POLS 1101, Week 1 Notes
POLS 1101, Week 1 Notes POLS 1101
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kat on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1101 at Kennesaw State University taught by Lee Clayton Jones in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at Kennesaw State University.
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Date Created: 10/02/16
POLS 1101, WEEK1NOTES COLORKEY VERY IMPORTANT INFORMATION BIG IDEAS IMPORTANT PEOPLE/DATES VOCABULARY There are two types of Science (the ability to test, investigate, and solve problems) 1. Natural Science - Ex: Physics/Chemistry 2. Social Science - The study of human interactions in society Max Webber: - Wrote Politics as a Vocation (1918) o In this he defines state: a specific type of political organization where official institutions and society interact through the use of power (Or) the legitimate use of force states use force to press power on other individuals o Government, citizens, and the public make up the state Gov’t: elected officials and bureaucrats (police) Citizens: people living in the state seeking an active role in politics Public: people living in the state not seeking an active role in politics o Gives the 4 Characteristics of a State Space: Territorial boundaries Choice: Monopolizes rule making Change: Controls forceful persuasion Independence: Has international power If all 4 characteristics aren’t present, it’s not a state o In his own words: “Today however, we have to say that a state is a human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of political force within a given territory.” – Webber Force: the ability to make someone do/not do something. States are the only ones who can use legitimate force Politics means striving to share and distribute power 1 - Politics: about power in relationships - Power: the ability to influence the choices made by others - POLOTICS = POWER Politics of Choice - About common policies and decisions - Individual issues become societal issues - Gov’t has to form a common decision about these issues - When they do the decision becomes a policy Politics of Change - The flux, transition and conflict within the political world - The political world is in a constant state of change o Ex: elections - Changes in politics can influence choices in politics Politics of Space - Space: area where politics occur o Reduction of space: surveillance, policing o Creation of space: voting, political awareness/action, supporting community - Space allows for there to be voice and agency o Voice: the ability to say what you want o Agency: the ability to do what you want Voice without agency is meaningless Agency without voice is chaotic Manifest Power: A makes B do what A wants Implicit Power: B does what A wants even A isn’t there - Ex: stopping at a stoplight even when no one is around Politics is about: - Choice - Change - Space - POWER Political Science: the methodical and systematic analysis of power relationships in a system Gov’t: a group of people empowered with the authority to act on behalf of the state; can use legitimate force 2 1. Who a. Elected officials b. Bureaucrats 2. Nature of Gov’t a. To manage conflict and maintain order b. To limit the individual choices and freedoms of its citizens (social contract) i. Never to maximize personal freedoms ii. Hobbes talks about this in the Leviathan c. To provide public goods d. Promote equality i. Political ii. Social iii. Opportunity iv. Outcome e. Promote freedom i. Freedom of: no constraints on behavior; liberty; gov’t doesn’t act ii. Freedom from: gov’t provides; equality; immunity from a necessity Thomas Hobbes - Wrote the Leviathan - Believes a strong gov’t can only be created if people put all of their strengths, voices, and power into one person John Locke - Lived through (1632- 1704) - Wrote the Two Treatises on Civil Government (1689) - Believes that individuals have certain unalienable rights o The right to life, liberty, and property - Believes that people surrender some of these rights to the gov’t so that the gov’t can protect their other rights Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Lived through (1712 – 1778) - Wrote Social Contract or Principals of Political Right or Du Contrat Social in (1762) o Talked about popular sovereignty Popular Sovereignty: the principal that the authority of the state and gov’t is created and sustained by the people Means that the gov’t is created by the people and are reliant on the people for the authority to rule 3 Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau are important to study because the each contribute ideas that were part of the origins of American Democracy Richard Hofstadter - Says that the ‘Founding Fathers’ were anti-dictatorship AND anti-democratic (didn’t like the people having direct control) - Republicanism was the solution Original and Modern Dilemmas of Democracy - Original: Freedom vs. Order - Modern: Freedom vs. Equality o Seesaw effect between the vs 4
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