Ch. 3 lecture notes (psych of gender)
Ch. 3 lecture notes (psych of gender) PSY 216
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mina Sezan on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 216 at University of Arizona taught by Dr. Heidi A. Hamann in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Psych of Gender in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 10/03/16
September 6, 2016 Gender Role Attributes And Stereotypes: Three Components of Gender-Role Attributes Gender role ideologies have three interrelated components: Cognitive o Example of Gender-role stereotypes Affective o Example of Gender-based prejudice or sexism Behavioral o Example of Sex Discrimination Affective Component: Sexism Types of sexism: Sexism refers to one’s attitude or feeling toward people based on their sex o Traditional vs. Modern sexism: blatant disregard compared to subtler devaluing Complexity of Sexism Ambivalent sexism inventory (Glick & Fiske) o Focuses on: Hostile sexism: Idea that women should be subservient to men Scale examples Most women interpret innocent remarks or acts as being sexist Women are too easily offended Women seek to gain power by getting control over men Benevolent sexism: Idea that women have special niceness and purity Scale examples Many women have quality of purity that few men possess Women should be cherished and protected by men Women, compared to men, tend to have a superior moral sensibility What’s so bad about benevolent sexism? Isn’t it a positive thing? Well… it perpetuates the message that women need help and protection Is all sexism geared toward women? No, but there has been less research on sexism toward men Ambivalence toward men scale o Hostile sexism items: Men will always fight for greater control in society Most men are really like children o Benevolent sexism Even if both work, the woman should take care of the man at home. Every woman ought to have a man she adores. Behavioral Component: Sex Discrimination Sex Discrimination Refers to the differential treatment of individuals based on their sex Both men and women can be victims of sex discrimination o More likely when individual is unique in a given category o More likely when group to which person belong is incongruent with the person’s role o Examples: Being the only man working at a preschool; being the only woman on a construction site The example of Ann Hopkins Price Waterhouse vs. Hopkins: Supreme Court case in 1989 o Established that gender stereotyping is actionable as sex discrimination o Research and testimony from Dr. Susan Fiske played a role in the decision Worked at an accounting firm, and was well and above everyone who was getting promoted. She however, wasn’t being promoted Being judged with her appearance, whether she wore make up, the way she walked Would that have been said if she was a man? Evaluations: needs a c “course in charm school” o Finding generally in favor of Ann Hopkins Relatively clear cut case What about situation that are not a straightforward? For example, … o Let’s say you’re in a job that incongruent with gender-role stereotypes (man as a daycare teacher) o You have noticed that your co-workers and boss make certain statements about men’s lack of nurturing skills (potential sexism) o You have also noticed that other teacher have gotten promoted before you, despite your seniority
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