Chapter 15 notes
Popular in Media in Society (GT-SS3)
Popular in Department
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by libby071 on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JTC 100 at Colorado State University taught by Joseph Champ; Kimberly J Spencer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
Reviews for Chapter 15 notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/04/16
Chapter 15: Global Media The beginning of International Mass Media: Radio waves broadcast internationally 1920’s: Top European nations begin using radio to communicate with other areas of the world o Shortwave radio: suitable for long distance transmissions because of it’s low frequencies and ability to reflect off the ionosphere to create sky waves Clandestine radio stations: o antigovernment radio o Illegal or unlicensed o Political o Broadcast misleading reports to enemies in times of war Indigenous radio stations: o Clandestine stations operating within the region they transmit o Today they use other media sources Sunni operated satellite tv Exogenous radio stations: o Opposition stations transmitting info to areas they hope to influence from outside the area Pirate Broadcasters: o Illegal stations broadcasting to British from foreign areas o Made use of advertising and music record companies o Operated 24/7 The United States as International Broadcaster: Joined international radio after WWII External service: service created by country to counter enemy propaganda o US created Voice of America: counteracted enemy propaganda and spread info about the US to other parts of the world Enemy countries tried to block these stations by attempting to broadcast on them Surrogate service: broadcast operations created by a country to substitute for another country's domestic services Global Media Today: Comparative Analysis: study of different countries mass media systems William Hachten: established 5 concepts that guide the world’s media systems 1. Western: combo of libertarian and social responsibility models stating there is no completely free media system on earth Example of where concept is used: o Britain BBC founded on 3 channels that collected profits from viewers and gave money to nonprofits and operate a public service remit: commercial operations that limit the amount of ads aired and provide specific amount of public affairs and documentaries in exchange for broadcast licensing 2. Development: used in most developing countries and involves partnership of media and government to teach people skills and is less censored that authoritarian Example: o farming shows in Honduras monitored by powerful businessmen and politicians who require journalists to be licensed and can’t produce work insulting government) 3. Revolutionary: ending government monopoly over information, organization of oppositional power, destroying and bringing down government (example: Polish Solidarity movement created clandestine media outlets and western countries could broadcast to the Poles) 4. Authoritarian: cause for subjugation of media for the purpose of serving government 5. Communism: very similar to authoritarian concept Example: o Chinese government regulates all forms of media and must approve everything aired o shutdown local newspapers and broadcast stations and until recently newspapers were unpopular due to illiteracy and lack of supplies o Media exists to serve government and educate audiences o Commercial advertising: way for government to earn money o Internet regulation: accounts must be registered with police and websites independent of government control are blocked Programming: Most of the worlds media programming resembles US media systems o US is a world leader in distribution of international broadcasting o From early on American producers made programming available all over the world at cheap prices Other countries could not afford to create their own programming Ensured other countries would learn to like American broadcasts and continue to buy them Cultural Imperialism: Invasion of indigenous culture by powerful and foreign cultures Form of colonization Involves the question of retaining cultural sovereignty in the face of rapid globalization of mass media MacBride report: created by UNESCO to relieve stress of cultural imperialism o Individual nations should control news/ entertainment that enters their countries o Monitor and license foreign journalists o Require government approval for direct media transmissions into foreign countries o Western countries rejected these ideas Convention on the protection and promotion of diversity of cultural expressions: o Countries can produce quotas to protect their media o Protect other countries cultural heritage from US media Global village: the world as a one giant community or culture connected by telecommunications as we become more economically interconnected o Should be little fear of cultures fading out because of media Example: european language versions of Jeopardy o Opposition: “new cold war” of hollywood/mcdonald's culture vs every other world culture Fear of worldwide democracy: much of the media supplied by giant for profit corporations
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'