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Personal and Community Health, Chapter 9 Notes

by: Maddie H

Personal and Community Health, Chapter 9 Notes PHE 210

Marketplace > Newberry College > Physical Education > PHE 210 > Personal and Community Health Chapter 9 Notes
Maddie H
Newberry College
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

These notes cover the chapter (9) that will be on our quiz on Friday.
Personal and Community Health
Dr. Cruickshanks
Class Notes
Cardiovascular, system
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddie H on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHE 210 at Newberry College taught by Dr. Cruickshanks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Personal and Community Health in Physical Education at Newberry College.

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Date Created: 10/03/16
Chapter 9 Notes Enhancing Your Cardiovascular System Cardiovascular Disease  Cardiovascular o Pertaining to the heart (cardio) and the blood vessels (vascular)  Estimated Prevalence of Major Cardiovascular Diseases o Hypertension o Coronary heart disease o Stroke  o Congestive Heart Failure o Congenital Heart Disease The Vascular System  Refers to the blood vessels   Arteries carry blood away from the heart o Arterioles are smaller­diameter extensions of arteries  Veins carry blood back into the heart The Heart  Four chambered pump  Size of a fist  Function o Creates pressure to circulate blood throughout the body  Location o Left center of thorax (between the lungs) Blood  Functions of the circulatory system o Delivery of oxygen  Average person has 5 quarts of blood Risk Factors that can’t be Changed  Increasing age o Most people who die from heart disease are age 65+. WHY?  The heart is a muscle and eventually begins to give out.  Male Gender o Before age 55, men have a greater risk of heart disease than women do. WHY?  Men are typically more stressed than women  Don’t go to the doctor as often as women  o After menopause, women’s rates of heart disease increase  Heredity o Family history  If heart disease runs in your family, you are more at risk o Race/ethnicity Risk Factors that CAN be Changed  Major Risk Factors: The “Big Six” o Tobacco smoke o Physical inactivity  The heart is a muscle, which means to keep it healthy you need to exercise it by EXERCISING  o Abnormal blood cholesterol levels  HDL­ good cholesterol   LDL­ bad cholesterol o High blood pressure  Stay away from stress  Stay away from sodium o Diabetes mellitus o Obesity and overweight  Contributing Risk Factor o Individual response to stress Forms of Cardiovascular Disease  Coronary Heart Disease o Damage to vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle o Atherosclerosis: Buildup of plaque on the inner wall of arteries o Myocardial Infarction (heart attack)­ death of part of heart muscle o Angina Pectoris  Hypertension o Known as the silent killer because there are no symptoms o Screening: regular checks of resting blood pressure o Effects: Heart attacks, strokes, kidney failure, eye damage o Prevention and treatment  Stroke o Blockage of vessels to the brain  o Types of stroke  Cerebral hemorrhage  Cerebral aneurism     Congenital Heart Disease o An abnormality in the heart/heart defect present when a baby is born o Some types of CHD:  Aortic stenosis  Atrial Septal Defect  Bicuspid Aortic Valve  Coronary Artery Anomaly o Cause is unknown but some possibilities are: problems with the child’s genes,  drug or alcohol abuse during pregnancy, a viral infection of the mother during  first trimester o Symptoms: shortness of breath, trouble with exercise, a bluish tint to the skin, fast breathing/poor feeding, poor weight gain, lung infections  Rheumatic Heart Disease o Chronic damage to the heart o Result of streptococcal infection in the heart  Complication of rheumatic fever o Damage tends to occur in valves of the heart o Diagnosis: x rays, echocardiogram o Treatment: surgery  Congestive Heart Failure o Inability of the heart to pump out all the blood that returns to it  Fluid accumulation in veins, lungs, and kidneys o Caused by heart damage from other causes o Treatment: rest, proper diet, modified daily activity, use of appropriate drugs  Diseases of the Arteries o Blockages that occur in arteries that supply blood to the legs and arms  Arrhythmias  o Improper beating of the heart (too fast, or too slow)


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