Social Work 216 Notes
Social Work 216 Notes SW 216
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This 37 page Class Notes was uploaded by Callie on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SW 216 at St. Cloud State University taught by Dr. Togo Malm in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see SW 216 in Social Work at St. Cloud State University.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
Notes: 8/25/16 Helpful hints: 1. Power point slides will be listed in bullet points. 2. Bolded phrases or bullet points are things that Dr. Togo has discussed in class. 3. Highlighted in yellow is homework/reading that you should have completed prior to class. 4. Highlighted in green is homework/reading that you should complete for the next class. 5. Highlighted in pink will definitely be on the test Should have read Chapter 1 for class Social Work does what? Promotes Change Enhances society by human relationships Facilitates the empowerment of people Social Workers Respond to the demands of living and promote citizens’ rights Work with individuals, families, groups organizations, and communities Professional “Helpers” Demonstrate a genuine concern for individuals and positive regard for others.Do not lie as the clients can tell Posses personal qualities that support work with others o Compassion o Empathetic o Resourceful o Approachable Value working in partnerships o As much as you want to work alone, it is up to you to understand the idea of team work and partnership because you will not be working in isolatation You are being trained to be a general social work o What is a generalist social worker? A generalist is the statement that you know a little bit of everything (i.e children, elderly, illiterate, family). You are not specialized in anything until your MSW (Master’s in Social Work) Benefits of being a generalist You are able to flex in positions You are able to be resourceful in different areas Utilizes the generic practice and processes Recognizes potential for change at multiple system levels What do they mean by multiple levels of change? o Community o Society o Individual It is understanding that certain changes cannot happen without the change of other levels Views behavior in context of social environments Dependent on your environment your behavior will be based on how you were raised Integrates direct practice, social policy, and research Social Work Goals Enhancing the people’s capacities to: o Resolve problems, cope, and function effectively o You want to make the client’s life better Linking clients with needed resources Improve the service delivery network Promoting social justice through the development of social policy o What are some basic human needs we all have? Shelter Clothing Self confidence Safety Food/Sustenance Human Needs o Universal basic needs o Motivational needs o Lifespan needs o Identity development needs o Cultural strengths o Physical environment o Social Justice o World Living With each one of these needs there are social institutions that help with each one of these needs In the book there is a section in Chapter 1 that discusses family institutions, economic, social welfare, and a few others too. What is social welfare? Well being of human beings It is an aid by the government; it is their way to respond to the need of their citizens Social Welfare Social welfare institution responds to: o The health, education, and wellbeing needs of societal members Developed countries like the United States, the United Kingdom, or Canada have social welfare programs for their citizens Places like Ghana do not have social welfare programs for their citizens Views about social welfare o Residual If you have a problem – you are required to help yourself When an individual develops a problem you have to look for your own help and utilize all your own resources first o Institutional One of your citizenship rights is that when you need help your government will assist you When you need help you don’t need to do it on your own – your government will help you (i.e. welfare program – Food stamps, EBT, unemployment, financial aid) There is more and less stigmatized than others More: unemployment, housing aid, food stamps Less: Financial Aid, corporate welfare (large companies), public roads (infrastructure) o Most ones that are less stigmatized DO NOT require MEANS Test That means that you do not have to complete a test to determine how much money you make. What are some stigmatized welfare programs? o Housing So if someone cannot pay for their mortgage because they’ve lost their job it goes from being an personal (or individual) problem to a community problem and that’s where social workers come in. Why do you want to be a social worker? Did you have the idea that you can only “help people” in some area and not another? o The field of social work is actually huge! Examples of Fields of Social Work Practice Family and Children’s services Health and Rehabilitation Mental Health Occupational Social Work Housing Information and Referral Income Maintenance Aging Services (assisting elderly) School Social Work Juvenile and Adult Corrections (Working with inmates or paroled individuals) Community Development What would be some examples of areas that you might work in if you are looking into “Family and Children’s services”? Foster Care What about “Health and Rehabilitation”? Hospitals What about “Mental Health”? Addictions clinic What about “Information and Referral”? County worker, state worker Social Work, Social Welfare, and Society Social work as: o An agent of social control on behalf of society How can we be seen as this? Social workers are viewed as people who want to prevent social problems or social chaos. If a child has a temper tantrum in a grocery store and a parent abuses their child – we as social workers step in to guide the parent and protect the child etc. o A reformer of society If you guide an individual or a community through something and they come out a better individual or community it is considered reform (i.e. an individual was once an drug addict and by the help of a social worker is now in recovery and is a functioning member of society) o Separate from society o An intermediary between individuals and society (Cowger, 1977). o You want to be an advocate for your client NOT a control mechanism of a client’s life Empowerment of Social Work Focus on strengths Work collaboratively Critically reflect on structural arrangements o It is very easy for people who are not trained as social workers to blame someone for being an addict or being homeless o But if you really look at why you are an addict, or homeless you realize that in our society life is harder than other people who are not going through those struggles Link personal and political power One thing Dr. Togo wants us to think critically about are the two view points of social work (Residual & Institutional) as well as read chapter 2 for next week 8/30/16 Helpful hints: 1. Power point slides will be listed in bullet points. 2. Bolded phrases or bullet points are things that Dr. Togo has discussed in class. 3. Highlighted in yellow is homework/reading that you should have completed prior to class. 4. Highlighted in green is homework/reading that you should complete for the next class. 5. Highlighted in pink will definitely be on the test Should have read Chapter 2 Where did Social work originate? Churches/Religious affiliation Most charitable and helpful First social welfare policy to be created was the Elizabethan Poor Laws In order for you to beg for money you need to receive a license that you are “qualified” to beg. (Worthy Poor vs. Unworthy Poor) Worthy poor (elderly, mentally ill, handicapped, physically disabled) Anyone else who didn’t fall into that category would be considered Unworthy Poor For the unworthy poor where they need to work they built the poor houses or work houses They housed everyone that didn’t fit into the Worthy Poor category. What they received food and shelter The term “able bodied” came from this – it also included children (being a single parent was frowned upon) Roots of Social as a profession National Conference of Charities and Corrections Charity Organization Societies (COS) o Upper class women who would go into people’s homes and try to teach the poor to get out of poverty o Blamed poor for being poor Settlement House Movement o Instead of the rich people coming into the poor people’s homes the wealthy should go live among the poor people o Mentality was different they were questioning the social inequalities o Mary Richmond challenged the idea of poor for being poor Evolution of the Profession Social Casework (1910’s) o Make it an individual case not a generalized problem Psychoanalytic Movement (1920’s) o Associate Social problems to social issues Public Welfare Movement (1930’s) o Prior to the 1930’s it was mainly community based – not government involved o It was the period of time that Government became informed about the situations that was going on o At this time the Great Depression was going on – We as a society had a whole new understanding of what Poverty was because we realized it could happen to anyone o Government created Social Security (1 government run program) o Social Security is the mother of all social work programs as everything has branched out from that Group Work and Community Organization (1940’s &1950’s) o Group work We can help each other when we sit down at talk to one another about the problems o Community work We come together as large group and figure out how to solve the problem Social Reform (1960’s) o People began challenging the way we do things socially Ecological Perspective (1970’s) o Lets think about the environment of which these individuals are in Generalist Practice (1980’s) o We have to change everything – not just an individual change Professional Status Flexner’s Challenge o One of the writer’s who challenged Social Workers about how do we present ourselves to be seen as professionals Greenwood’s Reevaluation o Challenged us to reevaluate ourselves and define the difference between doctor’s and social workers o We need to be professionals with organizations Professional organizations o NASW for Practice (National Association for Social Workers) In order to be considered a professional social worker you have to be licensed & with the license follows some responsibilities One of the things that was created for social workers that was created by the NASW was the Code of Ethics (Can be found online at https://www.socialworkers.org/pubs/code/default.asp) This is the “bible” of social workers o CSWE for Education (Council on Social Work Education) Responsible for creating the classes and what sort of education we receive in Social work Education They are the ones who accredit programs If you’re accredited you are teaching to a specific standard (professional standard) If you’re not accredited – employers may not hire you because you may not have been taught to the level of professionalism they are looking for Common Base of Social Work Practice Professional Values o It’s not to judge clients for how much they’re drinking, using drugs, spending money but it is how do we help these individuals into better care o These values require us to put aside our personal values when at work Theoretical Knowledge Practice Skills Tenants for social Work Practice Empowerment o Empower yourself, empower people Policy Development o Make sure we have good policies in place Professional Integrity o Make sure we have the integrity it takes for this job Resource Linage o Link your clients to the resources they need if you don’t have the resources yourself Collaborative Networks o You will do this all the time with your job it is important to gain this skill Institutional Responsiveness o Whether its our family, work, or wherever we are it is important we are responsible to the needs of our community Social Justice o Promote the social justice for everyone Knowledge Development o Develop knowledge and how can we better understand this social problem or issue so that people (or the community) will better understand o For a long time addiction was seen as a bad behavior but now it is viewed as a chronic illness Information Exchange o If something works in your agency share the skill – let other people know what works Cultural Competence o Really means that you are able to prepare yourself adequately to work with people that are totally different than what you’re used to o We are encouraged to go out and learn about things different than what we’re used to Prevention World View 9/6/16 Helpful hints: 1. Power point slides will be listed in bullet points. 2. Bolded phrases or bullet points are things that Dr. Togo has discussed in class. 3. Highlighted in yellow is homework/reading that you should have completed prior to class. 4. Highlighted in green is homework/reading that you should complete for the next class. 5. Highlighted in pink will definitely be on the test Previous class was a quick one; we completed a worksheet that went hand in hand with a movie. However, the movie didn’t work so we researched the worksheet questions online and were released from class early. For this class you should have read Chapter 3 Social Work and Social Systems Ecosystems Perspective Social Systems o Subsystems o Environments Ecological Perspective o Person : Environment o Goodness of Fit Human System Transactions Input o Resources that are available for you to select from o The input you have to have to work with someone who walks into your office is figuring out what they need and if you can provide it Processing o How the system would respond to the input Output o How the system reacts on their environment and produces a product Feedback o Transmits further information Implications of Social Systems for Social Work Regard Environmental context of human functioning Consider problems and solutions in multiple systems Understand change in one system effects interrelated systems Social Functioning How people perform roles and function in society Types o Effective We want to use our input in a very effective way Adaptive systems recognize the problem and resolve them o At Risk Populations are vulnerable to specific problems (like poverty or abuse) even if the problem hasn’t risen yet. Social workers are trying to prevent atrisk populations from happening by providing effective input o Difficulties in Functioning Aberrant or dysfunctional but the ability to cope has been diminished to nothing Environmental Press o Poverty o Poor health care o Unemployment o Inadequate education Environmental press results in internal stress 3 main levels of social work 1. Micro level Social Work Intervention Work with individuals, families, or small groups Issues o Personal Adjustment Perhaps they’re a new member o Interpersonal Relationships Disagreements o Environmental Stresses Changing the environment to what is causing your client stress 2. Mezzo Level Social Work Intervention Work with formal groups and complex organizations o (SW216) is a formal group Issues o Group or organizational functioning o Patterns of decision making o Styles of interaction 3. Macro Level Social Work Intervention Work with neighborhoods, communities, and societies Activities o Community Organizing o Economic Development o Legislative Action o Policy Formulation Read Chapter 4 for next class period 9/8/16 Helpful hints: 1. Power point slides will be listed in bullet points. 2. Bolded phrases or bullet points are things that Dr. Togo has discussed in class. 3. Highlighted in yellow is homework/reading that you should have completed prior to class. 4. Highlighted in green is homework/reading that you should complete for the next class. 5. Highlighted in pink will definitely be on the test Should have read Chapter 4 for class today. Social Service Delivery Public Social Services Local, State, and Federal Laws Part of Government Bureaucratic Hierarchy Funded by Taxes Civil Service Hiring Private Social Services Agency Bylaws May have affiliation with National Organizations Shared Management Private Sources of Income Agency Standards for Hiring Organizational Types Agencies o Deliver Social Services o Example: You work for Catholic Charities or do things for your clients Associations o Advance Purposes of membership o Provide Membership services o People belong to a specific group and you must have a membership to receive benefits. o Example: the YMCA Social Service Settings Primary and Host o Primary is the place that you practice/work on the premises where the service is actually provided o Host setting is where the service is provided outside or off the premises Sectarian and Nonsectarian o Sectarian designates religious affiliation o Nonsectarian indicates secular sponsorship Private ForProfit and NotForProfit o Really is a tax label. Nonprofit simply means that they are there to provide services not looking for profit, but that doesn’t mean they don’t get paid. Private Practice o One of things about private practice is that they are able to discriminate who they work with o It’s almost going against the grain of the core values of social work o Chapter 5 really talks about the ethics and the conflict of ethical dilemmas with public versus private practice UrbanRural Differences o Urban Pros: Easy transportation Lots of job opportunities Lots of more access to professionals Typically urban areas are bigger offices and may have more support (networking). o Urban Challenges: Lots of competition Higher rates of poverty (constantly finding new problems to solve) o Rural Pros: Spend more time with your clients Community oriented When you realize you’re going to be the individual who helps a lot of people it is heart warming o Rural Challenges: Harder to keep confidentiality Not as many resources Run into clients Hard to maintain work versus personal life boundaries. Typically don’t live where you work Funding of Services Grant o Given by government usually as a form of allowing practice to happen for a specific amount of time. But has to meet the criteria to gain the grant. You compete with other programs to gain these grants as well. Community Funds o Law enforcement, fund raisers, community drives Endowments o Wealthy put a large sum of money towards a specific cause Fees for Services o Would be something done by private practice. People’s insurance pays for Fees of Service usually Insurance Reimbursement Purchase of Service Contracts Issues in Funding Privatization o Results when government funds private nonprofit (usually main stream) companies Competition for Funding among agencies o Only so many grants are given, you have to meet the criteria and have the best chance of success to get the grant. There are many other companies competing for them too. Protection of agency selfinterest or agency turfism o Focusing on the image of the company and who you are choosing to help versus choosing to help the greater population in need Social triage to limit access to services o Prioritize needs (similar to ER) we focus on things that is really worse off Social Work Professionals Credentialing o In order to practice social work that means you have to have the credentials to do so LSW – Licensed Social Worker LGSW – Licensed Graduate Social Worker LISW – Licensed Independent Social Worker LICSW – Licensed Independent Clinical Social Work Regulation of Social Work Practice o State Licensing and Registration o Legal Regulation Paraprofessionals and Volunteers Entrylevel positions that augment professional services o Example: Like an nurses aid in the hospital, they are not actually nurses, but they help nurses do their job better Volunteers o Policy making o Administrative o Advocacy o Direct service SelfHelp Groups Over 25 million people participate in selfhe/p groups Used both separate from and in addition to professional services Format differs, based on principles of empowerment and mutual aid Research evidence supports effectiveness Premier Service Delivery Comprehensive, coordinated system of service delivery o Clint driven o Consumer involvement o Flexibility funding parameters o Broad Eligibility o Focus on Prevention o Provide Services as social utilities 9/13/16 Helpful hints: 1. Power point slides will be listed in bullet points. 2. Bolded phrases or bullet points are things that Dr. Togo has discussed in class. 3. Highlighted in yellow is homework/reading that you should have completed prior to class. 4. Highlighted in green is homework/reading that you should complete for the next class. 5. Highlighted in pink will definitely be on the test Today Dr. Togo had us watch the film that we were supposed to watch last week. There exam will be pushed to Tuesday 9/20. Questions about the film will be on the test. It is important you utilize the information regarding the following people: Jane Adams 1. She created the first Hull House 2. Developed the ethical principles – Comprehensive programs were offered at Hull House of civic, cultural, recreational, and educational activities Mary Richmond 1. Wrote the book “Social Diagnosis” & Developed Case Work 2. Founded the Baltimore Charity Organization Society and pushed for the first proper training school Edward Franklin Frazier 1. Howard University's Department of Sociology 2. Director of Atlanta School of Social Work Harry Hopkins 1. Worked for Franklin Delano Roosevelt as Works Process Administrator and Secretary of Commerce 2. Achieved the passing of the Social Security Act in 1935 Jane Hoey 1. Was director of the Bureau of Public Assistance 2. Responsible for implementing the provisions of Social Security Public Assistance Act Frances Perkins 1. Created Fair Labor Laws & established Child Labor Laws 2. Was appointed Secretary of Labor by Franklin Delano Roosevelt Del Anderson 1. Was director of Social Work Service of the Department of Medicine and Surgery in the Veteran’s Administration 2. Stressed the importance of treatment and rehabilitation of the whole person not just physical rehabilitation Whitney Young Jr. 1. Became President of the NASW in 1969 2. Received Medal of Freedom from Lyndon B. Johnson Lyndon Johnson 1. Brought on the idea of “Great Society” to challenge poverty 2. Passed Civil Rights Bill and Civil Rights Act Ana DuMois 1. Helped Create Neighborhood Healthcare Facilities 2. Leader in the movement for Patient Rights Sarah Fernandez 1. Set up the first black settlement housing in Washington D.C. Test will be next Thursday on Chapters 14 9/15/16 Helpful hints: 1. Power point slides will be listed in bullet points. 2. Bolded phrases or bullet points are things that Dr. Togo has discussed in class. 3. Highlighted in yellow is homework/reading that you should have completed prior to class. 4. Highlighted in green is homework/reading that you should complete for the next class. 5. Highlighted in pink will definitely be on the test Should have read Chapter 5 for Class The exam will be on Tuesday 9/20 Chapters 14 Chapter 5: Please note: This will NOT be on test 9/20 Values and Ethics in Social Work What are Values? Things that we believe in and give us purpose in our lives. What are Ethics? Things that delegate the difference between right and wrong, what is OK and not OK, and guides us through what we can and cannot do. It can be contradictory to your values. Values Belief systems Define desired outcomes o Can be virtually anything that we choose to believe in. Ethics Concerned with what is right Expressed as standards of conduct o Expectations that we have for people. We behave in a specific way, which we consider to be right. Micro ethics – Directs practice o Your job is to make sure you are doing what is right Macro ethics – Guides social policy o Your job is to make sure you are interpreting things correctly – not going against the grain so to speak. You have your own values and ethics and the profession of Social work also has its own values and ethics. Value Base of Social Work Focus shifts from morality of individual clients to moral imperatives of social work profession Social work values reflect beliefs about o Nature of human kind We don’t see the individual as an item we see the individual as a product of their environment o Change Never look at the individual and think there is no room for change. We cannot be morally judgmental because circumstances can change and people can change. o Social Justice We believe in a place where society makes sure everyone’s basic needs are met o Intrinsic dignity and worth of humans What does this all mean? It means that our role is to believe the best in people and help them try to change. NOT look for criminal activity etc. Value Context of Social Work Value of system of society Values of social work profession Value system of agency Values of client system Valueladen nature of personal and social problems Value of social worker What this is saying is that if you choose to become a social worker, we expect you to do these things. We expect you to place the values you have personally aside and follow the values and ethics that the social work program has as a whole. Purpose of Code of Ethics Prescribe expectations for professional conduct Guide decisionmaking Provide standard for assessing competence Regulate professional behavior Evaluate professional performance NASW Code of Ethics The NASW Code of Ethics establishes a unified ethical level of standard of which Social Workers are accountable to practice under! 6 Purposes o Identifies Core Values o Summarizes broad ethical principles and establishes ethical standards to guide practice o Identify considerations when there is conflict or ethical dilemmas o General public hold Social Work Profession accountable o Establishes universal mission, values, and ethics o Utilize to assess unethical conduct www.socialworkers.org/pubs/code/code.asp Additional Code of Ethics NASW Standards for Cultural Competence o https://www.socialworkers.org/practice/standards/naswcul turalstandards.pdf International Federations of Social Workers (IFSW) o http://ifsw.org/policies/statementofethicalprinciples/ Code of Ethics for Radical Social Services o (Pg. 116117) Social Work 6 Core Values MUST KNOW Service o Understanding that our purpose and our expectations are to provide service to our clients. Social Justice o We believe that people should be given help when needed. Dignity and Worth of a Person o The professional really believes that everyone should be treated with respect regardless of their circumstances Importance of Human Relationships o Understanding of your own relationships and not letting them effect your client’s relationships Integrity o Maintaining professionalism Competence o Understanding your place as a social worker and the situations you experience Social Work 6 Ethical Standards – MUST KNOW Social Workers’ Ethical responsibility to: o Clients o Colleagues o Practice Setting o As Professionals o Social Work Profession o Broader Society IFSW and IASSW – Ethics in Social Work, Statement of Principles Shaping Practice Service Social Justice Dignity and Worth of a person Importance of human relationships Integrity Competence Self Reflection Selfreflection is vital to the Social Work Profession! o Explore Values o Confront Biases o Develop Understanding of how your values affect practice o Recognize barriers Ethical Preference for Empowerment Social Work To Strengthen human Function and Create favorable social conditions Consider both clinical and policy dimensions Emphasize caretaking role for both individual care and social action Focus on 2 dimensions (Autonomy/Independence) See Pages 124125 (of Text for more) The test will cover chapters 14 INCLUDING the video 9/22/16 Helpful hints: 1. Power point slides will be listed in bullet points. 2. Bolded phrases or bullet points are things that Dr. Togo has discussed in class. 3. Highlighted in yellow is homework/reading that you should have completed prior to class. 4. Highlighted in green is homework/reading that you should complete for the next class. 5. Highlighted in pink will definitely be on the test Should have read Chapter 6 for Class Social work onto social Justice Want to be able to provide opportunities for others Help others so they have the same equal resources as others Also want people to get benefits Provide others to get jobs Be respectful of others culture Cannot talk about social justice without human rights United Nations rights in important because it is universal human rights and is supposed to cover you wherever you are Have protection of life with the United Nations universal rights Guarantee freedom (ex. If you are arrested in Amsterdam the United Nations will represent you). Categories of human rights The Civil and Political Right o AKA the first generation rights o The kind of rights that prevent the government from telling you what party you belong to o Freedom of speech, assembly but also the right to be slaves and to torture Social and Economic Right o AKA second generation rights o Everyone is guaranteed decent quality of life Access to food, shelter, and comfortable human life The Collective Right o AKA third generation rights The right for us all Environmental right Example: The United States cannot do stuff that will environmentally harm Mexico Encompass Humanitarian Aid Ex. When Hurricane Katrina hit, people all over the nation came to help Encompass Social and Economic Development Ex. Trading with the Philippines – The importance of connecting with others Encompass International Security Ex. Every Government is to share information with others if they are a potential threat Encompass Peace Social Welfare It is a right – provides social and economic right Provide the right to work Provide the right to obtain the standard of living Also creates the opportunity for others to have an education Some forms of social injustice Racism, sexism, etc. Basically all of the –ism’s you can think of. Three basic types of Racism Individual Racism – Being prejudice to someone Institutional or Organizational – Racism in the form of policies and practices (ex. Hollister will not let you work there because you do not meet the physical criteria due to weight) Structural – The most difficult one Elitism People with Class Abelism When you are privileged because you are “Able” to do things. You do not have a disability Social Dowerism Believe that people are better than us Social Radical Theorists Social Functionalism – there is good and bad Conflict theory – Everything is not equal and that society will thrive that way. If everyone is first, no one will be second Psychological Theory – Blaming the Victim Social Injustice Oppression and Discrimination Victimization 9/27/16 Helpful hints: 1. Power point slides will be listed in bullet points. 2. Bolded phrases or bullet points are things that Dr. Togo has discussed in class. 3. Highlighted in yellow is homework/reading that you should have completed prior to class. 4. Highlighted in green is homework/reading that you should complete for the next class. 5. Highlighted in pink will definitely be on the test Should have read Chapter 7 for Class Racial Diversity o Classification by biological differences Talking about facial, skin tone Ethnic Diversity o Classification by common traits and customs Social Diversity o Classification by group membership Minority Status o Affects socioeconomic wellbeing and cultural and social acceptance Minority Responses to Dominance: Acculturation Assimilation Accommodation Rejection Marginality Black American 14% of the United States Population Cultural duality caused by historic oppression and powerlessness o Cultural Duality – You have two cultures Adaptive strengths in kinship bonds, religious bonds, and regard for achievement Asian American 5.1% of United States Population Heterogeneous Group o Region of Origin o Social Class o Generation of Immigration o Circumstances of immigration and resettlement Values and Beliefs influences by Eastern philosophy and religion Native Americans 4.9 Million people divided among 462 Tribes and Alaskan Native Groups High unemployment and poverty on and off reservation Perception of wellness as balance of spirit, body, mind, and environment Parallel structures of tribal welfare councils and the Bureau of Indian Affairs Cultural Competence and SelfAwareness NASW Standards for Cultural Competence o Respectful and effective engagement with people of all culture, languages, classes, races, ethnic backgrounds, religious and other factors Importance of practitioner selfawareness o Foundational to Practice with Ethnic Sensitivity Religious Diversity Religion and spirituality Resources of religious community o Natural support network o Referrals o Professional services Religion and social work o Historic Role o Tenets of major religions compatible with social work Sexual Diversity Includes Gay men, Lesbian women, Bisexual and Transgendered persons Issues o Coming out o Homophobia o Adolescent Identity Development o Work Place Discrimination Social Work with Diverse Populations This side is the problem – This side is what we’re supposed to do Oppression – Liberation Powerlessness – Empowerment Exploitations – Parity Acculturation – Maintenance of Culture Stereotyping – Unique Personhood (Lum, 2004) 9/29/16 Helpful hints: 1. Power point slides will be listed in bullet points. 2. Bolded phrases or bullet points are things that Dr. Togo has discussed in class. 3. Highlighted in yellow is homework/reading that you should have completed prior to class. 4. Highlighted in green is homework/reading that you should complete for the next class. 5. Highlighted in pink will definitely be on the test Should have read Chapter 8 for class 5 Steps in Professional Helping Problem Identification o Figure out what the real problem is o Remember that you are looking for the worst or most urgent problem o Trying to figure out or realizing you have a resource available right away Assessment & Goal Setting o There are some goals that may be long term and some that may be short term o Making someone who is panicking in a situation realize that some things can be handled later down the road helps relax/calm them. Action Plan Development o Construct a plan that utilizes resources for a client and steers them in the correct direction Implementation o The client puts the resources to use Termination o When the situation has resolved or reached a point that referral is needed Empowerment Social Work Practice Builds on traditional problem solving Incorporates empowering language Shifts focus from the expert professional to collaborative partnerships with clients Applies generic processes to all system levels Engagement Forming Partnerships o Defines the nature of the helping relationship and emphasizes partnership and empowerment o Points of entry define clients (Voluntary, outreach, or mandated) o Interpersonal skills (empathy, nonpossessive warmth, genuineness, and cultural sensitivity) o Build empowering social workerclient relationships o Acknowledge clients’ privileges and uniqueness o Ethic Sensitivity Understand client’s values and cultural perspectives Articulating the situations o Discuss clients’ reasons for seeking assistance If somebody comes to you & they ask for financial aid, but go spend it on useless things, you need to get the client to a point that they realize why they’re seeking assistance o Validate Clients’ experiences You have to validate their experiences by saying yes, I understand. You cannot avoid it or bypass it. That’s the only way they know you’re not going to judge them. Defining Directions o Determine purpose for relationship o Screen for preemptive actions Assessing Resource Capabilities o Gather information to further understand problems, issues, and needs o Identify relevant cultural content and build on strengths of cultural orientation Framing Solutions o Develop Goals, objectives, and plans of action o Client goals (What do they want to accomplish?) o Workable and manageable goals o Client must “Own” goals or directions o Translate into strategies o Draw upon both formal provisions of social services delivery systems as well as informal resources of client’s networks o Explore issues of diversity (how does this affect the problem and various solutions) Implementation of Action Plan: 1 Interventions o Activating Resources Mobilize available resources to implement action plan Should be a cooperative venture (Both client and social work participate). o Create Alliances Forge alliances with support networks and resources of service delivery system. Brings emotional support to clients and build bases of power o Expanding Opportunities Develop new resources through program development community organizing and social action. Empowermentoriented social workers develop strategies to service delivery, social policy, and economic development to redress injustices of limited opportunities. Expand opportunities; activate strategies that enhance client’s participation in social and political structures of society. Implementation of Actions Plan: 2 Evaluation o Recognizing Success Uses evaluation and research to validate client achievement Assess effectiveness of programs and services. Progress evaluations Outcome evaluations Program Evaluations Formal and Informal evaluations o Integrating Gains Stabilize Positive Changes Bring closure to change process Prepping for our Paper (Due 11/3): Dr. Togo would encourage you to read Chapter 11. Paper should not be less than 5 pages but should not exceed 6 pages It is a research paper this means that you need to be doing formal research. AT LEAST 4 Scholarly articles APA Format (Times New Roman, 12pt Font, 1” Margins) https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/18/ Advice from Dr. Togo: Go to the Library; work with the librarians and the write place. They will help guide you through your paper AND your research. Try to refrain from direct quotes unless you feel as though it really helps your paper & your point. RefWorks can help you cite online. http://www.stcloudstate.edu/library/learn/default.aspx
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