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Chapter 15 notes

by: libby071

Chapter 15 notes JTC 100

GPA 3.3
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These notes contain information on chapter 15: global media from the book. They will be useful for answering the questions that go along with the chapter and for studying for the next test
Media in Society (GT-SS3)
Joseph Champ; Kimberly J Spencer
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by libby071 on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JTC 100 at Colorado State University taught by Joseph Champ; Kimberly J Spencer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 10/04/16
Chapter 15: Global Media The beginning of International Mass Media:  Radio waves broadcast internationally  1920’s: Top European nations begin using radio to communicate with other areas of the  world o Shortwave radio: suitable for long distance transmissions because of it’s low  frequencies and ability to reflect off the ionosphere to create sky waves  Clandestine radio stations:  o antigovernment radio o Illegal or unlicensed o Political o Broadcast misleading reports to enemies in times of war  Indigenous radio stations: o Clandestine stations operating within the region they transmit o Today they use other media sources  Sunni operated satellite tv  Exogenous radio stations:  o Opposition stations transmitting info to areas they hope to influence from outside  the area  Pirate Broadcasters:  o Illegal stations broadcasting to British from foreign areas o Made use of advertising and music record companies o Operated 24/7 The United States as International Broadcaster:  Joined international radio after WWII  External service: service created by country to counter enemy propaganda o US created Voice of America: counteracted enemy propaganda and spread info  about the US to other parts of the world  Enemy countries tried to block these stations by attempting to broadcast  on them  Surrogate service: broadcast operations created by a country to substitute for another  country's domestic services Global Media Today:  Comparative Analysis: study of different countries mass media systems  William Hachten: established 5 concepts that guide the world’s media systems 1.  Western: combo of libertarian and social responsibility models stating there is  no completely free media system on earth   Example of where concept is used: o  Britain­ BBC founded on 3 channels that collected profits from  viewers and gave money to nonprofits and operate a public  service remit: commercial operations that limit the amount of ads  aired and provide specific amount of public affairs and  documentaries in exchange for broadcast licensing 2. Development: used in most developing countries and involves partnership of  media and government to teach people skills and is less censored that authoritarian  Example:  o farming shows in Honduras monitored by powerful businessmen  and politicians who require journalists to be licensed and can’t  produce work insulting government) 3. Revolutionary: ending government monopoly over information, organization of  oppositional power, destroying and bringing down government  (example: Polish Solidarity movement created clandestine media outlets  and western countries could broadcast to the Poles) 4. Authoritarian: cause for subjugation of media for the purpose of serving  government 5. Communism: very similar to authoritarian concept  Example: o Chinese government regulates all forms of media and must  approve everything aired  o shutdown local newspapers and broadcast stations and until  recently newspapers were unpopular due to illiteracy and lack of  supplies o Media exists to serve government and educate audiences  o Commercial advertising: way for government to earn money o Internet regulation: accounts must be registered with police and  websites independent of government control are blocked Programming:  Most of the worlds media programming resembles US media systems o US is a world leader in distribution of international broadcasting o From early on American producers made programming available all over the  world at cheap prices  Other countries could not afford to create their own programming  Ensured other countries would learn to like American broadcasts and  continue to buy them Cultural Imperialism:  Invasion of indigenous culture by powerful and foreign cultures  Form of colonization  Involves the question of retaining cultural sovereignty in the face of rapid globalization of  mass media  MacBride report: created by UNESCO to relieve stress of cultural imperialism  o Individual nations should control news/ entertainment that enters their countries o Monitor and license foreign journalists o Require government approval for direct media transmissions into foreign  countries o Western countries rejected these ideas  Convention on the protection and promotion of diversity of cultural expressions: o Countries can produce quotas to protect their media  o Protect other countries cultural heritage from US media  Global village: the world as a one giant community or culture connected by  telecommunications as we become more economically interconnected o Should be little fear of cultures fading out because of media  Example: european language versions of Jeopardy  o Opposition:   “new cold war” of hollywood/mcdonald's culture vs every other world  culture  Fear of worldwide democracy: much of the media supplied by giant for  profit corporations 


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