Class Notes from 10/3/16
Class Notes from 10/3/16 PSCI 1040
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Max Miller on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1040 at University of North Texas taught by Gloria Cox in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see American Government: Laws and Institution in Political Science at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 10/03/16
Class: PSCI 1040 Reminders: Date: 10/3/16 Prof. Cox will post a federalism review Topic Covered: Civil Liberties by tomorrow morning Created By: Max Miller Test 2 is on 10/19/16 and will cover Ch. 3 and 4! Prof. Cox will also post the current Crash Course “Civil Liberties” on YouTube attendance grade soon! Notes:___________________________________________________ Interesting fact o The United States has only 5 percent of the world’s population but has 25 percent of the world’s prisoners o Around the World U.S. view of rights is not the same as that of other nations In much of the world, people are prohibited from many activities that we take for granted and are prosecuted for many things that seem unfair in the United States Class Poll: Do we have the right to…? o Burn the American flag? Class vote: Yes Prof says: Yes, you do have the right to burn the American flag, in fact, burning the flag is used as a proper disposal method of the flag o Use vulgar words in a political statement? Class vote: Yes Prof says: Yes, in terms of a political statement. In the time of the Vietnam war, many protestors carried signs and wore shirts/jackets that said “F--- the war!” o Practice any religion? Class vote: Maybe Prof says: Yes, if it is legal to do otherwise Using illegal substances or human sacrifices are illegal in every sense other than in a religious ceremony, so it is also illegal to partake in those things during a religious ceremony o Believe that the U.S. government should be overthrown? Class vote: Yes Prof says: Yes, you can believe whatever you want What sets us apart? o The Bill of Rights Ratified in 1791 Been in effect for 225 years and counting Starts with the phrase “Congress shall make no law…” This opening phrase means that the bill of rights only applies to congress, not to the states Barron v Baltimore o Discussed last class and verifies this fact via Supreme Court ruling o Case brought forward under the “due process clause” th th 14 amendment (Link to the full 14 amendment) o Ratified in 1868 o Defines what a citizen is, both nationally and within the states o “No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the U.S.” o “No state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of the law” th If Barron had sued Baltimore after the 14 amendment, he would’ve won, most likely o “No state may deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” Integration o “Selective Incorporation” o Some argued that the 14 amendment “incorporated” the entire Bill of Rights to the states o The Supreme Court rejected this idea The Supreme Court has however, identified various fundamental rights over the years Right to travel freely Right to vote Right to marry and have children o Some parts of the Bill of Rights that have not been incorporated to the states: 3 amendment Quartering soldiers th 7 amendment Jury trials in a civil suit Part of the 5 amendment Grand juries 8 amendment Prohibition against excessive bail or fines In class next time o Freedom of religion Be sure not to miss it! There is sure to be some good conversation