Jour 413 Civil War Era
Jour 413 Civil War Era 413
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebel_Athlete on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 413 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Gregory Borchard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see History of Journalism in JOUR at University of Nevada - Las Vegas.
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Date Created: 10/02/16
Monday, October 3, y Jour 413 Notes Civil War Era SUMMARY The civil war era consists of the Whig collapse as well as many papers that were liberal against slavery. Some of the papers many of the southern states were offended and actually wanted those papers to be eradicated. It is said that the inverted pyramid was created during this time period. The byline was also used because the general at the time was trying to stop the bloodshed from the civil war. Uncle Tom’s Cabin regarded as one of the most read pieces ever! Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. Abraham Lincoln wrote to her stating that this book was the reason why the war started, it really did cause extra tension between pro and antislavery states. The Whig Collapse 1852 I 1856 the third party system was created and it was now only two parties: The Republicans vs. the Democrats. John c. Frémont 1856 He was the first republican presidential candidate. He was called “The Pathfinder of the west”. He supported from freesailers and antislavery advocates. He didn’t want slavery to extend to the west farther than it already had. The press coverage resembled a typical American. Elijah Parish Lovejoy 1802-1837 He set up his fourth and final press in Illinois and this news was reported by the Alton Observer on November 7 1837. He was killed when the mob came by. 1 Monday, October 3, y John Brown This guy accomplished nothing in his life until Lovejoy died. He vowed to end slavery because of his death and ended up getting hanged. He went to Kansas in the 1850’s and goes into hiding because he is a wanted man. He sets up a plan for the revolution and plans to go to Harper’s Ferry he and 27 other followers were either captured or killed. After John Brown was executed Frederick Douglas said “I could live for the slave, he could die for him” Later, transcendentalists like Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote about him as if he was Jesus. The Liberator William Lloyd Garrison in 1859 finally wrote that everything that happened was enough. Abraham Lincoln He was not well received well when he was elected. Only 40% of the electorate voted for him. Horace Greeley was a big supporter of him. The Press during the civil war No war was ever covered so thoroughly by eyewitnesses. Newspapers turned over almost all editorial spaces to war coverage. Technology aided in reporting and practically everyone could have been a journalist. The Inverted Pyramid and the Byline This was created because spies would intercept telegraphic transmissions and were able to decode strategic information. This was used during the Civil war regularly. Bylines don't come by until after the civil war. Bylines are used because at the time the general was trying to stop bloodshed. By putting your name down it would allow the law to properly prosecute the murderer. 2 Monday, October 3, y William T. Sherman A general that was never very fond of Abraham Lincoln or Horace Greeley. He thought that Greeley was committing treason. He also stared the Modern War and decided to go and cause destruction and peril in the south. Lincoln & The Press The North was losing greatly during the war. Lincoln was held responsible. Everyone thought that the Emancipation Proclamation was the single worse thing that Lincoln had done during his presidency. It wasn’t until they claimed Georgia that everyone approved of it. Greeley & Lincoln He wrote the most famous editorial in August 20th, 1862 called “The Prayer of 20 Millions”. His story said that he should just fight for ending slavery instead of trying to change the union. Lincoln had already written the emancipation proclamation during that summer. September 17 that year in Antietam, the north finally won. Lincoln was waiting for a victory to allow the emancipation to be put into action. The emancipation proclamation took effect on January 1st, 1863. This was also known as the second American Revolution. Gettysburg Adress November 19, 1863 He steps up and gives a speech at Gettysburg which was a commemoration of the dead at this place. Lincoln gave a 2 minute speech and it went by so quickly that no one has very good accounts of the speech. “Fourscore and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth up on this continent a new nation conceived in liberty and dedicated t the proposition that all men are read equal” Civil War Era Images Harper’s Weekly sketch artist was Alfred Waud at Gettysburg. This guy would draw a sketch of what was happening in the war and then the paper would have a metaphysical blend of the war using wood cuts and photographs. 3 Monday, October 3, y The World’s First Photograph was the Heliograph Joseph Nicéphore Niépce 1822 This is called a Heliograph because it was created by the sun. The sun’s rays would cause reactions on the chemicals and that would create an image. Daguerreotype Louise Jacques Dagueere 1837 “Boulevard du Temple” Daguerre, cerca 183839 this was the first photograph of a person. The exposure time was more than 10 minutes. Anything moving would not be caught. Mathew Brady He helped produce photography and share them with a national audience. 4
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