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Week #2

by: Morgan Hatch
Morgan Hatch
Utah State University

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About this Document

These notes cover the themes and topics of Buddhism
Intro to Religious Studies
Dr. Ravi Gupta
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Hatch on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RELS 1010 at Utah State University taught by Dr. Ravi Gupta in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Intro to Religious Studies in Religious Studies at Utah State University.

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Popular in Religious Studies


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Date Created: 10/03/16
Buddhism  • Origins 500 BCE ­Things changed from sacrificial to emerge Buddhism  1.) Violence ­ ahimsa “nonviolence” 2.) Liberation ­ freedom from the cycle of rebirth  • Life is Suffering  • Not pessimism, its realism  • suffering is caused by desire  • End suffering, end desire  • End suffering through the eightfold noble path  • Nirvana  • Breaking the cycle of rebirth  • does not believe in ultimate reality  • does not believe in essences (i.e souls)     • Anatman  • No self  • Skandhas  • “Aggregates” • Form  • Feeling  • Discrimination ­ choices & preferences  • Compositional factors ­ (i.e. karma) • Mind ­ self awareness  • Jataka   • Tales of the Buddha when he was in animal forms, teaches morals  • Rebirth  • Passed the energy on in a patterned way, without any essence  • Mediation  • Observing thoughts and letting them go, because “that is not me, there is no me” • Change ­ causes & conditions  • The whole world is change, one thing is affecting the other  • Siddhartha ­ Goutama ­ Buddha  • Buddha  • Means awakened  • Burning house example  ­ If you wake up in a burning house, you don’t sit there and ask why, you get out. ­ the buddha relates this to suffering and asking the existential questions, you dont ask why you ask how to overcome  • When you get to Nirvana you can ask all the existential questions  Buddhism continued  • 100 C.E. ­Mahayana Buddhism emerged ­New branch Called the “Great Vehicle” • Theravada Buddhism         • Called “Way of Elders”  • Hinayana Buddhism  • Called “Lesser Vehicle”  • However this term is not used by scholars  • Theravada Buddhism  1.) Historical Buddha  2.) Independent Seeker  3.) Self­Reliance  4.) Monks • Mahayana Buddhism  1.) Variegated Cosmology  ­ Bodhisattvas ­ those who have not yet achieved Nirvana  2.) Merit Transfer from Bodhisattvas  3.) Compassion from Bodhisattvas  ­Avolokitesvara  ­“Lord looking downward” ­ He is the Bodhisattvas of compassion ­Manjusri  ­Bodhisattvas of wisdom  4.) Everyone in this practice of Buddhism is asked to take the Bodhisattvas vow  ­ You cannot achieve/enter Nirvana until everyone else has  reached that point. Bodhisattvas help people achieve Nirvana  • Alms or to give Alms  ­ Giving charity, usually in a religious sense  • Pure Land Buddhism  • Amitabha ­Infinite light ­more similar to regular views of religion  • Vajrayana Buddhism  • Called the “Diamond Vehicle” • Tibetan Buddhism  • Third turning of the wheel of Dharma   Aspects of Vajrayana Buddhism  1.) Mantras  2.) Teachers 3.) Esoteric­ pass through the gateway to understand a mantra  4.) Visualization/meditation  ­ Most popular practicer of Tibetan Buddhism is the Dali Lama  • Create Sand Mandalas as a form of meditation  • Typically in a geometric design  • sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKE wjx7dfH77XPAhUY9mMKHexQATAQjRwIBw&url=https%3A%2F %2F87046205269128867%2F&psig=AFQjCNEjmH_qW9kFc­ RWgVfUJzw5yuCbyg&ust=1475282990965672


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