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POLS 220- 9.29.16 Notes

by: Landry Notetaker

POLS 220- 9.29.16 Notes POLS 220

Landry Notetaker
University of Louisiana at Lafayette

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World Politics
Bryan P. Frost
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Landry Notetaker on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 220 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Bryan P. Frost in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see World Politics in Political Science at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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Date Created: 10/04/16
Great Britain- 9.29.16 - House of Commons (like Legislature) o All legislation is introduced o All legislation has to pass before it is accepted or rejected as law o If the party in power has a majority in the HOC, legislation is going to be passed  If the government has a good majority (tight), legislation that is introduced is basically going to be passed as law  No surprises o Not a constraint of what the PM can do because the parties are so unified o Opposition is going to be able to state opposition to the legislation  Cannot do much in terms of stopping the legislation o PM has to be sensitive to the people of his party, public opinion o Clearing house for legislation  Passage is assured on day 1 o Debates are very lively but rarely is the outcome every in question o Only on rare occasions are there FREE VOTE  Members of the government party can vote for or against the government without any repercussions  Issue of conscience o Where the government is going to explain their legislation to the public - House of Lords o As it was in the twentieth century  Three ways to be a member of the House of Lords  Good fortune of birth o Part of the entitled member of the aristocracy  High ranking member of the Anglican Church o Cardinals, bishops  Being appointed as a lifetime peer o PM can appoint to House of Lords but you only get to serve for your lifetime  In recognition of great public service or an exceptional human being o Very little power  Technically, all legislation passed in House of Commons must pass House of Lords before it comes law  If the house of lords decides they don’t want it, House of Commons has to repass it and it becomes law after queen signs  CAN ONLY DELAY LEGISLATION  Bills that have to do with bills and finances, can only hold up for a month  The only absolute power is if the House of Commons decides to extend their life passed five year, HOL has an absolute veto o Debates  Very good and vigorous  Clear up minor points of legislation  They are NOT elected  No fear of losing office  Must be a great speaker o Parliamentary Question Time  PM and government questioned about their policies o Tony Blair  Decided to abolish HOL  Shouldn’t have an unelected body in British politics  Two stages of reform  Drastically reduce size o Got rid of 90% of hereditary lords  National conversation on what to do next o Senate like system o Appointed but without power o Eliminate it all together  Problem, Iraq war intervened  HOL is in limbo right now - Courts o No independent supreme court o Court system without the equivalent of a US supreme court with the power of judicial review o Violate the sacrosanct policy of British Politics (parliamentary sovereignty) o When a law comes before the courts  Did the government follow their own law correctly?  Is the law being applied as the government said? Parliamentary System Advantages and Disadvantages: - Advantages o Very efficient of passing legislation o Very accountable - Disadvantages o Hard for interest groups to have significant input o Hard to have input if you think you have been wronged The difference between a unitary and federal system: - Federal system o Power is divided between the center and the states (national governments and the states) o National government will have certain responsibilities that are exclusively their own o States  Education  Land usage - Unitary state o Best describing GB o All-important powers are concentrated at the national or central level  Provinces and towns have very little power o Completely consolidated education system  National healthcare system  National social security Unitary system has recently been challenged by Devolution Devolution: - Starting to undermine the unitary system of GB - Refers to the fact that there are some provinces or sectors that have demanded more power (want to be able to governor themselves more fully) - Sottish Referendum independence o Scotland, Whales, northern- Ireland are asking for more power from Long o Undermine unitary system of GB British Political Parties: - Voting for a party o Individual that represents the party you want o Cannot run as a member of the party unless endorsed by that party - Two main political parties (two party system) o Labor Party  Very new party (100 years)  Started at the beginning of the 20 century as the socialist, anti- capitalist, labor party  Identified itself with the working class and trade unions (beginning of socialism)  Trying to eliminate class barriers  Wanted more public ownership of key industries  Fairer distribution of wealth  Great emphasis on individual rights and freedoms  First to advocate suffrage for woman  Advocated home rule for Ireland o Ireland should be able to decide its own destiny  Original party of devolution  Agenda got them no where  Too radical and extreme  Party for its first fifty years never came to power  Wasn’t until after WW2 that labor comes to power  Prime Minister Attlet o First labor government  Beat Winston Churchill  Slogan: Thank Churchill, Vote Labor  Did exactly what they promised  Nationalized many industries o Railroads, steel, gas, coal  Created national bank of England  Introduced a national healthcare system  First labor government that introduced GB’s welfare state  Had trouble issuing these policies  1951, Churchill comes roaring back  Greater spending on schools, roads, housing  Liberal social policy passed in the 70s, discrimination against gays and lesbians  Foreign policy  Called for unilateral disbarment o Get rid of all its weapons regardless  Tough times with NATO or their American allies  Labor has been out of power for a long, enter onto the scene Tony Blair  Tony Blair= Bill Clinton o Labor party  Power or purity  Be more responsible BUT have a heart o Wins three straight elections and brings labor right to the center o Downfall: support for the Iraq war o Conservatives (Tories) Party  Oldest political party in GB  Been the party of queen and country (like Republicans)  Almost always identified themselves with the pro- business parties in GB (pro- rich)  Tended to governor “less government the better”  Government should only get involved with things that it needs to  If get involved, do it efficiently and with little involvement (laissez fair)  Favor in freer trade and markets  Lower taxes  Against Brexit  Thought about welfare state  Didn’t like it  Once party makes major changes, you have to follow them  When your party comes to power you make laws run more efficiently and financially accountable  Big support of the US  Strong nuclear determent  Anti- communist  Big supporters of NATO Margaret Thatcher: - Different side to conservatives - Middle to right - Had enough of welfare state - Privatized lots of industries - Reduced state budget - Lowered taxes - If you get fired don’t turn to the government o Be individually accountable - Changed British politics - She said the British relied on the state too much


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