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INR2001: Chapter 2 (Levels of Analysis)

by: Ingrid Wu

INR2001: Chapter 2 (Levels of Analysis) INR2001

Marketplace > University of Florida > Political Science > INR2001 > INR2001 Chapter 2 Levels of Analysis
Ingrid Wu

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Lecture notes on levels of analysis
Introduction to International Relations
Dr. Seldan
Class Notes
International, relations
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ingrid Wu on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to INR2001 at University of Florida taught by Dr. Seldan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at University of Florida.

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Date Created: 10/04/16
INR2001 – Chapter 2 Lecture Notes (Levels of Analysis) I. Levels of Analysis a. Systemic level i. Broadcast level, looks at the structure of the international system to explain broad flow of events ii. May be able to predict future activities iii. Generalized - b. Domestic Level i. Looks at what happens inside states to explain events ii. Distinctions 1. Ex: China has different government and history than Brazil a. How can you compare them? c. Individual level i. Looks at individual leaders and their motivations, psychology seen as important 1. Ex: CIA has a system to analyze individual political leaders a. Their psychology II. Ex: Physics a. Some people focus on broader topics - overall structure of universe i. Big picture - the forces that generate pressure on all states - a commonality III. Systemic Level a. Treats states as unitary, rational actors i. Ex: its survival, expansion of its own power ii. Rational - its preferences are predictable 1. Pref built upon maintenance of power b. How state’s relationships and behaviors can be explained by the nature of the international system c. The anarchic structure of the international system d. States exist in a zero sum world i. Your loss is my gain e. Prisoner’s Dilemma - game theory model to explain why states will often fail to cooperate even if they might want to i. Afraid they will be CHEATED ii. Because no higher authority to control - they might be cheated IV. Domestic Level a. Physics - focus on a specific planet b. What goes on inside the state is important c. Focus on character of the state (e.g. democratic or authoritarian) i. When, why, how d. Bureaucratic politics inside the state might be important as well i. Lots of competition 1. Rivalries between military systems 2. Resources and power within states e. Domestic politics also an important variable i. Political culture - specific culture and how they behave ii. Lobbies f. Not Parsimonious V. Individual Level a. Physics - subatomic level - rules no longer apply b. Individual Leaders Psychology - how they seek reward, their history i. Risk Taking Behavior - people are more risk accepting under certain situations ii. Groupthink - follow certain idea, general consensus to avoid conflict iii. Recency Effect - people tend to remember the last thing discussed iv. Framing - People tend to go toward the middle object 1. VP to Nixon would frame: 1. Nuclear War 2. Brilliant Plan 3. Surrender VI. Levels of Analysis Applied a. World War I i. Systemic Level 1. Concerned about balance of power, complicated alliance system led Europe to war 2. Russia had Serbia (ally) which got into fight to Austria Hungry (allied to Germany) 3. Germany/France/Russia has alliance a. Germany in pickle - did not want to go to war with either France (more modern but small) or Russia b. Backdoor - neutral Belgium (because of England) ii. Domestic Level 1. States had domestic political reasons for wanting a war a. States didn’t have to suck themselves into it i. Could’ve made different choices 2. Ex: Russia 1914 a. A war for mother Russia would unite the people, direct energy towards a common enemy i. War is NOT a bad idea 3. Ex: France/Germany a. Occupied by Germany since 1871 b. In WW1, now France can get their power back iii. Individual Level 1. German Leadership a. Declining position relative to other states and needed to strike now to preserve itself i. Doomed to lose ii. Take risk NOW iii. Bc surrounded by states of power (France/Russia) 2. Keiser Wilhelm a. Physical deformities, weaker person, always seeking to prove himself


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