Psyc.1101, Week 7, 10/03/16
Psyc.1101, Week 7, 10/03/16 PSYC 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nafiha Chowdhury on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Sorensen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
Chapter 5: Sex, Gender, and Sexuality October 3, 2016 - Gender Development • Sex, the biologically influenced characteristics by which people define males and female. Biological (XX or XY anatomy) • Gender, the socially influenced characteristics by which people define men and women. Cultural/Experiential Roles. - Roles, expectation society has about a social position. - How are we alike? • Each of us receive 23 chromosomes from our mother and 23 chromosomes from our father. Of those 46 chromosomes, 45 are unisex. - The Nature of Gender • Biology influences gender: - Genetically, males and females have differing sex chromosomes. - Physiologically, males and females have differing concentrations of sex hormones, which trigger other anatomical differences. • Prenatal Sexual Development - 23rd Chromosome pair: • Mother gives child X chromosome • Father gives child X or Y chromosome. • XX (GIRL) XY(BOY) - 7 weeks after conception, a single gene on the Y chromosome, triggers the testes (Gonad) to develop and produce testosterone. • Testosterone, both male and female have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs. • Puberty, period of sexual maturation, during this time a person becomes capable of reproducing. - Girls aged 11, Boys aged 12 - Primary Sex Characteristics, the body structures (ovaries, testes, and external genitalia) that makes sexual reproduction possible. Things absolutely necessary in order to reproduce. - Secondary Sex Characteristics, nonproductive sexual traits such as female breast and hips, male voice quality, and body hair. Things that typically happen to males and females. • Disorder of Sexual Characteristics, a condition present at birth that involves unusual development of sex chromosome and anatomy. Having physical characteristics that are neither male or female. - The Nurture of Gender • Gender Roles, a set of expected behaviors, attitudes, and traits for males and females. Things that are normal for males and females in the society that are taught at a young age. • Gender Identity, our sense of being male, female, or a combination of the two. The gender you feel most comfortable with. • How do we learn gender? - Social Learning Theory, we learn social behavior by observing and imitating other and by being rewarded or punished. - Gender Schemas, organizes our experiences of male-female characteristics, and help us think about our gender identity. • Transgender, people whose gender identity differs from that associated with their birth sex. Gender identity is opposite of their biological sex.
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