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ANTH 1010

by: Morgan Hatch

ANTH 1010 ANTH 1010

Morgan Hatch
Utah State University

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Week #1 Lecture #1 notes
Intro to cultural anthropology
Dr. Michelle U. Grocke
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Hatch on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1010 at Utah State University taught by Dr. Michelle U. Grocke in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro to cultural anthropology in Cultural Anthropology at Utah State University.

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Date Created: 10/03/16
Cultural Anthropology Lecture #1 8/31/2016 • Definition of Cultural Anthropology: ­ Devoted to studying human culture worldwide, both their similarities and differences ­ teaches us to look at others without judgement  • Key Ideas  ­ Culture  ­ Emics & Etics ­ Cultural Relativism & Ethnocentrism  ­ Structurism; Cultural Materialism • Simple definition of culture  ­ Learned and shared ways of behaving and thinking  • Characteristics of Culture  ­ Culture is not the same as nurture  • Nature  ­ Eating  ­ Drinking  ­ Sleeping  ­ Eliminating  • Culture  ­ Is based on symbols  ­ Is learned  ­ Cultures are integrated ­ Cultures interact and change  • Symbols  ­ i.e. In India, widows wear white clothing to mark their status  ­ i.e. In China, amongst the Achang ethnic group, married women wear long skirts while  unmarried women wear trousers  • Learned  ­ Much cultural learning is absorbed unconsciously, through observation and practice  ­ Some is learned formally in school  • Integrated  ­ Simply studying one aspect of culture might be misleading  ­ i.e. highland Papua New Guinea; Pigs + Wives = Political power. One might think if you  have a lot of land then have many pigs then you have political power. However, the case is  the women raise the pigs because in their culture a wedding gift is often a pig. So in order  to have a lot of political power a man may have multiple wives. • Interact and Change ­ Four models of Cultural Interaction  1. Clash of Civilizations; a conflict model  2. Westernization; based on model from Western Culture of takeover & homogenization 3. Hybridization; a blending model  4. Localization; a model in which local culture remakes and transforms global culture  • Multiple Cultural Worlds  ­ Within large cultures, many micro­cultures exist ­ a person may be a member of several micro­cultures  ­ Some bases of micro­cultures  ­ Class  ­ “Race” ­ scientific term  ­ Ethnicity/Indigeneity  ­ Gender/Sexuality ­ Age ­ Institution  • Culture meets human needs  ­ Shelter & Warmth  ­ Sustenance  ­ Reproduction  • Cultural Domains to meet needs  ­ Language/communication  ­ Technology  ­ Subsistence strategies  ­ Economic organization  • Emic & Etic ­ Describe two types of field research done and the data that is obtained from that work  • Emic ­ From within the social group (from the perspective of the subject) • Etic ­ From outside (from perspective of the observer) • Ethnocentrism  ­ Ethno (people/ethnic group) ­ Centric (centered) • The Human Condition bias  ­ Perceptual or cognitive biases  ­ Evaluative biases  • Cultural Relativism ­ The perspective that each culture must be understood in terms of the values they give us


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