Somatoform and Dissociation Disorders
Somatoform and Dissociation Disorders PSYC 3014
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jess on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3014 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Dr. John Richey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
Somatoform Disorders/Dissociation Disorders Somatoform Disorders- Patient complains of bodily symptoms that suggest a medical problem No medical problem is actually present Differential Diagnoses The process of distinguishing one disorder from another Malingering o Faking symptoms to achieve a goal Factitious Disorder o Faking symptoms o No apparent reason for fake symptoms Hypochondriasis- Pt either believes or very strongly suspects that she/he is sick with a very serious or life threatening illness Make sure can distinguish a difference between this and a panic attack Video on youtube Clinical features: o Minor symptoms or anomalies support and augment this concern o Concerns persist despite reassurance of physicians o Many doctor visits Impairment: o Symptoms can lead to total preoccupation o Pt can become invalid/bed-ridden o Affects males and females about equally Onset characteristics: o Late teens/ early 20’s Somatization Disorder- Physical/bodily problems that do not have an organic basis Somatic Symptom Disorder (another name) Psychological cause is also nonspecific Preoccupation with numerous physical symptoms o This is where it usually differs from hypochondriasis in where there are multiple symptoms and can lead to different problems instead of one illness Etiology: The origins of the disorder are not well understood A combination of: o High negative affectivity o Biased interpretation of symptoms as threatening Conversion Disorder- Patient experiences physical/medical symptoms without organic origin Symptoms are due to a specific even or series of events Factitious Disorder by Proxy Also called Munchausen’s By Proxy Pt feigns or induces a medical condition in another person (usually a child) Body Dysmorphic Disorder- Preoccupation with imagined defect in appearance Most commonly: facial appearance