Eng 325 Week 6
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Notetaker on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENG 325 at Humboldt State University taught by Dr. Kathleen Doty in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 10/03/16
Week 6 Eng 325 History of the English Language Chaucer -Lived 1342-1400 (debate, estimated to be near early modern period) -Know little of his private life; know more of public life and doings -Son of London wine merchant who had court connections--court people could afford a lot of wine -First records of Chaucer from courts -In his teens was a prisoner in France; king helped with his ransom -Mostly worked for the crown in various positions: clerk, forester, justice of the peace, court of London trade missions -Diverse experience with all social classes, different cultures and people, worked with words Canterbury Tales example of this diversity Diverse experience unique at the time for a writer -Buried in Poet's Corner, WestminsterAbbey but not because of fame Types of Chaucer Works 1. Court Romances: usually ritualized, stylized, stereotypical courtship with two men vying for one women example: Knight's Tale 2. Fableau (French): includes a joke/trick, usually involves lower class examples: Miller's Tale, Reeve's Tale 3. Sermon: teach virtue, shun vice/sin examples: Pardoner's Tale, Priest's Tale 4. Holy Lives: Descriptions of holy people; romance of them and God; journeys/obstacles to holiness examples: Clerk's Tale, Man of Law's Tale, Nun's Tale 5. Confession: struggles with sin examples: Parson's Tale, Wife of Bath's Tale 6. Moral Tract: like a sermon but written to be read instead of someone giving it orally; analytical, not dramatic examples: Monk's Tale, Parson's Tale * 6 types mixed and blended How to Read Chaucer -General sense first -If words are familiar but the spelling is odd, drop the final 'e' and move the vowels -If word order is odd, invert and look for the subject -Look at context for unfamiliar words 1. Find rhythm of verse 2. 'e' ending disappears if followed by vowel or 'h' 3. Emphatic double negatives everywhere, even triples in single sentences 4. Word elision--short form of verbs usually in dialogue 5. 'y' prefix represents past participle of a verb example: yfalle--'had fallen' Canterbury Tales Prologue -Opening 18 lines one sentence, 120+ words, but it is structured with transitions such as 'whan, and, that, do, thanne,' giving readability and structured -Features of Chaucer's language correlative clauses inversion circumlocution -Language varieties scientific terms loan words from French and Latin