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Art 221 Notes Week 5 Day 11

by: Cassidy_SWK2018

Art 221 Notes Week 5 Day 11 Art 221

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Roman art and the city of Pompeii
Honors Art History Survey I
Dr. Beth Mulvaney
Class Notes
Roman, pompeii
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy_SWK2018 on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 221 at Meredith College taught by Dr. Beth Mulvaney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Honors Art History Survey I in Art at Meredith College.


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Date Created: 10/04/16
ART 221 9-29-16 Ancient Rome: Republican architecture and sculpture 1. Last Etruscan king 501 BCE 2. Oligarchy is first – doesn’t last long 3. Romans are practical, fiscally responsible, use cheaper materials (may disguise it), eclectic 4. Temple of Portunus, Rome, ca. 75 BCE a. Ionic columns, but not in tablature b. Etruscan aligned entrance c. Etruscan porch d. Back columns are “engaged” i. They aren’t freestanding and are flush with the wall e. Used local tufa stone, volcanic rock i. Stuccoed over to make it look marble f. On a podium like Etruscans (not stylobate like Greeks) st 5. Temple of Vesta, Tivoli, early 1 century BCE a. Like Greek round temple b. Southwest of Rome (outside of city proper) c. Using Corinthian order d. Reliefs on frieze i. Cow heads linked by garland e. Marble columns, but building behind is poured concrete, faced to disguise actual material nd 6. Sanctuary of Fortuna primigenia, Palestrina, late 2 century BCE a. Linked by ramps and stairways b. Hellenistic, grandiose building c. Can create somethings so big by using the arch i. Barrel vault 1. Or tunnel vault, extended in depth ii. Groin vault: two barrel vaults that intersect at 90 degree angles iii. *only way they could build this* d. Concrete i. Mix of lime mortar, volcanic sand, water, and small stones ii. Inserted different small stones (shiny) to give it a decorative surface st 7. Head of an old man, from Osimo, mid-1 century BCE a. Demand for veristic (true and real and factual) b. May add more wrinkles to make them seem more wise st 8. Man with portrait busts of his ancestors, late 1 century BCE, marble a. Not the original head, but likely similar 9. Portrait of a roman general ca. 75-50 BCE a. As a general he should be virile and fit and able to lead b. But he has the veristic, wizened face to seem like a good leader st 10. Aule Metele, early 1 century BCE, bronze a. Etruscan, Etruscan artist working in republican period b. Older, mature face of rep era 11. Eruption of Mount Vesuvius on August, 24, 79 CE a. Pliny the elder observed it from a ship, but the fumes killed him b. It was ash, not lava, that covered Pompeii c. Rediscovered in 18 century d. Densely packed city e. Every roman city had a forum i. Administrative offices ii. Market nearby f. Brothels at edge of city i. Used images to tell you what services were available 12. Plan of a typical roman house a. Lived very densely b. Many had businesses in the front c. Had fast food restaurants d. Front part is most public, back is most private e. Atria used, shallow pool used under first atrium i. Larger atria in back with garden underneath ii. Romans like the countryside, so the brought it inside with gardens and paintings 13. Atrium, house of the Vetii, Pompeii, 2 century BCE; rebuilt 62-79 CE a. Usually floors were all mosaic b. Peristyle garden i. Paintings on wall 14. Roman wall painting styles a. 4 categories b. I stile i. Plainest and earliest ii. Stucco relief and faux painting iii. Polychrome marble panels iv. Makes home look more expensive c. II stile i. Still used I stile ii. Architectural stile iii. Uses architectural elements to subdivide a wall and frame illusionistic views 15. Villa of the mysteries, near Pompeii, ca. 60-50 BCE a. Maybe used for initiation b. II stile c. Maybe used for a mystery cult (common) i. Maybe cult of Dionysus d. Black strips function like columns to subdivide i. Gives a 3D sense e. Red and green are compliments and intensify each other 16. Cubiculum from house, Boscoreale, ca. 50-40 BCE a. II stile b. Subdivide wall c. Detail i. Opens small room 17. Gardenscape from villa of Livia, Primaporta, ca. 30-20 BCE a. Aristocratic b. 1 small window, nor views on unfolding landscape c. Fences subdivide i. Wooden lattice in forefront and white fence in background ii. Cultivated garden with wild growth in back ground 18. III stile roman wall painting from Boscotrecase, ca. 10 BCE a. Short, narrow wall, b. Insinuated, delicate columns c. Very fantastical d. Dark colors make it seem larger e. Tiny painting in the middle f. Utterly different from II stile 19. IV stile roman wall painting, “Ixion Room,” House of the Vetii, Pompeii, ca. 70-79 CE a. Includes all previous stiles b. Profusion 20. roman mosaic, Neptune and Amphitrite, mosaic, Herculaneum, ca. 62-79 CE a. sea gods b. roman mosaics typically on ground, this is on wall c. marble stone or glass (tesserae)


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