PSYCH Critical Thinking Week 5 Notes
PSYCH Critical Thinking Week 5 Notes Psyc 130
Long Beach State
Popular in Critical Thinking
Popular in Psychology
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Camryn Hohneker on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 130 at California State University Long Beach taught by Judy Quon in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Critical Thinking in Psychology at California State University Long Beach.
Reviews for PSYCH Critical Thinking Week 5 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/04/16
PSY Week 5 Thought and Knowledge (H3) Is language a tool or master of thought? o Both. o Use language to make our thoughts known (tool) Our skill at this varies o Language also influences our thoughts (master) o So, language and thought influence each other Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis of Linguistic Relativity Language determines or influences of thought o Determines=a specific cause of thought o Influences=maneuvers thought toward something Extreme interpretation is no word for a thought, then the thought does not exist-DISAGREE o Ex. More words in Chinese-Chinese have more thoughts? No. Applications of Language (not in text): o 1. Description (neutral): conveys sensory experiences of situation; facts, neutral information Conveys: describes Sensory experiences: event that an individual is involved in that involves one or more or their senses Situation: context of the event of sensory experiences Ex. Ann tells her friend about her first basketball game. Anne saw tall guys running up and down the basketball court with different guys bouncing and throwing around an orange basketball. Ann hears the referee blow is whistle that temporarily stopped the game. Ann is in the situation of seeing a basketball game for the first time. Anne tells her friend about her sensory experiences of seeing many men run back and forth on a court, with some men dribbling as well as throwing the basketball to one another, and hearing the sounds of a whistle blow. o 2. Personal Communication: conveys one’s meaning of situation Feelings, reactions, opinions, etc. Ex. Ann tells her friend about her first basketball game. Anne saw tall guys running up and down the basketball court with different guys bouncing and throwing around an orange basketball. Ann hears the referee blow is whistle that temporarily stopped the game. Ann was in the situation of watching her first basketball game. Ann conveys to her friend by telling Sue what the situation meant to her. Ann was amazed at the fast speed of running, the aggressive fight or the ball, and the power of the referee has to stop all these movements by simply blowing a whistle o 3. Beneficial Communication: helpful information for the receiver Ex. Anne’s friend Sue has to buy uniforms for each of her children who can only wear uniforms to school. But, Sue doesn’t have enough money to buy all the uniforms. Ann tells Sue about the coupon that Ann found online for 30% off the entire purchase. Ann tells her friend Sue the information about the 30% off online coupon. Sue, the receiver of the information, has to buy school uniforms for her kids but she is short on cash. This coupon is helpful because it will reduce Sue’s clothing experiences. o 4. Manipulative Communication: information beneficial for presenter and unfavorable for receiver Ex. Salesman Kurt shows the young family brochures of beautiful condos located in different places around the world. The timeshare condos give owners the right to stay for two weeks every year for any location. Kurt earns money from selling the timeshare. The family knows the payments will be hard to make. The brochure information of beautiful timeshare condos with ownership annual two weeks in locations around the world benefits the presenter, salesmen Kurt, if it results in a sale. This information is unfavorable for the recipient, a young family, because they can’t afford the payments long-term. 6 Rules of Clear Communication (read and take notes from book H3) o Rule 1: Tell listeners what you believe they want to know- o Rule 2: Don’t tell listeners what they already know o Rule 3: Vary the style of your communication, depending upon the knowledge, age, and status of the listeners o Rule 4: Tell the truth o Rule 5: Use simple, straightforward style o Rule 6: Use context and manner to clarify meaning Denotations: dictionary meaning of words o New meanings can be added, reflect societal changes o Definition influences perception Connotations: suggested, implied meanings of words o Reflect cultural/societal values/beliefs o May become the definition Ex. You’re the bomb! Semantics: meaning of words-denotation and connotations Syntax: grammar, punctuation, word order, sentence structure o Don’t eat grandpa. o Don’t eat, grandpa. Language that Conjures an Image or Influences Thought Colorful language: descriptive words used to elicit vivid, visual imagery o Ex. Ron heard the commercial for Clean Toothpaste with the following description: “The sun sparkled off her pearly white teeth that accentuated her full, luscious, red lips and deep blue pools of her expressive eyes.” Ron sees a woman with white teeth, big red lips, and big blue eyes in his mind all day. o The descriptive words of “sun sparkled off her pearly white teeth” and “full luscious red lips” and “deep blue pools” of eyes elicits by bringing up I Ron’s mind a visual imagery or picture of the woman’s face that lasted all day. Asymmetry Description: different words used to describe same situations of different types of people o Sex, race, age, etc. o Ex. Dan is 50 pounds overweight and is described as husky, hungry, a buff. Eva is 50 pounds overweight and is described by the same people as obese, gross, and flabby. o Dan and Eva are in the same situation of 50 pounds overweight. Etc., Eva is described such as “obese, gross and flabby” and different words of “husky, hungry, and buff” are used to describe Dan. Eva and Dan are different types of people based on their sex, Eva is a woman and Dan is a man. o This description misleads thought because Eva is viewed more negatively than Dan when they are the same amount of pounds overweight and both should be viewed the same. Loaded Language: specific word(s) used to influence receiver toward a strong specific view (positive or negative) o Ex. People on welfare are freeloaders. o Specific word of “freeloaders” is used to influence the receiver (students) toward a specific thought that welfare recipients are leeches who suck money from the welfare system and give nothing in return. o This strong description misleads thought because the receiver will tend to adopt this specific view rather than evaluate the reasons that people may have for going on welfare Ambiguous: a word has multiple meanings but context lacks information for intended meaning. o Ex. Mary had a little lamb. o The word “had” has multiple meanings of own, ate, and gave birth. The context lacks information for intended meaning because the sentence is missing ay information related to owning, eating, or giving birth. o This statement misleads thought because the receiver may interpret a different meaning for “had” than the speaker intended. Vagueness: word(s) lacks precision for understanding; o Used to express degrees of belief (probably, maybe, most likely) o Problem when interpreted to mean “definitely” o Ex. My daughter is talented. o The word is “talented” and lacks precision for understanding because the area of talent is omitted from the sentence o This statement misleads thought because the receiver can interpret a different area of talent than intended by the presenter. Reification: something abstract is named and erroneously treated as concrete object Bureaucratese: unfamiliar words/language intentionally used to people who lack training to restrict understanding. o Differ from technical terms
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'