New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

October 3 Lecture Notes

by: Kendall Notetaker

October 3 Lecture Notes 206

Marketplace > Texas A&M University > Political Science > 206 > October 3 Lecture Notes
Kendall Notetaker
Texas A&M

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These are the class notes for October 3
American National Government
John Bond
Class Notes
Interest Groups, political science
25 ?




Popular in American National Government

Popular in Political Science

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kendall Notetaker on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 206 at Texas A&M University taught by John Bond in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Political Science at Texas A&M University.


Reviews for October 3 Lecture Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/03/16
October 3, 2016 Notes Topic 5- Interest Groups I. The General Nature of Interest Groups A. Definition: formal organization of people who: i. Share common attitudes (or interest) on some matter ii. Make demands on others in society to promote or protect that matter  Not all groups are “interest” groups i. Emphasis on shared attitude or interest  Example: Red heads are not interest groups  Red Heads who are fed up with the jokes and join together to protest are an interest group but not one political scientist study ii. Engage in collective (political action) B. Interest Group Goals  Pursue new benefits to promote group interest  Defend existing benefits to protect group interest  More effective on #2- conservative force i. Policy change requires success at multiple decision points ii. (You must go through many levels of government) iii. Example: Affordable Care Act (Obama Care) Ever since Teddy Roosevelt presidents have been advocating for healthcare iv. Change can be stopped at any of the decision points II. Interest Group Formation & Membership A. Why are there interest groups?  First amendment freedoms of association and speech  It is a type of political participation i. Voting is the most widespread political participation (not the only one)  Most Americans belong to or are closely associated with some interest group i. Americans do not have high opinions of interest groups ii. Figure 6.1 in textbook (Percentage of Americans affiliated with interest groups) B. Why do people form and join interest groups?  Material benefits  Truman: “The Process of Government” people obtain benefits i. Tangible benefits ii. Discounts on goods and services  Solidary benefits i. Intangible benefits ii. Pleasure of socializing with like-minded people October 3, 2016 Notes  Purposive Benefits i. Transcend the individual and the group ii. Aimed at benefiting others  Based on theoretical assumption that people engage in collective action because it is rational to do so C. What is rational?  Maximize benefits, minimize cost  People form and join interest groups if benefits > costs (time, money, effort) D. Public goods and the free rider problem (Mancur Olson 1965)  Characteristics of “Public Goods” i. Non-excludability- once provided, cannot be withheld from anyone ii. Each individual’s share is a trivial contribution to the total cost iii. One person’s enjoyment does not prevent others from benefiting  Free riders i. Rational and not to join a group to produce public goods  You get the benefits regardless  Your absence won’t be noticed  So, its rational to minimize costs by free riding  Applies even if benefits of the public good > cost of participating ii. Why is free riding a problem?  Supplying public goods requires collective action  If everyone is rational, there won’t be enough participants to produce the public good  Overcoming the free rider problem i. Selective benefits  Material and solidary benefits  Available only to member who pay dues ii. Government coercion  Force people to contribute to providing the public good  Closed shop- mandatory union membership  Mandatory professional membership (AMA, ABA)  Student services fee iii. Social ostracism  Effective in small groups  And Texas A&M  The Aggie term for free rider is Two-Percenter


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.