New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Intro to Research Chapter 4 Week 6

by: Kim Notetaker

Intro to Research Chapter 4 Week 6

Marketplace > Armstrong State University > > Intro to Research Chapter 4 Week 6
Kim Notetaker

GPA 3.4

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes are a summary of chapter 4 and pertain to what will be on our exam.
Intro to Research Methods
Class Notes
psych, research, notes
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Research Methods

Popular in Department

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kim Notetaker on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Armstrong State University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views.


Reviews for Intro to Research Chapter 4 Week 6


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/03/16
Chapter 4 The Belmont Report  Belmont Report of 1976: a broad set of principles to guide research with human subjects. Motivated by the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. o 3 principles:  Respect for persons: informed consent, particularly for groups with reduced autonomy.  Benefice: protect participants from harm, and ensure well-being.  Justice: fair balance of benefits and costs associated with research participants. APA Ethical Principles and Standards  The American Psychological Association provides enforceable standards for psychology research. o Key issues:  Institutional Review Boards (IRB).  Coercion and undue influence.  Informed consent.  Deception.  Debriefing.  Research misconduct.  Animal research. Institutional Review Boards (IRB)  IRB: committee that reviews research at universities and schools to ensure ethical conduct. o They review research before it is conducted. o Must balance the welfare of participants with the researcher’s goal of contributing to the general body of knowledge. Coercion and undue influence  Coercion: the explicit or implicit suggestion that someone who chooses not to participate will suffer negative consequences.  Undue influence: offering an incentive too attractive to refuse. Informed consent  Informed consent: must provide the participants with information about the study, particularly risks and benefits so they can decide if they want to participate. o Brief description of the procedures. o Potential risks and benefits. o Confidentiality. o Right to withdraw. o Contact information.  Why wouldn’t you want to get informed consent? o People won’t behave naturally. o Some people can’t give consent. o Consent may be impractical or impossible to obtain.  When can you possibly skip informed consent? o Behavior is fully public. o No more than minimal risk of harm (an amount of harm that would occur in everyday life). Deception  Deception: researchers withhold some details about the study either though omission or commission. 2 o Examples are:  Withholding true purpose if the study (common).  Confederates: an actor playing a specific role for the study.  Fake feedback.  Contrived situations.  Objections to deception: o Moral argument. o Pragmatic concerns.  How do participants feel about deception? o Participants may actually prefer deceptive studies IF conducted with courtesy and given a thorough debriefing. Debriefing  Debriefing: informing participants about all aspects of the study after the study is over. o Essential for deceptive studies, but always a good idea and required for our psychology subject pool.  General guideline: leave participants in a better state than when they arrived. Research misconduct  Ethical principles relevant to the publishing stage.  3 primary “sins” to avoid: 3 o Plagiarism: misrepresenting the ideas or words of others as one’s own. o Data fabrication: inventing data. o Data falsification: inappropriately messing with data  An example: selectively deleting certain data. Animal research  APA has specific guidelines for animal research (only about 7-8% of psych research).  The 3 R’s: o Replacement: find alternatives when possible. o Refinement: minimize or eliminate animals’ distress. o Reduction: use as few animals as possible.  Monitored by IACUC: Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee.  Arguments in favor: o Benefits for humans and animals. o All efforts are made to avoid and minimize suffering. o Extent or cruelty is exaggerated.  Arguments against it: o No creature should suffer. o Violated the principles of justice. Publication process  When research is written up: o Manuscript is sent to one journal for consideration. o Editor assigns paper to associate editor. 4 o Associate editor identifies 2-4 reviewers. o Experts in the field. o Remain anonymous to author. o May or may not know author’s identity. o Write review and decide publish ability.  Associate editor rakes reviews and makes the final decision about publication. o Accept as is. o Accept with minor revision. o Revise and resubmit. o Reject.  Often takes 3-6 months until author receives reviews and publication decision.  Patience and persistence is key. Criteria for publication  What do reviewers and editors look for? o Significance of the question. o Interestingness. o Methods high in construct, internal and external validity. o Appropriate analyses and interpretation of data. o Good writing. A note about grant funding  Most common sources of funding: o NIH: National Institution of Health. o NSF: National Science Foundation.  Similar criteria as for publication, but the studies are planned and not completed. 5  Criteria can differ widely depending on funding agency or source. o NIH vs. NSF o Templeton Foundation vs other private sources. 6


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.