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HIST111 Chapter 5 Notes

by: Cleopatra Shabazz

HIST111 Chapter 5 Notes History 111

Cleopatra Shabazz
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About this Document

These notes discuss the relationship between Europeans and Native Americans, the French and Indian War, British Taxes, and the events that led up to the Revolutionary War.
United States History to 1865
Dr. Eric Rose
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cleopatra Shabazz on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 111 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Eric Rose in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see United States History to 1865 in History at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 10/02/16
Chapter 5 Important Term Definition/Main Idea Important People Places Middle Ground  The attempt to establish relations between Europeans and Native Americans  Hospitality is received when the Europeans can benefit from the Native Americans      Chief Massasoit  Signs treaty with Pilgrims in 1621  First Thanksgiving  Hostility is received when Native Americans are no longer useful to the Europeans  King Phillip’s War (1675-1676)      Chief Metacom  Son of Massasoit  Nicknamed “King Phillip” by the British  Wampanoag tribe o Colonists invaded their land o Results in one of the deadliest wars      Indians = captured slaves Iroquois League (1650)  Cultivated corn, squash, and beans     Remained in one fixed location  Mourning Warfare: neighbors are kidnapped by the bereaved and inherit a spirit of the dead o The spirit of the dead is typically an old tribe member o The person who receives the spirit must join a new tribe  Hiawatha  Iroquois profit who preaches peace  Exiled himself from the village when he lost all 3 of his daughters  Receives peaceful consolidation from a spirit  Ends morning warfare (peace is better than constant war)  Unites five nations of Native Americans into the Iroquois League (or confederacy)  Five Nations 1. Mohawk 4. Cayuga 2. Oneida 5. Seneca 3. Onondaga  Five-Fire Long House  1 unit or house is divided into five sections, each containing a keeper of a fire     Spiritual and political unity  Men = politics     Women = social structure French and Indian War  Who owns the Ohio Valley?  Technically, the Iroquois League o A spiritual deity referred to as “the great being above” granted the land to the Native Americans  Britain wants the land in order to expand westward  However, France also wants the land in order to trap British territory on the east coast by connecting their northern and southern territory     Ohio Valley = center of conflict  The “Half-King”  Tribal leader who has limited authority in the Iroquois League      Conflict between Britain and France =  stronger dominance of the region  Starts the French and Indian War o France tries to build places in the Ohio Valley without his permission o Kills a wounded French officer as a result of France’s attempt to claim the land o France blames George Washington for the death of the officer  Round 1: France is Beating Britain  At first, the Native Americans trusted Britain more than France since France tried to take their land  However,  the death of the “Half­King”  weakens Britain’s relationship  with the Native Americans o  (only 7 of them work with the British)  France establishes a stronger alliance with the Native Americans o Painted themselves like the Native Americans before entering the battlefield o Over 900 Native Americans are working with the French Battle Formations British (2­3 lines formation) French   (Indian   style   =   ambush   in woods)  Round 2: Britain Steals the Victory  The Iroquois shifts alliances to help the British  General Pitt convinces the colonists to fund the war  Spain enters the war at the last minute to help the French  France is being attacked so the French soldiers retreat  Britain beats France and wins the war Treaty of Paris (1763)  Britain receives Ohio Valley and northern land near Quebec  France give Britain all the land east of the Mississippi River  Spain gives Florida to Britain  Indian Reserve: land in between Ohio Valley, Louisiana Territory and the 13 colonies British Taxes  General Pitt told the colonists that Britain can’t voluntarily tax them without their consent  Large army of British soldiers are still in America      Colonists become paranoid o Are the soldiers there to fight them?  Imperial Reform: Britain is no longer flexible because they strictly enforce laws now  The following acts and events led up to the Revolutionary War  Stamp Act  Legal documents are void without an official stamp  Stamps are taxed  Colonists opposed the act by destroy tax building and harming tax collectors  Nonimportation agreement: boycott British goods  Britain repealed and revoked the Stamp Act  Townshend Act  Charles Townshend: enforces the act because he resents the colonists’ actions  External tax: tax on imports  Trying to teach the colonists a lesson  Tax money pays the salaries of colonial officials  Colonists boycott since Britain is robbing them of their liberties  Boston Massacre  Sons of Liberty: radical colonists  More British soldiers came to America to intimidate the Sons of Liberty  Colonists attacked soldiers with snowballs  A soldier accidently fired his gun  The rest of the soldiers started shooting and killed 5 people and injured 6 people  Boston Tea Party  Britain taxed tea while the Townshend Act was still in effect  Sons of Liberty (disguised as Indians) dumped over 300 cases of tea into the Boston Harbor  East India Tea Company loses a lot of money  Coercive (Intolerable) Act     Closed Boston Harbor until the colonists pay for the tea  Rebels are order to be placed on trial in Britain  Boston receives smuggled rice and other goods from South Carolina  First Continental Congress  Colonies conclude that these acts are unconstitutional  Decide to boycott British goods until taxes are repealed


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