Medical Ethics Lecture 4
Medical Ethics Lecture 4 Phil 164H
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 164H at University of Massachusetts taught by J. Dixon in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 10/02/16
Phil 164 - Medical Ethics I University of Massachusetts, Amherst Professor Dixon Lecture 4 Ethics of Prima Facie Duty PFD - there is a plurality of basic moral principles of right conduct. The basic moral principles give us moral reasons to perform actions. These reasons can compete with and outweigh one another ● 4 basic goods - virtue, pleasure, pleasure in proportion to virtue, knowledge ● 7 prima facie duties - basic moral principles of right conduct Two categories - basic value based - consequentialism - basic duties of special obligation - deontological Moral judgement + 7 prima facie duties - PFD - 4 basic goods ● Prima Facie Duty - to perform some action is to say that one has some moral reason to perform the action but that reason may be overridden by some other reason that favors not performing the action ● All things considered duty - is a duty one has after one prima facie duty prevails in some conflict between duties, i.e. it is what you should do, all things considered Social Contract Theory - action is morally right if it permitted by a set of moral principles that hypothetical agents would agree to under conditions that are ideal for choosing moral principles John Rawls: hypothetical agreement in original position and behind the veil of ignorance - Whatever hypothetical people would agree to = morally right - More of a political theory than a moral one - Principles of right conduct = Principle of Greatest Equal Liberty and the Difference Principle 2 Principles of Justice - Social contract theory - whatever is decided in original position behind veil of ignorance Coping with Moral Theories ● Non-arbitrary standards we can use to evaluate moral theories ○ Explanatory power ○ Practical guidance ● Moral theory and moral illumination
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