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THEA 221, Week 6 Notes

by: Ashley Antonio

THEA 221, Week 6 Notes THEA 221

Ashley Antonio
Long Beach State

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About this Document

These notes cover the play Dulcitius by Hrotsvit of Gandersheim and are on this weeks exam.
History of Theatre and Drama to 1600
Dr. Jaye Austin Williams
Class Notes
THEA221, Theatre History II, theatrehistory, drama, theatre
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Antonio on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THEA 221 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Jaye Austin Williams in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see History of Theatre and Drama to 1600 in Liberal Arts at California State University Long Beach.

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Date Created: 10/02/16
THEA 221: History of Theatre and Drama to 1600 Dulcitius by Hrotsvit of Gandersheim Play Notes ­Hrotsvit of Gandersheim Germany. ­She was a coystered nun. ­Medieval European theatre: ­There collections of work survived in monestaries. ­Hrotsvit a German nun spoke to Christian’s. ­She wrote for collars; her work was mint to be enjoyed on the page instead of begging  acted out. ­She was a medieval benediction nun. ­He is of noble birth and an avid reader. ­Social and Political Implications: ­Defying Autocracy ­ Diocletian was the head of the roman tetrarchy, a system he put in  place to prevent another crisis. ­Divine Intervention ­ from the years 303 to 313 BCE, the tetrarchy of Caesars rescinded the legal rights of Christians.  ­Frostbit of Mannerheim: ­First known female playwright and poet. ­Terence influence on her work is that she reacts to the sexism in Terence plays  especially raped females who then marry their rapist. ­Character Analysis: ­The holy virgins: Chionia, Agape, and Hirena. ­Diocletian: Roman emperor who imprisons the Holy Virgins. Known to be a persecutor  of Christians. ­Dulcitius: Roman governor who wants to rape the beautiful woman and therefore  becomes demented and rapes the kitchen utensils a.k.a. pot and pans. ­Sissinus: Roman count. ­Dulcitius’s wife: the wife of Ducitius. ­Soldiers: unreliable. ­Guards: reliable. ­Historical Context: ­Christianity is very biased because it is only from the Christian perspective. ­The romans where very benevolent to the Christians. ­The earliest prosecution of Christian was in 64 CE. ­Perpetua was the first mature because she stuck to her Christian beliefs. ­Constantine was the first to change Christianity and standardize Christianity. ­Overarching Themes: ­Spirituality and Faith: spirituality plays a huge role.  ­Lust: Dulcifies is captivated by the women’s beauty and is blinded by his lust therefore  making love to pots and pans instead of the women. ­Honor and Pride: Dulcitius pride caused him to want revenge on the women because he had made a fool of himself. The women’s pride didn’t keep them from switching  religions. ­Style: ­Originally written in Latin. ­Written in prose. ­Dark plays lightened by comedy. ­Christian values. ­Sexually explicit: Dulcifies makes remarks about wanting to rape the women “I will go in  and enjoy myself in those lovely arms”. ­Slapstick humor: Dulcitius makes a fool out of himself because of his sexual desire for  his prisoners. He tries to rape the women and ends up indulging in pots and pans  instead. Irena­“Now he presses the saucepans tenderly to his breast, now the kettles  and frying­pans! He is kissing them hard!”. ­Significance: ­Female playwright was very rare in Western theatre, especially ones as talented as  Hrotsvitha. 2 ­The play aims to encourage Christian perseverance. ­The power of Christian obedience through comedy is shown by the soldiers removing  the virgin women’s clothing to try and shame them even though in reality it is highly  unlikely. ­When Agape and Chionia are sentenced to death by fire by Sissinus. 3


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