New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psyc Week 7 Notes

by: Kaeli

Psyc Week 7 Notes PSYC 101 001

View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Introduction to Psychology

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Introduction to Psychology notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Go over language and thought
Introduction to Psychology
Miki KItchen
Class Notes
Language, thought, Psychology, Intro to Psychology




Popular in Introduction to Psychology

Popular in Department

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaeli on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 101 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Miki KItchen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.


Reviews for Psyc Week 7 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/04/16
Week 7 Notes PSYC 101 Language and Thought  Thought and Language grow together  Culture would not exist without language o Definitions involve several assumptions o  Even early hominids had a protolanguage   Symbolic means there is no real connection between a sound and a meaning o Syntax­ how we arrange our language o Grammar­ entire set of what we are talking about (words and sentences)  Greater complexity of people requires greater language   Think about speaking before you do it o Thought develops before language o Language production is associated with Broca’s area  o Language comprehension with Wernickie’s area  Speech stages o Cooing  “Ooo”  “Eh”   Universal sounds  First 6 months o Babbling   “Bababa”  “Geebo”   5­6 months  Introduce many languages   Lose the ability to formulate non­native sounds o One­word utterances  “No”  “More”  12 months  Different for many, often a familiar caregiver o Two­word utterances  Two words  18 months o Sentence phase  Full sentences  2.5 to 3 years o Critical period  Lasts until 12  o Case of Genie  Locked in a closet for 14 years  Took 4 years of language training   Activated right hemisphere  All humans learn to speak o Suggests there is a genetic key for language o Sociocultural theory  Socioeconomic status  Social factors  Imitation   Issue is child­directed speech o Higher pitch o Smaller words o Emotions convey meaning o Universal  o Conditioning theory (Skinner)  Shaped and reinforced   Issue is parents  Don’t reinforce grammar and syntax o Nativist theory (Chomsky)  Genetically coded language acquisition   All have broad capacity to acquire language   Universal o Wharf­ Supeir hypothesis  Language creates thought o Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis  Language controls how you think  o All see that social feedback is necessary  o LAD must be triggered by environment  Cognitive Psychology o Cognition  Acquiring and processing knowledge o Mental representation  Structure in the mind that represents an external thing o Thinking  How do we interpret both of these things?  Concepts  o Organizing information  Works in a hierarchy  Parallel distributive process  Causal inferences o A causes B o Deductive reasoning   Specific o Confirmation bias  Cherry picking evidence  Only accept information that confirms bias  Impedes critical thought  Meta­cognitive thinking  o Thinking about thinking o Think and reflect on what you were thinking about  Intelligence, Problem Solving, Creativity  Everyone has their own brand of intelligence o Theoretically, you can increase your intelligence  Must be creative  Problem solve  Critical thinking   To problem solve and be intelligence… o Reason through the problem  o Be creative   Other theories… o Creativity based o Math based o General intelligence  IQ­ Spearman o G factor denotes intelligence o “How intelligent are you” vs. “Are you intelligent?” o Concluded that specific dimensions of intelligence correlate o Believed it was innate  Not true  Cattel Intelligence o Fluid intelligence  Pattern recognition  Abstract thinking   High people learn after doing things one time  Older you are, less you have o Crystallized intelligence  Experience based  Older you are, more you have  Multiple factor of intelligence o IQ score does not measure the unmeasurable  o Includes creativity   Music, art o One ability will move through to other skills o Three pieces   Analytical  Judging  Creative   Problem solving  Practical  Solving problems frequently and efficiently  Mindful of environment  Fluid based intelligence  Originally 20 Types of intelligence  People see little value in most  Measuring intelligence o Don’t cater to all types o Traditional measures   Stanford Binet  Mental age  How you interpret your environment  Still used (with little revision)  William Stern (IQ)  Mental age / critical age * 100  Norms for only our cultural norms  Wechsler  Compares to same age performance groups  Koffman shift  Kids don’t think the same  Functional MRI   Delivered many ways  Answers many criticisms o Idea is that intelligence is very hard to measure   Most creative people score low  Based on the assumption that intelligence is variable  Problem solving o Convergent thinking  Known solutions o Divergent thinking  No known solution   Come up with something different o Methods  Algorithm  Step by step procedure   Eureka  Insight   Sudden solution  Outside the box thinking   Trying something new  o Problems with problem solving  Fixate  Using the same problem solving method  Mental sets o Tendency to continue with the familiar  Functional fixedness  Cognitively lazy o Become averse to thinking outside the box  Creativity  o Both intelligence and problem solving o Sudden insight and application o Requires mindfulness o Stages of problem solving  Prepared  Have something to be creative about  Need to be mindful   Realize you have a problem  Incubation  Put it aside  Think about it and work on something else  Insight   Solution comes to mind   Occur in the right hemisphere  o Creative section  Elaboration and verification  Ask how to make it better   Being mindful   Increase the ability to reason o Creative people are original and flexible  Originality   Step out of the box o Try new things o Try new ideas o Geniuses  High intelligence  Great impact on their field   Look for many different solutions  Related to creativity 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.