HIST111 Chapter 5 Notes
HIST111 Chapter 5 Notes History 111
Popular in United States History to 1865
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cleopatra Shabazz on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 111 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Eric Rose in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see United States History to 1865 in History at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 10/02/16
Chapter 5 Important Term Definition/Main Idea Important People Places Middle Ground The attempt to establish relations between Europeans and Native Americans Hospitality is received when the Europeans can benefit from the Native Americans Chief Massasoit Signs treaty with Pilgrims in 1621 First Thanksgiving Hostility is received when Native Americans are no longer useful to the Europeans King Phillip’s War (1675-1676) Chief Metacom Son of Massasoit Nicknamed “King Phillip” by the British Wampanoag tribe o Colonists invaded their land o Results in one of the deadliest wars Indians = captured slaves Iroquois League (1650) Cultivated corn, squash, and beans Remained in one fixed location Mourning Warfare: neighbors are kidnapped by the bereaved and inherit a spirit of the dead o The spirit of the dead is typically an old tribe member o The person who receives the spirit must join a new tribe Hiawatha Iroquois profit who preaches peace Exiled himself from the village when he lost all 3 of his daughters Receives peaceful consolidation from a spirit Ends morning warfare (peace is better than constant war) Unites five nations of Native Americans into the Iroquois League (or confederacy) Five Nations 1. Mohawk 4. Cayuga 2. Oneida 5. Seneca 3. Onondaga Five-Fire Long House 1 unit or house is divided into five sections, each containing a keeper of a fire Spiritual and political unity Men = politics Women = social structure French and Indian War Who owns the Ohio Valley? Technically, the Iroquois League o A spiritual deity referred to as “the great being above” granted the land to the Native Americans Britain wants the land in order to expand westward However, France also wants the land in order to trap British territory on the east coast by connecting their northern and southern territory Ohio Valley = center of conflict The “Half-King” Tribal leader who has limited authority in the Iroquois League Conflict between Britain and France = stronger dominance of the region Starts the French and Indian War o France tries to build places in the Ohio Valley without his permission o Kills a wounded French officer as a result of France’s attempt to claim the land o France blames George Washington for the death of the officer Round 1: France is Beating Britain At first, the Native Americans trusted Britain more than France since France tried to take their land However, the death of the “HalfKing” weakens Britain’s relationship with the Native Americans o (only 7 of them work with the British) France establishes a stronger alliance with the Native Americans o Painted themselves like the Native Americans before entering the battlefield o Over 900 Native Americans are working with the French Battle Formations British (23 lines formation) French (Indian style = ambush in woods) Round 2: Britain Steals the Victory The Iroquois shifts alliances to help the British General Pitt convinces the colonists to fund the war Spain enters the war at the last minute to help the French France is being attacked so the French soldiers retreat Britain beats France and wins the war Treaty of Paris (1763) Britain receives Ohio Valley and northern land near Quebec France give Britain all the land east of the Mississippi River Spain gives Florida to Britain Indian Reserve: land in between Ohio Valley, Louisiana Territory and the 13 colonies British Taxes General Pitt told the colonists that Britain can’t voluntarily tax them without their consent Large army of British soldiers are still in America Colonists become paranoid o Are the soldiers there to fight them? Imperial Reform: Britain is no longer flexible because they strictly enforce laws now The following acts and events led up to the Revolutionary War Stamp Act Legal documents are void without an official stamp Stamps are taxed Colonists opposed the act by destroy tax building and harming tax collectors Nonimportation agreement: boycott British goods Britain repealed and revoked the Stamp Act Townshend Act Charles Townshend: enforces the act because he resents the colonists’ actions External tax: tax on imports Trying to teach the colonists a lesson Tax money pays the salaries of colonial officials Colonists boycott since Britain is robbing them of their liberties Boston Massacre Sons of Liberty: radical colonists More British soldiers came to America to intimidate the Sons of Liberty Colonists attacked soldiers with snowballs A soldier accidently fired his gun The rest of the soldiers started shooting and killed 5 people and injured 6 people Boston Tea Party Britain taxed tea while the Townshend Act was still in effect Sons of Liberty (disguised as Indians) dumped over 300 cases of tea into the Boston Harbor East India Tea Company loses a lot of money Coercive (Intolerable) Act Closed Boston Harbor until the colonists pay for the tea Rebels are order to be placed on trial in Britain Boston receives smuggled rice and other goods from South Carolina First Continental Congress Colonies conclude that these acts are unconstitutional Decide to boycott British goods until taxes are repealed
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