.

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Date Created: 10/02/16
Geography: Canaan Israel Palestine Israel A nation state A reference to geography A person A story Established a nation-sate called Israel Nation split into 2 parts N. Kingdom Israel S. Kingdom Judah N. Kingdom was destroyed Judah/S. Kingdom was destroyed (587 C.E.) Exile Foreign Domination Judaism Developed 1.Monotheism- one God Not really good at practicing Built temples & sacrifices 2.Sacred Texts Christianity Originated Christian Scriptures 1.”biblia”- means little books, therefore the bible is a composition of many little books 2.Testament- Covenant Old Testament New Testament 3. Hebrew Bible- Old Testament Most people were illiterate Christianity refers to the Old Testaments of Judaism Development & Transmission of Texts Some of our old material was passed around orally John Mark became associate to Simon Peter, who died, and decided to preserve what Peter had passed down orally Composition Oral Written It’s a collection of written accounts. David & Solomon story doesn’t fully make sense. Compilation Copy/Preservation Canonization  Word “canon” taken from Greeks SIMILARITIES 1. No clear picture of PROCESS (stages) 2. Utility, Age and Association were determinative 3. Diversity resulted Hebrew Bible  Tripartite structund reflects chronology of canonization  Eventually closed (2century C.E.)  Impacted by temple destruction (Built by King Solomon) Babylonian Siege of Jerusalem Diaspora: the spread of Jews after destruction Roman Destruction of Jerusalem They didn’t have priesthood and the sacrificial system New Testament  Codex was influential th  27 books dominate by end of 4 century o C.E. (Closed) Not open to adding anymore books to Bible Arrangement Hebrew Bible (24)  Tanak o Law/T orah o Prophets o Writings/ Ketuvim Old T estament (39)  Law/Pentateuch (five scrolls)  Hstory  Pslams & Wisdom Literature  Prophets New T estament (27) Translation 1. Septuagint (LXX) a. Started in Alexandria b. Most Israelites spoke Greek c. The ruler wanted all great texts in the world to be translated into Greek 2. Vulgate a. Constantine (Emperor of Rome legalizes Christianity makes it the official of Rome) b. Prince named Jerome translates all sacred texts into a Latin bible called Vulgate i. Became the dominate text 3. Masoretic Texts a. The base text of the Hebrew Bible 4. Dead Sea Scrolls a. Discovered in the 1940s in caves near the Dead Sea b. Dated during the time of Jesus or a hundred years early


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