INR2001: Chapter 1 (International Relations Theory)
INR2001: Chapter 1 (International Relations Theory) INR2001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ingrid Wu on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to INR2001 at University of Florida taught by Dr. Seldan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
INR2001 – Chapter 1 Lecture Notes (Complexity/Competing Processes) I. OVERVIEW a. Big Themes in International Relations b. Conflict or cooperation c. Globalization or Fragmentation d. Anarchy or Order II. Conflict or Cooperation a. Major actors in conflicts b. States fighting other states c. States fighting rebellions within the state d. Conflict between non state actors i. Afghanistan - the fighting is usually between Taliban and us gov 1. Usually between small pockets of people fighting over land, water 2. Very muddy e. Not all conflict is between states, much if not most is below the level of state conflict f. Conflict may be driven by many interests - ethnic conflict, material resources, land etc. III. Cooperation a. Lots of conflict but also a lot of cooperation i. EX: WW1 French soldiers helping German - reps from both states sat around table crafting poli/military alliance b. A lot of cooperation focuses on ECONOMIC issues i. Usually because BOTH of them GAIN ii. If you drop problems - everyone makes more money c. But everyone tries to cheat you - but can always recover i. But if cheating on security - may lose and not recover d. Is cooperation or conflict the natural state? i. Cannot always trust people so build institutions to monitor and force agreements = more natural cooperation IV. Globalization and Fragmentation a. Globalization - the speed and ease, low cost of interconnectedness i. Ex: Communication 1. In 1980 had to dial, get operator, international operator, wait for them, and then connect. EXPENSIVE - $1 a minute 2. TODAY: Facetime, FREE ii. Technology - computers 1. Created in US/Japan, manufactured in South Asia, assembled in Mexico b. What does globalization mean for international relations? i. More interdependence 1. China/US on South China Sea - BOTH are economically interdependent c. Cultural aspects of globalization, both positive and negative i. Broadcasting shows and TV in other countries d. Is globalization a new phenomena? i. NOPE, not brand new - however - is more intense, uniform, widespread, and different communication and MORE INTERDEPENDENT V. Negatives of Globalization a. 1918 Spanish Flu - killed 150 million people around the world i. Because of WW1 - soldiers travelled to diff countries and travelled home ii. If today, it would spread A LOT faster VI. Fragmentation a. Europe - integration into Euro Union has diminished power of national governments i. Ex: cross borders in Europe - NO BORDER CONTROL ii. Agreement to allow free travel along borders iii. Makes the capitals of European countries to have LESS power b. Regional identities have become stronger : ex devolution in Scotland and Wales c. NOT all fragmentation is peaceful i. Yugoslavia d. Globalization can lead to integration but also fragmentation e. Globalization can also facilitate smuggling and international crime VII. Anarchy and Order a. Anarchy - free for all, no SINGLE authority to control b. In international system, NO authority HIGHER than the state i. They cooperate, there are guidelines, but there is no one to enforce law. c. Difference between order inside states and anarchy in international system. i. No single enforcement inside a state or control international order 1. EX: Russia wanted Crimea from Ukraine - no one to stop this ii. Ex: go back home and see a shady neighbor, get drunk, shoots around - so you call the police 1. NORTH KOREA 2. Response : attempt to moderate and blame them, but NO ability to stop them from a different state d. Events happen simultaneously i. Ex: Mainland China and Taiwan - has lots of political disputes 1. But very successful ECONOMIC exchange ii. Conflict and cooperation are not mutually exclusive
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