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ANT 304 Class Lecture Week 7

by: Sena Sarikaya

ANT 304 Class Lecture Week 7 ANT 304

Marketplace > University of Texas at Austin > Anthropology > ANT 304 > ANT 304 Class Lecture Week 7
Sena Sarikaya

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About this Document

These notes are over the lecture given on 10/03/2016.
Intro Archaeol Stds: Prehist
Dr. Valdez
Class Notes
Intro to Archaeology, Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology, Lecture Notes, Prehistory
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sena Sarikaya on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 304 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dr. Valdez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Intro Archaeol Stds: Prehist in Anthropology at University of Texas at Austin.


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Date Created: 10/03/16
Class Lecture Week 7 10/03 ­political organization cont. ­sanction ARE NOT laws ­sanctions are in all societies ­disputes ­argue a compromise  ­negotiation/ mediation: mutual and satisfactory agreement ­no outside party ­sometimes in bands/ tribes a 3  party involved but has no power ­in chiefdoms/ states a 3  party is picked ­adjudication: a binding issued decision  ­obligated to follow that decision ­execution of war = responsibility of state ­in decentralized pol. systems, war is NOT a method to relive pop. pressure or other  conflicts  ­farming & pastoral pop. have war most common/ prominent ­states are ever expanding ­rarely fight for food & water ­fighting for power & influence ­brings questions of legitimacy ­in decentralized systems everyone makes decisions ­loyalty ­as system becomes more complex ­> like sates ­coercion for social control ­extreme ex. police states ­short lived ­legitimacy: right for pol. leaders to rule ­based on what is believed to be important ­form of support for pol. system  ­can’t separate religion from laws ­acts believed to be sinful are illegal  ­belief in supernatural  ­reflected in gov’t ­ex. Aztec ­ex. “In God We Trust” on currency Case Study: Ta­P’en­K’eng (SE China Coast) ­Neolithic revolution: plants & animals domestication ­slow process (1000s of years) ­early Chinese legend’s greats hero = Shen Nung ­inventor of agriculture ­cultivated plants & made pottery ­wooden agriculture ­instituted marker @ noon ­redistribution ­ppl rested @ ease, cared for mothers (but not for fathers), lived w/ deer, wore  what they wove ­hunting became insufficient b/c can’t feed everyone ­> domestication ­from eating animals ­> cultivating ­plants domesticated = independently done in China st ­1  & greatest herbalist ­tasted 100 diff. grasses ­died b/c of deadly grass ­different mechanism imply independent process/ invention ­ex. foxtail, millet, taro, yam in China ­Ta­P’en­K’eng has cord marked pottery ­decorative design ­fragile heavy ­thick, grainy ­creamy to dark brown shades ­body of vessel cord­marked but not rim ­implies very little motility ­horticulture 1  as gardens ­area that is permanently humid ­marine resource ­river, lagoon, coast ­progressive fisherman ­there long enough to make observation about how to plant things ­watch how animals eat to eat similar things


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