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Week 2 Notes

by: Cassidy Kiris

Week 2 Notes GOVT 2306

Cassidy Kiris
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About this Document

Comparisons between the constitutions of England, United States, and Texas. Amendments, Jacksonian Democracy, more about the Texas Constitution.
Texas Government
Malcolm Cross
Class Notes




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy Kiris on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GOVT 2306 at Tarleton State University taught by Malcolm Cross in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Texas Government in History at Tarleton State University.


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Date Created: 10/03/16
Gov. Notes September 1  2016:  Politics:  The process by which society determines who gets what from government.  4 types of policies: 1. Extractions ­> the government is taking it  Ex: Our money. Taxes, user fees. Jail. Death penalty.  ­ Some get more extractions from others 2. Regulations ­>  Ex: Driving age, speed limit, drinking age. Education        requirements. Tests to take. Who to marry & how many spouses.  3. Distributions ­> distribution of products and where to distribute it Ex: Where schools are going to be located. Jobs are provided and  more economics.  ­ Both good and bad are distributed.  4. Redistributions ­> takes from some & gives to others Ex: takes wages & gives to social security & Medicare.  Political System:  All persons, organizations, & activities who determine who gets what from the  government.  Persons: Judges, Senators, voters, public officials. Activities: Voting, law suits, paying taxes.  Organizations: Senate, courts.  Texas Constitution:  It has designed a government that taxes less and spends less compared to other  states. Written to keep the government weak and limited.  Based on the U.S Constitution.  ­ Settled by Anglo Americans. Independent Republic of Texas.  Anglo ­> decedents of a German tribe. Today: any white  Texan.  ­ 3 branches of government.  U.S Constitution based on the Constitution of England.  ­ Spent most of their time in England before going to the U.S. ­ A commitment to constitutional government (NOT government w/ a    written constitution. IS: limited government. Government that recognizes limits  what can be done to people and what limits the people.) ­ How are these limits achieved? 1. Aristotle: thinking of how to get a constitutional government.  You can have government by one person, few people, or a lot of people.  Constitutional:  Monarchy (1 person) ­> screw the people ­> unconstitutional government  ­> tyranny headed by a tyrant.  Aristocracy (few people) ­> screw the people ­> oligarchy (Latin  American countries. To get more wealth.).  Polity (many) ­> don’t care about the law ­> Ochlocracy (Mob Rule). Solution: Mixed government. To have truly constitutional government:  have a monarch, partly aristocracy, & an institution representing the people.  (Beginning of the checks & balances way of thinking).  Gov. Notes th September 8  2016: ONLY in the TX constitution:  Jacksonian Democracy:  o Rule by the people: white male adults. Not voting for African Americans  or women. o Offices filled by direct popular direction: white males putting people in  office. o Takes power away from the governor.  Couldn’t put executives in. o Wanted to prevent a monarch.  o Today: all of the judges are elected by the people. Can’t hire or fire  anyone. o Increase elected officials ­> decrease power of governor  Policy making by constitution amendment: o Goal is to make it as difficult as possible to create a new policy. o Prevents the legislature to do bad things o Adds more steps. The harder it is to make an amendment. Redeemers:  Put in their own ideas. No gambling. TX may not have a St. Lottery. Amend the state constitution:  1. Amendment 2/3 pass in the state legislature 2. Approval in a popular election by the people Extension of the National Gov. Over Texas: Intergovernmental relations: relations between different governments. More American lives have been lost due to this issue.  EX: American Revolution  Confederation: Collection of different governments voluntary  cooperating to achieve common goals, yet retaining their  independence.   English government: viewed it as a unitary system. Promote the  wealth of England. To promote the aristocrats that settled the  colonies in the 1  place. Wanted none of the work but all of the  profits.  Unitary System: a collection of governments where the central  gov. has all of the power, creates other governments to fulfill the  central government’s policies. Example: Counties in Texas. Free, mandatory, universal education  K­12 ­> school districts.  EX: Civil War st Wanted to preserve the Union. Not end slavery….at 1 . Later to  end slavery. Federal System (Federation):   Developed by the framers of the national constitution in  1787.   Collection of governments in which the central gov. can  exercise some powers independently, & other governments  have other independent powers.   National government is going to have special delegated  powers. Delegate (to give). EX: interstate commerce, set up a navy.  State powers to tax, spend, and borrow.  o To reserve their powers they already had. Can do  anything except anything that is forbidden in the  constitution of the United States. Reserved powers. Process by which the national government began to get more power at the expense of the  states. TODAY: they have far less power than they had at the beginning of the  constitution in 1787. 1. Constitutional amendment 2. Supreme court interpretation 3. Money


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