ComSoc 421 Chapter 2/3
ComSoc 421 Chapter 2/3 Comsoc421
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Bartow on Monday October 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Comsoc421 at Washington State University taught by Gabriella Bedoyan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Intercultural Communication in Communications at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 10/03/16
Chapter 2 VIDEO NOTES Genetic variation among races o 85% of differences between people of same population; as much or more genetic variation between those of same race Accumulation of genes in some areas over another Under the skin we are the same Race is a social construct—Same genes so we created race to explain differences we see; used to create power hierarchy. END VIDEO NOTES. Social construction: idea or phenomenon that has been “created,” invented, or constructed by people in a particular society or culture through communication The “Other”: non-White, lower to inferior positions within the hierarchy, marking difference White Supremacy: historically based, institutionally perpetuated system of exploitation Racial Whitening in Latin America o Brazil (1889-1914) o Ideology from 2 different groups Social Darwinism—Applied Darwin’s theory of evolution Aryanism One Drop Rule: You are less if you have even one drop of sub-Saharan ancestry Chapter 3 Body Politics: Refers to the practices and politics through which power is marked, regulated, and negotiated on and through the body o Do you enact your race? How? Based on stereotypes of whites, yes. o Do you enact your gender? How? Yes: shopping, feminine hygiene Gender Difference: Physical differences in human bodies are used to construct two mutually exclusive gender categories: women and men o Gender differences are constructed in binary opposites Masculine: strong, rational, significant Feminine: weak, emotional and insignificant o How is gender marked through communication? Guys: swear, nicknames, competitive speaking (yelling over each other) Girls: Passive, use of pronouns and emotional statements o Third Gender: People who live across, between or outside of the socially constructed two-gender system of categorization o Transgender: People whose gender identities differ from the social norms and expectations associated with the biological sex (2013) Full time working women were paid 78% of what men were paid Asian American women’s earnings were 90% of white men’s earning African American women’s earnings were 64% of white men’s earnings Latina and Hispanic women were paid 54% of White men’s earnings Women over 55 are paid significantly less than men of the same age Racial Difference: Evolutionary biologist Joseph L Graves states “The traditional concept of race as a biological concept is a myth. o People think the most DNA similarities between those of same race (Latin American to Lain American, etc.) o No biological basis in the categorization of people based on physical characteristics
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