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Chapter 9: Race

by: Elizabeth Notetaker

Chapter 9: Race Soci 120

Elizabeth Notetaker
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About this Document

This is the last chapter that will be included on our midterm.
Introduction to Sociology
Maria Bordt
Class Notes
race, and, ethnicity




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Notetaker on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soci 120 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Maria Bordt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 10/03/16
Chapter 9 Vocabulary: • RACE: a group of people who share a set of characteristics (and said to share a common bloodline) RACISM: belief that members of different races have unequal human traits • COLOR-BLIND RACISM: some people who don't think racism is here anymore • ETHNOCENTRISM: judgement of other groups by one’s own standards and values • SOCIAL DARWINISM: some groups/races had evolved more than others and made them more fit to survive or even rule other races (legitimate, scientific way of promoting racist ideology) • EUGENICS: study of genetics and punnet squares • ONE-DROP RULE: belief that “one drop” of black blood made you black • MISCEGENATION: multiracial marriage • RACIALIZATION: formation of a new racial identity in which new boundaries of difference are drawn around unnoticed groups of people—ideas change about what races are good and bad SYMBOLIC ETHNICITY: individualistic in nature and without real social cost for the individual • (when one chooses because it doesn't affect the person daily) • SEGREGATION: legal or social practice of separating people by race • PREJUDICE: negative thoughts or feelings about ethnic or racial group DISCRIMINATION: harmful or negative acts against people said to be inferior based on racial • category Paradox: Race has no deterministic biological basis. It does, however, sometimes have life-or-death consequences because of its power. On Mindterm: There is still segregation in schools, housing, and prisons. Now it is harder to prove it goes • on, but it definitely still exists. • Four ways groups respond to oppression: withdrawal, passing (focus on fitting in), acceptance, resistance. One-drop rule • Extra Credit: Go see movie about miscegenation court case (Loving v. Virginia) and write a paper on it Chapter 9 Notes: • Sociologists say that racism is still an issues, just not as outwardly as before. In the past, it was socially acceptable to be racist everywhere, now people control themselves until they are in like company. • Color blind racism: some people who don't think racism is here anymore • Race is a social construct that changes over time and between cultures and contexts. • Race is more meaningful to us on a social level than on a biological level. • In the past, people tried to explain other races, yet because of ethnocentrism, merely explained what supremacy. • Basically, social darwinists said for their own good, the stronger races should control the weaker ones to better themselves. • Backers of eugenics said traits could be traced through bloodlines and bred in or out of populations. (Much of the Holocaust was an attempt to get the “bad genes” out of the population.) • “Science tells us to get rid of the bad genes. Sociologists tell us that might not be a good idea.” • An application of the one drop rule was meant to keep the white population “pure” and lumped everyone else into one category. • One drop was critical in Plessy v. Ferguson (upheld Jim Crow laws) • Loving v. Virginia ended in 1967 where Supreme Court unanimously rules that miscegenation laws were unconstitutional. • Today, DNA testing is used to create people’s racial makeup to show them what races they are. It supports the notion of fixed biological differences. • Racial categories are flexible because there is no set way to determine race. It is merely how the person identifies, usually. • recent radicalization example: anti-muslim sentiment post-9/11 • Race is imposed, hierarchical, exclusive, unequal • Ethnicity is voluntary, self-defined, nonhierarchical, fluid, central, not linked with power difference (but still does have to resemble or have certain traits) • Amish are an ethnic group and a race (language, religion, history, usually white) in the US, and the jewish are an ethnic group but not a race. Being hispanic is a race. (some can be both) Chapter 9 • Irish identity is a symbolic identity, for a lot of people, on St. Patricks Day. It isn't an identity that they must assume all the time. Another example would be someone randomly saying they are part Cherokee. • Segregation was official policy of US until the 1960s. • There is still segregation in schools, housing, and prisons. Now it is harder to prove it goes on, but it definitely still exists. • Four ways groups respond to oppression: withdrawal, passing (focus on fitting in), acceptance, resistance. • A new kind of racism is on the rise in the US that focuses on cultural and national differences rather than racial ones, but racialization is the process by which this occurs (known as the new racism).


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