American National Government week 5
American National Government week 5 790:201:02
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by toni jones on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 790:201:02 at Rutgers University taught by Dr. Samuels in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see American National Government and Politics in Political Science at Rutgers University.
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Date Created: 10/04/16
political party: a group of potilical activist who organize to win elections operat the government and determine public policy functions the parties perform Political party a group of political activist who organize to win elections operate the government and determine public policy Factions : smaller groups trying to obtain power or benefits subgroups within parties No permanent organizations Political parties v interest groups Political parties run government Select candidates under their labels accept responsibility for when something goes wrong Multiple issues Tends to blur issues Interest groups influences government Support candidates Often a. Single issue Tends to sharpen issues three components of a party partyinelectorate: all of those affiliated with a party party organization = provides the structural framework for the political party by recruiting volunteers to become party leaders, identifying potential candidates, and organizing caucuses, conventions, and elections campaigns for its candidate the national convention, the state party organization, local party organizations party in government = consists of elected and appointed officials who identify with a political party parties to organize and control government, suggest appointed individuals divided government = the executive and legislative branches controlled by different parties ticket splitting, rising since 1952: trust or weakness in party identification limits of party unity = voting in congress rarely strictly by party line, candidate centered elections, out of line (tea party) party polarization= safe seats via redistricting, election process, polarization in the american public Functions of political parties recruit candidates for political office Organize and run elections Present alternative politics to electorate Accept responsibility for operating government Provide organized opposition to the party in power History of US political parties creation of parties (17891816) the development of the parties first resisted by washington and jefferson One party rule (18161838) Jackson to pre civil war (18281860) Civil war post civil war (18601896) Republican progressive period (18961932) New deal period (19331968) Modern period (1968now) Federalist/ anti federalist (17891816) first partisan division before constitution adopted Emergence of two parties Federalist (adams) included john adams, the second president, they represented commercial interest such as merchants and large lanters and supported a strong national government Jeffersonian republicans (Jefferson) anti federalist= Thomas Jefferson led this party, which emerged from the thought tradition of the antifederalist and came to be the republicans . they represented artisans and farmers and strongly supported states rights Era of good feelings (18161828) Era of personal politics when James Monroe was president and had essentially no opposition National two party rule: Whigs and democrats ( 18281860) Republican Party splits= election of 1824, return to two parties with the election of JOHN QUINCY ADAMS as president the democratic republican party split into two entities National republican / Whigs followers if John Quincy Adams the national republicans later took this name that had traditionally been used by British liberals it was formally established in 1836 and was anti Jackson and represented a variety of regional interest. they stood for federal spending on internal improvements such as roads Democrats ( followers of Andrew Jackson) formed by the followers of Andrew Jackson who defeated Adams in 1828. tis party favored personal liberty and opportunity for the common white man Jacksonian democrats : " common man" Mass campaigns rallied parades begin the third party systems = republicans rise to power and the civil war (18601896) slavery modern republican party rum, romanticism and rebellion the triumph of the republicans fourth party system: the progressive interlude and republican dominance Progressive interlude (18961932) spirit of political reform in both parties which was compunded by a fear of growing powers of great corporations and a belief that honest impartial government could regulate the economy effectively progressivism woodrow wilsons progressivism maked the beginning of a radical change in the democractic polices. under wilson, the democracts became for the first time at least as receptive as the republicans to government action in the economy Republican Party temporarily splits leading to bull moose party Democrats gain power the fifth party system the new deal and democratic dominance New deal era (19321986) the great depression: president hoover in office at the start of the depression and opposed federal relief for the unemployed and destitute. in 1932 democrat franklin roosevelt was elected president. democrats began to make major interventions into the economy to combat the depression. roosevelt's new deal relief programs were open to all citizens black and white as a result, african americans began to support the democract party in large numbers and women were also courted to join the large electoral coalition changing party make up democrats bring broad relief programs and attract new coalition a post party system era between elections of 1968 and 2014 the presidency, the house of reps and the senate were simultaneously controlled by a single party only about one third of the itme Era divided government (modern) shifting majorities 2000 presidential election Red v blue states Brings general distrust of electoral Parties in relative balance Partisanship in 2012 elections Two major parties today Democrats social welfare spending Supports government regulation of business Government regulation of economy Cultural liberalism Equality Republicans ethic of self reliance Supports limited government Free and private marketplace Culturally conservative Order Why has the two party system endured? historical foundations Political socialization and practical considerations Winner take all electoral system State and federal laws favor the two parties Ruling parties work to remain in control Congressional structure favors two party system The role of minor parties in U.S. politics ideological third parties Green Party Libertarian party Splinter parties Bull moose progressive party Reform party mechanisms of political change realignment : process in which substantial group of voters switches party allegiance Civil war era=1890’s Great Depression= 196070’s
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