Psyc. 1101, Week 6, 9/30/16
Psyc. 1101, Week 6, 9/30/16 PSYC 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nafiha Chowdhury on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Sorensen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
Chapter 4: Developing Through the Life Span September 30, 2016 - Infancy and Childhood • Social Development - Attachment, emotional tie a child forms with a caregiver. • Harry and Margaret Harlow raised two monkeys with two different mothers. - Wire mother, that had a feeding bottle attached to it. - Clothed and stuffed wire mother, with no feeding bottle attached to it. The monkeys preferred this one over just the wire mother. • StrangerAnxiety, when infants suddenly become afraid or upset by strangers (happens from 8 months) - Attachment Differences measured by Strange Situation • MaryAinsworth (1979) designed this experiment to observe mother and child. She wanted to find the following: - Childs behavior while the mother was still in the room. - Childs behavior when the mother leaves the room. - Childs behavior when the mother returns back to the room. • SecureAttachment, the child is happy and playful when the mother is in the room, gets upset once she leaves, but is happy again when she returns back into the room. (60% of children) • InsecureAttachment - Anxiety, child is happy when the mother is in the room, gets very upset once she leaves, and doesn’t calm back down once she return back into the room. - Avoidance, child is happy when the mother is in the room, gets very upset once she leaves the room, avoids the mother completely once she returns back into the room. - Deprivation ofAttachment • Has lower intelligence scores. • Reduced brain development. • Abnormal stress response. - Parenting styles, how much control the parent has on the child's daily life (Baumrind) • Authoritarian, extremely strict, expects complete obedience, and allows no exceptions. - No social skills - Low self esteem • Authoritative, have rules but allows exceptions, allows older children for their inputs during decisions. • Permissive, no rules at all. Child is allowed to do whatever they want. - Immature - Aggressive - Adolescence • Cognitive Development - Kohlberg’s Levels of Moral Thinking (thinking process where you try to determine if the idea id right or wrong.) • Pre conventional Morality (before the age of 9), follows the rules either to avoid getting punished or to gain a reward. • Conventional Morality (early adolescence), follows the rules and laws to gain social approval. • Post conventional Morality (adolescence and beyond), doing something in order to keep society organized.
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