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Christian Scriptures-The Prophetic Tradition & Amos (wk 6)

by: Harry Hasbrouck

Christian Scriptures-The Prophetic Tradition & Amos (wk 6) REL 1310

Marketplace > Baylor University > Religion > REL 1310 > Christian Scriptures The Prophetic Tradition Amos wk 6
Harry Hasbrouck
Baylor University

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About this Document

These notes cover week six's material and talks about the prophets of the bible. It also covers the second exile of Israel and how God restores his people once again.
The Christian Scriptures
Dr. Derek Dodson
Class Notes
Baylor, religion
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Harry Hasbrouck on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 1310 at Baylor University taught by Dr. Derek Dodson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see The Christian Scriptures in Religion at Baylor University.

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Date Created: 10/03/16
922 Division of Solomon’s kingdom Southern Kingdom (Judah-Jesuresalem) 2 tribes Northern kingdom (Israel, Ephraim-Samaria) 10 tribes 722 Fall of Northern Kingdom to Assyrian Empire 586-Babylonians take over Jerusalem 538- Beginning of the return of the Jews from captivity to Palestine (return because of the Persians) What books make up the prophets? Former prophets 1. Joshua 2. Judges 3. 1-2 Samuel 4. 1-2 Kings Samuel Nathan Elijah Elisha Huldah (woman prophet) how they have not kept God’s word Later prophets 1. Isaiah 2. Jeremiah 3. Ezekiel 4. The Twelve A. The Prophetic Tradition Who are the prophets? fundamentally they are messengers/spokesperson’s for God Divine messages received through auditions, visions, and dreams. Message Speak the message: “Thus says the Lord" Act out the message: symbolic actions Isaiah- walks around naked for 3 years Hosea- marries Gomer; Hosea’s life is parable to God’s love for Israel Addresses the historical circumstances of their own time. The future? “The time is surely coming upon you, when they shall take you away hooks. Through breaches in the wall you shall leave”- Amos 4:2-3a God’s future- that end-time when God will make things right; “Day of the Lord” B. Prophet Amos 1. Amos, the man (1:1; 7:10-15) From Judah (Tekoa), but prophesied in Israel Herdsman and orchard owner; not a professional prophet 2. The message of Amos The judgement against Israel’s social injustice sin of Israel treating unjustly your neighbor wealthy oppressing the poor religious hypocrisy Amos 5:24 when God will right all wrongs The Prophets Jeremiah and Deutero-Isaiah A. The Exile Experience of both despair and renewal 1. Crisis of Faith- has God abandoned us?? Has God failed on his part of the covenant? Has God been defeated? There is no temple; no land; no God? 2. New Religious Identity- the exile was a result of unfaithfulness by Judah/Israel’s unfaithfulness. Salvation usually followed judgement. There is a new devotion to Torah Citizen of Judah is a Judite B. Jeremiah 1. Call Narrative (1:1-10) Formal Features: Statement of God’s presence or word Statement about God’s choosing or commissioning the person Objection by the person called/commissioned Statement of God’s reassurance Giving of a sign Acceptance of the call/commission 2. Commission in 1:10 and the structure of Jeremiah: to pluck and to pull down to destroy and to overthrow; Cos. 1-25: How the nation fell to build and to plant Chs. 26-52: how the nation will be restored C. Themes in Jeremiah: 1. Temple sermon (7:1-15; response 26:7ff) tradition of Amos- with social injustice tradition of Det History- going after gods both in Jeremiah preaching against people in the Southern Kingdom 2. Jeremiah, the “weeping prophet” (12:1-6; 15:15-18; 20:7-18) Lament prayers suggest something about faith that someone can speak honestly to God even through anger; it’s an act of faith 3. New covenant (31:31-40)(Test) C. The Book of Isaiah 1. Isaiah of Jerusalem (cops. 1-39)- the core this collection is prophecies form the namesake of the book who lived in the eighth century B.C.E. In this period Israel and Judah were threatened by the Assyrian empire 2. Isaiah of the Exile, or Deutero-Isaiah (cops. 40-55) - this collection consists largely of salvation oracles applying to the situation of exile Babylonia dating to the mid-sixth century B.C.E 3. Isaiah of the Restoration, or Trito-Isaiah (cops. 56-66)- these prophetic oracles apply to the late sixth century in Judah where a jewish community was struggling to build itself. Second Isaiah (40-55) 1. New Exodus no water; we have a desert Judah’s return from Exile is expressed in imagery of New Exodus God is going to deliver the people out of Exile through the desert just as he delivered them Egypt a. 40:1-5 b. 43:16-19 (chp. 48:20-21) Now there is pathway through the desert instead of the Read Sea, there will be a straight and level highway right through the Arabian desert. This way will carry the people home. The exodus tradition once again biomes the basis for hope. 2. Creation-Redemption Yahweh as creator becomes the basis for trusting in Yahweh’s redemptive power. Yahweh is the one who created the world; he is powerful so he should be enough to bring the people out of captivity. a. 40:21-31 3. Servant of Yaweh The so called “Servant Songs” of Deutero-Isaiah: 42:1-6 49:1-6 50:4-9 52:13-53:12 The “servant” is most likely “Israel” but a case can be made for the prophet. (other references Israel as servant are 43:10. 4. Cyrus the Messiah Persian King told exiles they can go home opposed the Babylonian empire, was viewed by the Judites as their great deliverer. Second Isaiah even uses the term messiah, that is, anointed one, to refer to him in order to indicate the divine initiative behind his mission Messiah (Heb.)= anointed one Christ (Greek)= “anointed one" 45:1-7 real acknowledgment goes to Yaweh not Cyrus


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