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HDFS 202 Week 5 Notes

by: Heather Cronin

HDFS 202 Week 5 Notes HDFS202010

Marketplace > University of Delaware > HDFS202010 > HDFS 202 Week 5 Notes
Heather Cronin
GPA 4.0

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Diversity and Families
Class Notes
HDFS, hdfs202, diversityandfamilies, humandiversity, families, family
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Heather Cronin on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS202010 at University of Delaware taught by Sherif-Trask,Bahira in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views.


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Date Created: 10/03/16
Week of 9/26-9/30 HDFS 202: Diversity and Families Week 5 Lecture Notes  Changes in Mid­1880s o Separate spheres of work and home  Men’s sphere: business world; only reward is money  Woman’s sphere: world of home; morally pure; renew husband’s  spirituality/character; responsible for affection & nurturing o New concepts about women  Post­Civil War: innately pure; virtuous; frail; child caretaker; hide  sexuality; no contraception o “New Families”  Marriage based on affection and mutual respect as opposed to male  authority and custom th  Early 20  Century o Heterosexual relationships have a stronger basis in affection, sexual fulfillment,  sharing of domestic tasks, child rearing, and happiness o Medical advances allow for less child mortality and greater longevity o Divorce rates rise o Educated Motherhood  Women are trained for motherhood  Go to women’s colleges to enhance motherhood  Women should exhibit  Piety  Purity  Submissiveness  Domesticity  Only worked if it was necessary because regarded as shameful o Wife­Companion of 1920s  Tie to husband was most important aspect of identity  Instead of nurturing, had to be a sexual and romantic partner  Had to act freely to attract a husband  Cosmetics industry boomed  Birth control is important o Technical innovations lead to mass production and large­scale corporations  Less demand for child labor  Schools offer greater socialization  Women begin working more  The socialization of men and women in the workplace leads to new social  contacts  “amusement” culture emerges o Companionate Family 1900­1930  Emphasize companionship and sexuality Week of 9/26-9/30  Open affection o Great Depression  Reversal of gender roles  African Americans most impacted by unemployment  1932: 50%  Women fired/paid less  Divorce decreased  Marriage and parenthood postponed o WWII  1940­1946 highest rate of marriage  Baby boom: average 3+ children per woman  Government distributed low mortgages and grants for college for veterans  Formation of the “American Dream” ideal  Modern American Family o As availability of land decreased, people married later and had less kids o Rise in individualism  The 1950s o Baby boom renewed focus on marriage and kids  More kids o Highpoint of breadwinner­homemaker model  Short­lived o Shift in portrayal of gender roles  Move to suburbs  Women take care of husbands o Hide family problems  1960s+ o Decreased birth rates o Divorce rates increase to 50% o Marriage postponed o Women’s employment is the key to marriage: 60% working o Civil Rights & Vietnam War are key events o Decrease in manufacturing jobs  Racial/Ethnic Jobs in US o Racial group: socially defined group distinguished by inherited physical traits o Ethnic group: group with common origin/religion/language o Minority group: subordinate to majority in terms of power and prestige  Immigration and Families o Portrayed as monolithic group: “all the same” o Timing of arrival matters o Gaining immigration status requires:  Need a sponsor who is a citizen or legal resident  Need a willing employer in US  Acceptance from US government Week of 9/26-9/30 o 75% of immigrations come on family ties  Early Immigration o 1820­1880  Northern Europe  Germany/Scandinavia  Nuclear families  Farmers  Flocked to Midwest  15% of population consisted of immigrants by start of 20  century o 1880­1924  Southern Europe  Single males working in factories  Immigrants in industrial cities in northeast and Midwest o 1924+  60% of cities have 100,000+ people with ethnic enclaves (villages)  Immigration Act of 1924: closed door to immigrants; only allowed a few  based on the quota system  Trying to keep country white o Post WWII  1900­1940: 67% of immigrants are men  1941­present: 55% of immigrants are women  1965: Hart­Celler Act: abolished nation origins quota  Immigration based on family rather than economics  1990 Immigration Act: no limits on family members coming to America  (chain migration)  Modern Immigrants o Political refugees o Highly skilled professionals o Undocumented laborers  o Assimilation: move to new society and leave behind old culture o Acculturation: assimilate into new society but retain parts of old culture o Biculturalism: acculturate majority culture but retain ethnic culture  Current Situation o Racial minorities are growing faster than majority


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