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Week #1

by: Morgan Hatch
Morgan Hatch
Utah State University

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About this Document

These notes cover the topics and themes of Hinduism
Intro to Religious Studies
Dr. Ravi Gupta
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Hatch on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RELS 1010 at Utah State University taught by Dr. Ravi Gupta in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Intro to Religious Studies in Religious Studies at Utah State University.

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Popular in Religious Studies


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Date Created: 10/03/16
Hinduism  • 3 Religions “born” in India  • Hinduism  • Buddhism  • Sikhism  • Things of Hinduism  1.) No single belief system  2.) No founder  3.) No single institutional place  4.) No single text  • Hindu  • Sindhū river­ pronounced with “h” sound, so then the native people were called Hindu’s  i.e. called “Hindu­istan” similar to Pakistan  • Think of Hinduism as family of traditions  • Attributes of Hinduism     • 1.) Dharma­ very important to Hinduism  • Dharma­ translation: Duty, sometimes occupations, path, nature, obligation  • What is Dharma? ­ Questions HIndu’s ask to answer 1.) What is my Dharma in this situation? 2.) What is my Dharma in life? ­ Context sensitive  3.) What is Dharma? • Maksha • Liberation, release, freedom  • by pursuing your dharma you can achieve maksha  2.) Seeing the divine in all aspects of life  i.e. Brushing teeth, going to work, etc. 3.) Time  • Linear  • precious/scarce  • relative ­ absolute  • goes in one direction  • divide up time ­ minutes/seconds/hours  • Killing time/manipulating time  • Cyclical • All things run in a circle  • Seasons  • Birth and Death  • Erosion  • Sun & Moon  • Eating/Sleeping  4.) Karma & Rebirth  • Birth/death/birth etc. until you reach maksha  5.) Divine  • Polymorphic monotheism  • believe in one God that can take many forms  • Avatar  • any one of the forms God can take, can act as many avatars at one time  • Inclusive monotheism  6.) Sacred Geography  • make certain places/rivers sacred for rituals etc. • Sanskrit ­ nearly all ancient Hindu texts are written in Sanskrit  • Indo­ European  • Mātr­ mother  • Pitr­ father  • Svasr­ sister  • Bhratr­ brother  • jnā­ know  • jānu ­ knee  • vid ­ video  Hinduism #2 • Yoga • Translation ­ Yoke  • connect/link, restraining the mind  • developing mastery over the self  • Kinds of Yoga  1.) Karma yoga  • Yoga of action  • duty  • selflessly  • sake of god  2.) Jnāna yoga  • Knowledge     3.) Rāja yoga  • dhyāna yoga  ­meditation  8 Steps  1.) Yama ­ cultivating good habits  2.) niyama ­ rejecting bad habits  3.) āsana ­ postures  4.) Pranayama ­ breathing  8.) Samadhi ­ absorption  4.) Bhakti yoga ­ devotion yoga ­ devotional service  • Lover­ beloved  • parent ­ child  • servant ­ master  Want God to be  1.) Personal and relational  2.) Polymorphic  3.) Pragmatic ­ avatora 4.) Playful ­ lila • Gods of Hinduism  1.) Vishnu or Krishna  2.) Shiva  3.) Devi (goddess) • Krishna  • Favorite food is butter  • Carries a flute  • Radha is his lover  • Vishnu  • Same as Krishna  • Four arms  • Lakshmi is his lover  • More of the “majestic God” figure  • Carries weapons  • Shiva  • Wife ­ Parvati  • Son ­ Ganesha  • Nataraja ­ The King of Dancers  ­ Destroys the world through dance, cleansing by fire  • Devi (Goddess) • “Supreme Deity” ­ whom everything comes from  • motherliness/beauty/ etc feminine  • Can also be the opposite­ more powerful/angry   • Darshan  • Seeing god & being seen by him  • Arati  • Specific ceremony • Candles waved in circles as an offering to the gods 


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