Cognitive Psychology 2101 Week 6 Notes (10/4)
Cognitive Psychology 2101 Week 6 Notes (10/4) PSY 2101 - 001
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Asmaa Abdullah on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2101 - 001 at Temple University taught by Pamela J. Shapiro (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see FOUNDATIONS OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY in Psychology (PSYC) at Temple University.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
10/4: Practice ● Why does practice improve performance? ○ Complex tasks can create problems in divided attention. ○ Practice makes automatic ○ More practice → fewer cognitive resources ○ More automatic → executive control and response selector and not needed as much ○ Controlled tasks ■ Novel ■ Require flexibility in approach ■ Require attention (not possible to multitask here) ○ Automatic tasks ■ Well practiced ■ Do not require flexibility ■ Require little to no attention (can multitask if the other task doesn’t require same cognitive resources) Automaticity ● Downside: ○ Difficult for participant to override an automatic response ■ Stroop task ● Demonstrates high automaticity of reading ● ((name the color no the word e.g. red-colored word but it reads blue → you are supposed to say red)) or ((identify the number of items in a row, not the number written e.g. 44 → there are 2 items, not 4)) ● Failures of executive control result in ○ Perseveration: persistent repetition of a response or strategy, even in the face of negative feedback ○ Goal neglect: relying on habitual responses that are contrary to the goals of a particular task
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