Notes for Week 6
Notes for Week 6 1311
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SOCI 1311 - 004
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Belma Radoncic on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Dorthy, Kalanzi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Sociology in Sociology at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
Deviance Recognized violation of cultural norm Deviant actions cause us to regard another person as an “outsider” Crime is one category of deviance o The violation of a society’s formally enacted criminal law Social Control Deviance calls for social control o Attempts by society to regulate people’s thoughts and behaviors Social Theories of Deviance Structural Functionalists Conflict Theorists Symbolic Interactionists Structural Functional Analysis These theories talk about the functions of deviance Examples of structural functionalists: Emile Durkheim, Robert Merton Durkheim’s 4 Functions of Deviance o Deviance affirms cultural values and norms o Responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries o Responding to deviance promotes social unity o Deviance encourage change Because of the functions of deviance, Durkheim concluded that deviance is necessary for society What Causes Deviance? Merton’s Strain Theory o Deviance results from strain o Ex. The “strain” caused by society’s push to success (the American Dream) without providing all members the means to get the dream. o What drives people into crime is strain from trying to achieve the cultural goal and lack of access to sufficient means to acquire the same goal o Merton indicated that people respond to this strain differently, creating different kinds of deviants Innovators Accept conventional means and accept cultural goals Ritualists Accept conventional means but reject cultural goals Ex. Cashiers, clerks Retreatists Reject conventional means and reject cultural goals Ex. Homeless, addicts Rebels Seeks new goals through new means Ex. Revolution Sutherland’s Differential Association Theory According to Sutherland, deviant behavior is learned If one associates with deviants, he/she is more likely to take part in it Associate may reward you for conforming, or punish you for distancing yourself Hirschi’s Control Theory What controls us is the imagination of consequences for our behavior 4 Types of Social Controls o People with strong attachments usually conform to good behavior (ex. Good parents, community) o People that have strong belief in morality and respect for authority o People that have strong commitment to others (Ex. Family commitment) o Involvement in extracurricular activities also deters deviant behavior Gender and Deviance The world applies more normative controls to females as opposed to men
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