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deviance notes week 6

by: Lindsey Notetaker

deviance notes week 6 SOCL 3501

Lindsey Notetaker
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

these notes are the first 2 lectures of what will be on test 2
Sociology of Deviance
G. Stevenson
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsey Notetaker on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCL 3501 at Louisiana State University taught by G. Stevenson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Sociology of Deviance in Sociology at Louisiana State University.


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Date Created: 10/02/16
TEST 2 NOTES SUICIDE  The suicide is intentionally causing your death  The intention part is very important in distinguishing suicides and accidents  Sadly, people do kill themselves accidently all the time—these are not suicides  Positivist approach i.e., looking at deaths that have been classified as suicides on death certificates  Methodological issues in looking at rates (estimates) o They are not perfect measures because we won’t be able to capture every suicides. We rely on medical examiners and coroners to make these determinations. What they have to determine is intent. This can be very difficult for some cases  Undercounting and over counting o Some suicides will be misclassified as accidents or possibly recorded as unknown o We could have accidents and homicides classified as suicides  Suicide in the US o Each year around 30,000-35,000 deaths are classified as suicide o This is about twith the number of homicides that occur in the US o Suicide is the 10 leading cause of death in the US  Suicide rate calculation o Suicide rate = (#suicides/population) *100,000 o This gives a suicide rate per 100,000 people in the US o A rate of 11 would be read as for every 100,000 people in the US, 11 committed suicide o The suicide rate in the US typically varies between 10-12 o For 2010 the rate was 12.4  Varieties of suicidal experience o Threatening suicide  Made explicit threats but done nothing to self-harm yet  Some people do this to get a desired outcome i.e., help o Attempting suicide  Has actually attempted but didn’t complete; maybe threatened, but isn’t necessary  Characteristics:  More likely to see women  Young (not necessarily teenagers- book describes it between 20-45 years old)  Drug and alcohol abusers  Sometimes people don’t want help—they want to stay in the “attempted” group. They never intended to be in the “committing” group.  Methods: overdose, cutting—more likely to allow for intervention o Committing suicide  Are now deceased  We have the most data about this category because we have the death certificates.  Characteristics:  More likely to see men  Older  Methods: firearms and hanging—very lethal  Constructionist look at suicide o There is a study in the text that takes a more constructionist approach to the study of suicide o It is a content analysis of suicide notes o The researchers look for major themes in the notes to try to get a sense of what the person was feeling at the time of their suicide o “suicidal feelings”  Depressed  Vindictive: it’s your fault  Apologetic: sorry I couldn’t be a better…  Magnanimous: beyond themselves, opposite of vindictive  Surrealistic: expect one thing, but see something else—may say something about how they are so relieved  Atonement: make up for your mistakes; make amends with society ****Do not confuse these with Durkheim’s suicide types**** o As with our quantitative approach of looking at numbers, there is a methodological concern with this study as well. Not all people leave suicide notes  Maybe the people who don’t are different somehow than those who do  Suicide rates vary by gender o Completed suicide rates are higher among men, suicide attempts are higher among women o Methods used in suicide does vary by gender but not as much as most people think o Women are just as likely to die by firearm as they are to OD o However, most men die by firearm  Age variations by gender o The peak ages of suicide differ for men and women o For women, suicide rates peak between 45-54 o For men, suicide rates begin to rapidly increase at 65 with those aged 75 and older having the highest rate


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